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Checklist of plants suitable for ground cover: G

Key.. A.. B.. C.. D-F.. G.. H.. I-L.. M-O.. P.. R-S.. T-X..


Botanical name Common name Habit Evergreen/ Deciduous Height (meters) Hardiness zone Soil Shade Moisture pH Growth rate Notes
Galium mollugo Hedge bedstraw P   1.20 3 LMH S DM ANB M Edible leaves. Dye.
Galium odoratum Sweet woodruff P   0.15 5 LMH fs DM ANB M Edible leaves, tea. Dye. Medicinal.
Gaultheria adenothrix   Sh E 0.30 9 LM FS M AN M Edible fruit.
Gaultheria depressa Mountain snowberry Sh E 0.10 9 LM sn M AN M Edible fruit.
Gaultheria hispidula Creeping snowberry Sh E 0.10 6 LM S M AN F Edible fruit.
Gaultheria humifusa Alpine wintergreen Sh E 0.10 7 LM sn M AN   Edible fruit.
Gaultheria macrostigma   Sh E 0.50 8 LM S M A   Edible fruit.
Gaultheria mucronata   Sh E 1.50 6 LM SN M A   Edible fruit.
Gaultheria myrsinoides   Sh E 0.15 9 LM SN M A   Edible fruit.
Gaultheria nummularioides   Sh E 0.10 9 LM SN M AN   Edible fruit.
Gaultheria ovatifolia Checkerberry Sh E 0.15 6 LM FS M AN M Edible fruit.
Gaultheria procumbens Checkerberry Sh E 0.15 4 LM FS DM AN M Edible fruit and leaves. Tea. Essential oil, Medicinal.
Gaultheria pumila leucocarpa   Sh E 0.20 7 LM SN M A F Edible fruit.
Gaultheria shallon Shallon Sh E 1.20 5 LM FS DM A M Edible fruit. Tea. Dye.
Gaultheria trichophylla   Sh E 0.10 8 LM SN M AN   Edible fruit.
Gaultheria x wisleyensis   Sh E 1.00 6 LM FS M A   Edible fruit.
Gaylussacia brachycera Box huckleberry Sh E 0.45 6 LMH SN DM A   Edible fruit.
Genista hispanica Spanish gorse Sh D 0.50 6 LM N DM ANB   Medicinal. Drought tolerant.
Geranium macrorrhizum   P   0.50 4 LMH SN DM NB F Essential oil.
Geranium sylvaticum Wood cranesbill P   0.60 4 LMH FSN M ANB F Essential oil.
Geranium wallichianum   P   0.30 7 LMH sn M ANB F Dye.
Glechoma hederacea Ground ivy P E 0.20   MH S M ANB F Edible leaves. Tea.

Edible Trees and Shrubs Hardy in temperate zones.
Checklist of plants suitable for hedging and windbreaks.
Checklist of Trees and Shrubs for Shelterbelts.


Habit: A = Annual. B = Bamboo. Bi = Biennial. Cl - Climber. F = Fern. Sh = Shrub. T = Tree. P = Perennial.

Deciduous/Evergreen: D = Deciduous. E = Evergreen.

Hardiness zone: 1 = Succeeds in the Arctic zone. 10 = Does not tolerate frost. Most of Britain is in zone 7, the milder areas are zone 8 (though some zone 9 plants can be there), some upland and northern areas are 6 or lower.

Soil: L = Light. M = Medium. H = Heavy.

Shade: F = Succeeds in full shade. S = Succeeds in semi-shade. N = Succeeds in full sun (or no shade).

Moisture: D = Succeeds in dry soils. M = Succeeds in moist soils (the average soil moisture level). We = Succeeds in wet soils. Wa = Succeeds in water.

pH: A = Succeeds in acid soils. N = Succeeds in neutral soils. B = Succeeds in basic (alkaline soils).

Growth rate: S = Slow. M = Medium. F = Fast.

When using this list it is important to remember that it can only contain a small portion of the information we hold on each plant. You are strongly advised to seek more information on any plant before making use of it in the manner suggested. This is especially important with any of the comments on edibility.

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