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Chaenomeles x superba - Rehder.
                 
Common Name Dwarf Quince, Flowering Quince
Family Rosaceae
USDA hardiness 5-8
Known Hazards None known
Habitats Not known in the wild.
Range A hybrid of garden origin, C. japonica x C. speciosa.
Edibility Rating  
Other Uses  
Weed Potential No
Medicinal Rating  
Care
Fully Hardy Moist Soil Full shade Semi-shade Full sun

Summary
Bloom Color: Salmon. Main Bloom Time: Late spring, Mid spring. Form: Spreading or horizontal.

Chaenomeles x superba Dwarf Quince, Flowering Quince


http://flickr.com/photos/34008858@N06
Chaenomeles x superba Dwarf Quince, Flowering Quince
http://flickr.com/photos/28567825@N03
   
Physical Characteristics
 icon of manicon of shrub
Chaenomeles x superba is a deciduous Shrub growing to 1 m (3ft 3in) by 2 m (6ft) at a fast rate.
It is hardy to zone (UK) 5 and is not frost tender. It is in flower from Feb to June, and the seeds ripen in October. The flowers are hermaphrodite (have both male and female organs) and are pollinated by Bees.It is noted for attracting wildlife.
Suitable for: light (sandy), medium (loamy) and heavy (clay) soils, prefers well-drained soil and can grow in heavy clay soil. Suitable pH: acid, neutral and basic (alkaline) soils. It can grow in full shade (deep woodland) semi-shade (light woodland) or no shade. It prefers moist soil. It can tolerate atmospheric pollution.

Synonyms

Habitats
Woodland Garden Sunny Edge; Dappled Shade; Shady Edge; not Deep Shade; Ground Cover; Hedge;
Edible Uses
Edible Parts: Fruit.
Edible Uses:

Fruit - very harsh and acid raw but fragrant when cooked. Used for jams, jellies etc and as a flavouring with cooked apples[K]. The fruit can be apple or pear-shaped and up to 6cm long x 6cm wide[200].
Medicinal Uses
Plants For A Future can not take any responsibility for any adverse effects from the use of plants. Always seek advice from a professional before using a plant medicinally.



None known
Other Uses
Hedge;  Hedge.

Plants can be grown to make a medium sized hedge[200]. Some cultivars, such as 'Crimson and Gold' produce suckers prolifically and are suitable for ground cover[182].
Cultivation details
Landscape Uses:Border, Erosion control, Ground cover, Massing, Woodland garden. Easily cultivated in any reasonably good soil[1, 11]. Prefers a deep moist well-drained loam[11]. Grows well in heavy clay soils. Tolerates full shade but requires a sunny position for best fruit production[3, 11, 200]. Becomes chlorotic on very alkaline soils[200]. Tolerates atmospheric pollution[200]. Plants are hardy to about -25°c[200]. A very ornamental plant, there are many named varieties[200, 202]. A good bee plant, flowering early in the year and providing pollen and nectar[108]. Plants in this genus are notably resistant to honey fungus[200]. Special Features:Not North American native, Attractive flowers or blooms.
Propagation
Seed - best sown as soon as it is ripe in a sheltered position outdoors or in a cold frame[200]. Sow stored seed in February in a greenhouse[78]. Germination usually takes place within 6 weeks[78]. Prick out the seedlings into individual pots as soon as they are large enough to handle. If well grown, these seedling can be large enough to plant out in the summer, but give them some protection in their first winter. Otherwise plant them out in late spring of the following year[K]. This species is a hybrid and so will not breed true from seed. Cuttings of half-ripe wood, July/August in a frame[11]. Easy[113]. Cuttings of mature wood of the current year's growth, November in a cold frame. Layering in late spring or in autumn. This is a sure and easy method, though it takes 12 months[78, 200].
Other Names
Found In
Australia,
Weed Potential

Right plant wrong place. We are currently updating this section. Please note that a plant may be invasive in one area but may not in your area so it’s worth checking.

Conservation Status
IUCN Red List of Threatened Plants Status :
Related Plants
Latin NameCommon NameEdibility RatingMedicinal Rating
Chaenomeles cathayensisChinese Quince42
Chaenomeles japonicaDwarf Quince, Maule's quince, Japanese Flowering Quince30
Chaenomeles speciosaJapanese Quince, Flowering quince32
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Expert comment
 
Author
Rehder.
Botanical References
200
Links / References
For a list of references used on this page please go here
Readers comment
 
Elizabeth H.
Dr.Volodymyr Mezhenskyj Mon Nov 17 02:13:30 2003
Chaenomeles Cultivars

Dear Sirs,

the Chaenomeles is not only very ornamental shrubs, but promising fruit crop. The first in the world industrial plantation of Chaenomeles was established in Ukraine in 1937. Since 2001 the first pomological cultivars are included in the Register of Plant Varieties of the Ukraine. I bred next cultivars: `Nika`, `Nikolaj`, `Nina` - this three related varieties have up to 1 m tall, spineless branches, orange red flowers and yellow apple-shaped fruits weighting 40 to 100 g. `Kalif` - shrub up to 2 m tall with erect branches, with a little more spur spines, white and pink flowers and yellow, globose, ovoid to ellipsoid fruits weighting 60-120 g.

In Register the pomological cultivars `Vitaminnyj`, `Karavaevskyj`, `Pomaranczevyj`, and `Tzytrynovyj` which created by other breeders are included also.

Dr.Volodymyr Mezhenskyj, Artemivsk Research Center of Institution of Horticulture, Opytne, Artemivsk, Donetska obl., 84571 UKRAINE

Elizabeth H.
Volodymyr Mezhenskyj Fri Aug 4 2006
The images of this cultivars you can see on website http://www.mezhenskyjv.narod.ru/eng_page_2.htm

Volodymyr Mezhenskyj Homepage

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Subject : Chaenomeles x superba  

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