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Hibiscus syriacus - L.
                 
Common Name Rose Of Sharon, Althaea, Shrub Althea, Hardy Hibiscus
Family Malvaceae
USDA hardiness 5-9
Known Hazards None known
Habitats Found wild on mountain slopes, though the original habitat is obscure[74].
Range E. Asia - China to India. Locally naturalized in S. Europe.
Edibility Rating  
Other Uses  
Weed Potential Yes
Medicinal Rating  
Care
Fully Hardy Moist Soil Semi-shade Full sun

Summary
Bloom Color: Blue, Lavender, Pink, Purple, Red, White. Main Bloom Time: Early summer, Late summer, Mid summer. Form: Rounded, Upright or erect.

Hibiscus syriacus Rose Of Sharon, Althaea, Shrub Althea, Hardy Hibiscus


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Hibiscus syriacus Rose Of Sharon, Althaea, Shrub Althea, Hardy Hibiscus
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Physical Characteristics
 icon of manicon of shrub
Hibiscus syriacus is a deciduous Shrub growing to 3 m (9ft) by 2 m (6ft) at a medium rate.
It is hardy to zone (UK) 5. It is in flower in September, and the seeds ripen in October. The flowers are hermaphrodite (have both male and female organs) and are pollinated by Insects.Suitable for: light (sandy), medium (loamy) and heavy (clay) soils and prefers well-drained soil. Suitable pH: acid, neutral and basic (alkaline) soils. It can grow in semi-shade (light woodland) or no shade. It prefers moist soil.

Synonyms
Althaea frutex.

Habitats
Woodland Garden Sunny Edge; Dappled Shade; Hedge;
Edible Uses
Edible Parts: Flowers;  Leaves;  Oil;  Root.
Edible Uses: Oil;  Tea.

Young leaves - raw or cooked[2, 177, 179, 183]. A very mild flavour, though slightly on the tough side, they make an acceptable addition to the salad bowl[K]. A tea is made from the leaves[2, 177, 240] or the flowers[183]. Flowers - raw or cooked[74, 105, 183]. A mild flavour and mucilaginous texture, they are delightful in salads, both for looking at and for eating[K]. Root - it is edible but very fibrousy[144]. Mucilaginous, without very much flavour[144].
Medicinal Uses


Plants For A Future can not take any responsibility for any adverse effects from the use of plants. Always seek advice from a professional before using a plant medicinally.

Anthelmintic;  Antiphlogistic;  Antipruritic;  Demulcent;  Diuretic;  Emollient;  Expectorant;  Febrifuge;  
Ophthalmic;  Skin;  Stomachic;  Styptic.

The leaves are diuretic, expectorant and stomachic[218, 240]. A decoction of the flowers is diuretic, ophthalmic and stomachic[147, 178, 218]. It is also used in the treatment of itch and other skin diseases[240], dizziness and bloody stools accompanied by much gas[147]. The bark contains several medically active constituents, including mucilage, carotenoids, sesquiterpenes and anthocyanidins[279]. A decoction of the root bark is antiphlogistic, demulcent, emollient, febrifuge, haemostatic and vermifuge[218, 240]. It is used in the treatment of diarrhoea, dysentery, abdominal pain, leucorrhoea, dysmenorrhoea[240, 279] and dermaphytosis[147].
Other Uses
Dye;  Fibre;  Hair;  Hedge;  Hedge;  Oil.

A low quality fibre is obtained from the stems. It is used for making cordage and paper[74]. The seed contains about 25% oil[74]. No further details are given, but it is likely to be edible. A hair shampoo is made from the leaves[74]. A blue dye is obtained from the flowers[168]. This species is planted as a hedge in S. Europe[50].
Cultivation details
Landscape Uses:Border, Container, Foundation, Standard, Seashore, Specimen. Prefers a well-drained humus rich fertile soil in a sheltered position in full sun[200]. Succeeds in any soil of good or moderate quality[11]. Dislikes shade or badly drained soils[11]. Plants grow best with their roots in cool moist soil and their tops in a hot sunny position. This species is hardy to about -20°c[200] but plants only really succeed in the warmer counties of Britain because of their late flowering habit[184]. When planted in colder areas of the country, they will need protection for the first few winters[200]. The flowers only open in sunny weather[219]. Plants rarely require pruning[219], though they respond well to pruning and trimming and this is best carried out in the spring or just after flowering[219]. Plants are late coming into leaf, usually around the end of May or early June[182]. A very ornamental plant[1], there are many named varieties[182]. Special Features:Attracts birds, Not North American native, Naturalizing, Attracts butterflies, Blooms are very showy.
Propagation
Seed - sow early spring in a greenhouse. Germination is usually fairly quick. Prick out the seedlings into individual pots when they are large enough to handle and grow them on in the greenhouse for their first year. Plant them out into their permanent positions in late spring or early summer. Some reports say that the seed can be sown in situ outside and that it gives a good rate of germination[78, 80, 113]. Cuttings of half-ripe wood, July/August in a frame. Good percentage[113]. Cuttings of mature wood, early autumn in a frame. Good percentage[113]. Layering in mid summer to early autumn[1].

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Other Names
Chaba, Gurhal, Kembang sepatu mawar, Kembang sepatu saro, Mu jin, Shrubby Althæa, Swet jaba, Thon-ban-hla, Woody Hibiscus,
Found In
Africa, Asia, Australia, China*, East Africa, Europe, Fiji, France, Greece, Hawaii, India, Indochina, Italy, Marquesas, Mediterranean, Mozambique, Myanmar, Nepal, Pacific, Pakistan, Portugal, SE Asia, Spain, Taiwan, Tasmania, Thailand, USA, Vietnam,
Weed Potential

Right plant wrong place. We are currently updating this section. Please note that a plant may be invasive in one area but may not in your area so it’s worth checking.

Conservation Status
IUCN Red List of Threatened Plants Status :
Related Plants
Latin NameCommon NameEdibility RatingMedicinal Rating
Hibiscus acetosellaFalse Roselle, African rosemallow, Cranberry Hibiscus20
Hibiscus cannabinusKenaf, Brown Indianhemp22
Hibiscus diversifoliusSwamp Hibiscus21
Hibiscus heterophyllusNative Rosella20
Hibiscus moscheutosSwamp Rose Mallow, Crimsoneyed rosemallow, Wild Cotton, Common Rosemallow, Eastern Rosemallow, Swamp12
Hibiscus mutabilisCotton Rose, Dixie rosemallow22
Hibiscus rosa-sinensisChinese Hibiscus, Shoeblackplant, Hawaiian Hibiscus, Tropical Hibiscus, China Rose, Rose-of-China, S33
Hibiscus sabdariffaRoselle33
Hibiscus sinosyriacusRose Of Sharon42
Hibiscus trionumFlower Of An Hour21
Talipariti tiliaceumBeach Hibiscus, Sea Hibiscus, Cottontree, Mahoe32
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Subject : Hibiscus syriacus  

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