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Solanum tuberosum - Juz.&Bukasov.
Common Name Andigena
Family Solanaceae
USDA hardiness Coming soon
Known Hazards Although no specific mention of toxicity has been seen for this species, it belongs to a genus where many if not all the members have poisonous leaves and sometimes also the unripe fruits.
Habitats Cultivated as a food crop, it is not known in the wild.
Range S. America - Colombia, Peru..
Edibility Rating  
Other Uses  
Weed Potential No
Medicinal Rating  
Moist Soil Full sun


Solanum tuberosum Andigena

Solanum tuberosum Andigena
Physical Characteristics
Solanum tuberosum is a PERENNIAL.
It is frost tender. The flowers are hermaphrodite (have both male and female organs) and are pollinated by Insects.Suitable for: light (sandy), medium (loamy) and heavy (clay) soils and prefers well-drained soil. Suitable pH: acid, neutral and basic (alkaline) soils. It cannot grow in the shade. It prefers moist soil.

Solanum tuberosum andigena

 Cultivated Beds;
Edible Uses
Edible Parts: Root.
Edible Uses: Rutin.

Root - cooked[46, 105, 177]. This species has the largest tubers of all the species cultivated in the Andes, it has a good content of protein (12% dry weight compared to 8 - 10% for the cultivated potato) and is rich in starch and vitamin C[196].
Figures in grams (g) or miligrams (mg) per 100g of food.
Root (Fresh weight)
  • 80 Calories per 100g
  • Water : 79%
  • Protein: 2.4g; Fat: 0.1g; Carbohydrate: 18g; Fibre: 0.5g; Ash: 1.3g;
  • Minerals - Calcium: 10mg; Phosphorus: 51mg; Iron: 0.8mg; Magnesium: 0mg; Sodium: 5mg; Potassium: 401mg; Zinc: 0mg;
  • Vitamins - A: 20mg; Thiamine (B1): 0.9mg; Riboflavin (B2): 0.03mg; Niacin: 1.5mg; B6: 0mg; C: 20mg;
  • Reference: [ 269]
  • Notes: These figures are the mean obtained from a range of readings.
Medicinal Uses

Plants For A Future can not take any responsibility for any adverse effects from the use of plants. Always seek advice from a professional before using a plant medicinally.

Antibacterial;  Antifungal;  Antiphlogistic;  Antispasmodic;  Cardiotonic;  Hypotensive;  Poultice.

None known
Other Uses
Alcohol;  Biomass;  Cleanser;  Cosmetic;  Polish;  Size;  Starch.

None known
Cultivation details
Succeeds in most soils[1]. Dislikes wet or heavy clay soils[16, 37]. Prefers a slightly acid soil, the tubers are subject to scab on limy soils or those deficient in humus. Yields best on a fertile soil rich in organic matter. This plant is one of the S. American species of potatoes. It is not frost hardy but can probably be grown in much the same way as potatoes are grown by planting out the tubers in spring and harvesting in the autumn[K]. Plants might have strict daylength requirements and may yield poorly in temperate zones because they need short-days in order to induce tuber-formation[196]. This species is commonly cultivated for its edible tubers in S. America[196]. Yields are often low but 30 tonnes per hectare have been recorded[196]. Plants are susceptible to late blight[196]. This species is the immediate ancestor of the potato of commerce, S. tuberosum, though the tubers look rather different[196]. A tetraploid species, probably derived from S. stenotomum by chromosome doubling or by hybridization with S. sparsipilum, it produces fertile seed[196].
Seed - sow early spring in a warm greenhouse. Prick out the seedlings into a fairly rich compost as soon as they are large enough to handle and grow them on fast. Plant them out after the last expected frosts. Division. Harvest the tubers in autumn after the top-growth has been cut back by frost. Store the tubers in a cool frost-free place overwinter and replant in April.
Other Names
Found In
Weed Potential

Right plant wrong place. We are currently updating this section. Please note that a plant may be invasive in one area but may not in your area so it’s worth checking.

Conservation Status
IUCN Red List of Threatened Plants Status :
Related Plants
Latin NameCommon NameEdibility RatingMedicinal Rating
Solanum aethiopicumMock Tomato, Ethiopian nightshade20
Solanum ajanhuiriAjanhuiri20
Solanum americanumAmerican Nightshade, American black nightshade10
Solanum andigenumAndigena20
Solanum aviculareKangaroo Apple, New Zealand nightshade22
Solanum boreale 10
Solanum boyacense 10
Solanum cari 10
Solanum carolinenseHorse Nettle, Carolina horsenettle02
Solanum chauchaChaucha10
Solanum curtilobumRucki20
Solanum dulcamaraBittersweet. Bittersweet Nightshade, Climbing nightshade, Bittersweet, Deadly Nightshade, Poisonous 03
Solanum fendleriWild Potato, Fendler's horsenettle, Texan horsenettle32
Solanum jamesiiColorado Wild Potato, Wild potato20
Solanum juzepczukiiRucki20
Solanum kurzii 10
Solanum laciniatumKangaroo Apple22
Solanum linearifoliumMountain Kangaroo Apple20
Solanum liximitante 10
Solanum luteum 10
Solanum lyratum 12
Solanum maglia 20
Solanum melongenaAubergine, Eggplant32
Solanum muricatumPepino40
Solanum nigrumBlack Nightshade, Common Nightshade, Poisonberry, Black Nightshade22
Solanum phurejaPhureja, Nightshade30
Solanum piliferum 20
Solanum retroflexumSunberry20
Solanum rybinii 10
Solanum scabrumGarden Huckleberry32
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Expert comment
Botanical References
Links / References
For a list of references used on this page please go here
Readers comment
Elizabeth H.
Wed Apr 27 10:21:29 2005
Can you tell me if using potato juice drops in the eyes is safe? I was told my son would need atropine drops in his eye for regular treatment for a lazy eye, but I'm worried about it. I would rather a natural solution. I heard that the same ingredient is contain in the potato and tomatoes - are they safe to put in the eye or could they cause blindness?
Elizabeth H.
cham Wed Jul 12 2006
hmmm.this could probably be a big help for the preparation of my investigatory project,because i have read that there are still so many uses of potato aside from an engridient to our food..
Elizabeth H.
archit m. patel Sun Oct 8 2006
This starch is distributed in all the plants.this page is very interesting.
Elizabeth H.
Luisa Tue Oct 10 2006
How many percent of Alkaloid can be found in Potatoes? What possible tests can be made to pro ove that it is present in Alkaloid
Elizabeth H.
prynne Sat Jan 13 2007
is a potato extract can be processed into ethanol? what is the process?? can you tell me??
Elizabeth H.
Potato Tue Apr 15 2008
Can anybody explain the entire process of producing wood alcohol from potatos?
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Subject : Solanum tuberosum  

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