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Plantago major - L.                
                 
Common Name Common Plantain, Cart Track Plant,White Man's Foot ,Plantain
Family Plantaginaceae
USDA hardiness 3-10
Known Hazards High doses may cause a fall in blood pressure and diarrhoea. Possible allergic contact dermatitis. Avoid in patients with intestinal obstruction or abdominal discomfort [301].
Habitats A common garden weed, particularly in lawns[1, 4, 13]. Rarely in grassy places[17].
Range Most of Europe, including Britain, to northern and central Asia.
Edibility Rating  
Medicinal Rating  
Care
Fully Hardy Moist Soil Full sun

Summary       
Bloom Color: Green. Main Bloom Time: Early summer, Late summer, Mid summer. Form: Irregular or sprawling.

Physical Characteristics       
 icon of manicon of flower
Plantago major is a PERENNIAL growing to 0.1 m (0ft 4in) by 0.1 m (0ft 4in) at a medium rate.
It is hardy to zone (UK) 5 and is not frost tender. It is in flower from May to September, and the seeds ripen from Jul to October. The flowers are hermaphrodite (have both male and female organs) and are pollinated by Wind.The plant is self-fertile.
It is noted for attracting wildlife.
Suitable for: light (sandy), medium (loamy) and heavy (clay) soils and prefers well-drained soil. Suitable pH: acid, neutral and basic (alkaline) soils. It cannot grow in the shade. It prefers moist soil. The plant can tolerate maritime exposure.

Synonyms
Plantago borysthenica. Plantago dregeana. Plantago latifolia. Plantago sinuata.
Plantago major Common Plantain, Cart Track Plant,White Man


http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Illustration_Plantago_major0_clean.jpg
Plantago major Common Plantain, Cart Track Plant,White Man
http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/User:Llez
   
Habitats
 Lawn; Meadow;
Edible Uses                                         
Edible Parts: Leaves;  Root;  Seed.
Edible Uses: Tea.

Young leaves - raw or cooked[2, 5, 12, 56, 62, 183]. They are rather bitter and tedious to prepare because the fibrous strands need to be removed before use[9]. It is best not to use the leaf-stalk since this is even more fibrous than the leaf[183]. Many people blanch the leaves in boiling water before using them in salads in order to make them more tender[183]. A Chinese form has more palatable leaves - it contains about 2.7% protein, 0.4% fat, 2.2% ash[179]. Seed - raw or cooked[62, 172]. Very tedious to harvest[172]. The seed can be ground into a meal and mixed with flour[183]. It is very rich in vitamin B1[179]. The whole seeds can be boiled and used like sago[193]. The dried leaves make an acceptable tea[183]. Root[183]. No further details.
Medicinal Uses


Plants For A Future can not take any responsibility for any adverse effects from the use of plants. Always seek advice from a professional before using a plant medicinally.

Antidote;  Astringent;  Demulcent;  Deobstruent;  Depurative;  Diuretic;  Expectorant;  Haemostatic;  Laxative;  Ophthalmic;  Poultice;  
Refrigerant;  Vermifuge.

Common plantain is a safe and effective treatment for bleeding, it quickly staunches blood flow and encourages the repair of damaged tissue[254]. The leaves are astringent, demulcent, deobstruent, depurative, diuretic, expectorant, haemostatic and refrigerant[4, 7, 9, 21, 147, 165, 172, 238]. Internally, they are used in the treatment of a wide range of complaints including diarrhoea, gastritis, peptic ulcers, irritable bowel syndrome, haemorrhage, haemorrhoids, cystitis, bronchitis, catarrh, sinusitis, asthma and hay fever[238, 254]. They are used externally in treating skin inflammations, malignant ulcers, cuts, stings etc[4]. The heated leaves are used as a wet dressing for wounds, swellings etc[213, 222]. The root is a remedy for the bite of rattlesnakes, it is used in equal portions with Marrubium vulgare[207]. The seeds are used in the treatment of parasitic worms[213]. Plantain seeds contain up to 30% mucilage which swells up in the gut, acting as a bulk laxative and soothing irritated membranes[238]. Sometimes the seed husks are used without the seeds[238]. A distilled water made from the plant makes an excellent eye lotion[7].
Other Uses
None known
Cultivation details                                         
Succeeds in any moderately fertile soil in a sunny position[200]. Although this species is a common garden weed, some named forms have been selected for their ornamental value[233]. An important food plant for the caterpillars of many species of butterflies[30]. Special Features:Edible, Naturalizing, Suitable for dried flowers.
                                                                                 
Propagation                                         
Seed - sow spring in a cold frame. When they are large enough to handle, prick the seedlings out into individual pots and plant them out in early summer. A sowing can be made outdoors in situ in mid to late spring if you have enough seeds.
Related Plants                                         
Latin NameCommon NameEdibility RatingMedicinal Rating
Alisma plantago-aquaticaGreat Water Plantain, ZE-XIE, European water plantain, American water plantain, Northern water plan13
Plantago affraPsyllium13
Plantago amplexicaulis 12
Plantago arenariaFrench Psyllium13
Plantago asiaticaChe Qian Zi13
Plantago australisMexican Plantain12
Plantago camtschatica 12
Plantago coronopusBuck's-Horn Plantain32
Plantago crassifolia 12
Plantago cunninghamii 00
Plantago debilis 00
Plantago decipiens 12
Plantago depressa 12
Plantago hakusanensis 12
Plantago juncoides 12
Plantago lanceolataRibwort Plantain, Narrowleaf plantain23
Plantago maritimaSea Plantain, Goose tongue, California goose tongue32
Plantago mediaHoary Plantain22
Plantago oliganthus 12
Plantago ovataBlond Psyllium, Desert Indianwheat23
Plantago psylliumFleawort23
Plantago rugeliiBlackseed Plantain12
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Expert comment                                         
 
      
Author                                         
L.
                                                                                 
Botanical References                                         
17200
                                                                                 
Links / References                                         
For a list of references used on this page please go here
Readers comment                                         
 
Elizabeth H.
Giles Oatley Tue Jun 12 2007
I've searched everywhere on the internet, and cannot find one garden centre etc that supplies Plantago major. The best I have found are leaves from a US site. Can someone help me to get the plant please. Thanks, Giles
Elizabeth H.
bobise Tue May 6 2008
You will probably never find a plantain for sale. They are weeds, esp where I live, and grow every where. Just try to find one growing wild and transplant it, it should be easy if you live in north america. The broadleaf variety I usually find is hardy to zone two. I sometimes call them toe whackers, because when you walk barefoot through an unkept lawn, you can feel the stalks whack your toes.
Elizabeth H.
Sylvie Thu Jun 12 2008
Giles, I read your request today. I hope you still come on this site. You can get the seeds from www.Richters,com. It is located in Ontario, Canada. They ship to many places. Hope this help. Sylvie

Elizabeth H.
david n Tue Dec 30 2008
I find the large mature leave are fine for wrapping food in like grape leaves. I boil them for a while, and probably do make an unconcious effort to bite hard to sever the fibers.
Elizabeth H.
giunar Wed Dec 9 2009
we are searching the economic and environmental significance of this plantago majora .. so pls help me to find the best answer for this question ... i need it for my reasearch paper ,,, thank u more power fin

gjhorenz@yahoo.com help for reacerch

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Subject : Plantago major  
             
                                        
                                                                                 
                                                                                 
   
 

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