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Empetrum rubrum - Vahl. ex Willd.
                 
Common Name
Family Empetraceae
USDA hardiness Coming soon
Known Hazards None known
Habitats Dwarf shrub heath, feldmark communities, bogs and swamps, in open Nothofagus forest and occasionally frequent in the understorey[69].
Range S. America - Chile and Tierra Del Fuego.
Edibility Rating  
Other Uses  
Weed Potential No
Medicinal Rating  
Care
Frost Hardy Moist Soil Semi-shade Full sun

Summary

Empetrum rubrum


http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/User:Butterfly_voyages
Empetrum rubrum
   
Physical Characteristics
 icon of manicon of shrub
Empetrum rubrum is an evergreen Shrub growing to 0.3 m (1ft) by 0.5 m (1ft 8in) at a slow rate.
It is hardy to zone (UK) 8 and is not frost tender. It is in leaf 12-Jan It is in flower in May. The flowers are dioecious (individual flowers are either male or female, but only one sex is to be found on any one plant so both male and female plants must be grown if seed is required) and are pollinated by Bees, flies, lepidoptera.The plant is not self-fertile.
Suitable for: light (sandy), medium (loamy) and heavy (clay) soils and prefers well-drained soil. Suitable pH: acid and neutral soils. It can grow in semi-shade (light woodland) or no shade. It prefers moist soil. The plant can tolerate maritime exposure.

Synonyms

Habitats
Woodland Garden Sunny Edge; Dappled Shade; Ground Cover; Cultivated Beds;
Edible Uses
Edible Parts: Fruit.
Edible Uses:

Fruit - raw or cooked[1, 46, 61, 69]. It is supposed to have tonic properties[183].
Medicinal Uses


Plants For A Future can not take any responsibility for any adverse effects from the use of plants. Always seek advice from a professional before using a plant medicinally.

Tonic.

Tonic[46].
Other Uses
Plants can be used for groundcover in exposed locations[200].
Cultivation details
A calcifuge plant, it is easily grown in a moist lime-free peaty soil[11, 182, 200]. Tolerates exposed positions, including maritime exposure in Cornwall[182]. This species is closely related to E. nigrum. Dioecious. Male and female plants must be grown if seed is required[182].
Propagation
Seed - best sown as soon as it is ripe in a cold frame. The seed can be very slow to germinate, stored seed requires 5 months warm then 3 months cold stratification at 5°c[200]. When they are large enough to handle, prick the seedlings out into individual pots and grow them on in the greenhouse for at least their first winter. Plant them out into their permanent positions in late spring or early summer, after the last expected frosts. Cuttings of half-ripe wood, 3cm with a heel, July/August in a frame. Takes 3 weeks. Good percentage[78, 200]. Cuttings of mature wood of the current year's growth, 3cm with a heel, October in a frame. Requires shade. Good percentage[78, 200].

Books by Plants For A Future

Other Names
Found In
Weed Potential

Right plant wrong place. We are currently updating this section. Please note that a plant may be invasive in one area but may not in your area so it’s worth checking.

Conservation Status
IUCN Red List of Threatened Plants Status :
Related Plants
Latin NameCommon NameEdibility RatingMedicinal Rating
Empetrum atropurpureumPurple Crowberry20
Empetrum eamesiiRockberry, Purple crowberry20
Empetrum eamesii hermaphroditumMountain Crowberry, Rockberry20
Empetrum nigrumCrowberry, Black crowberry, Black Crowberry32
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Expert comment
 
Author
Vahl. ex Willd.
Botanical References
1169200
Links / References
For a list of references used on this page please go here
Readers comment
 
Elizabeth H.
Thu Feb 22 2007
Empetrum rubrum (diddle dee)is awesome for starting fires when out camping
Elizabeth H.
F Stephens Wed Mar 28 2007
They make jam out of this berry in the Falklands, and sell it to tourists. They also sell diddle-dee yoghurt. It tasts slightly bitter, and the jam is slightly gritty due to the number of seeds, but it is fairly palatable still.
Elizabeth H.
peter kohn Mon Jan 26 2009
A fascinating plant but does anyone know of a grower. We desparately need plants to complete our collection of Tierra del Fuego shrubs. Let me know if you find a supplier or can supply plants yourself. Emails to peter@kerrachar.co.uk Thank you.
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Subject : Empetrum rubrum  

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