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emilia sonchifolia - (L.)DC.                
                 
Common Name Cupid's Shaving Brush
Family Asteraceae or Compositae
Synonyms Cacalia sonchifolia.
Known Hazards None known
Habitats Waste ground in C. and S. Japan[58]. Moist areas and uncultivated ground at elevations up to 1700 metres in Nepal[272].
Range Tropical Asia.
Edibility Rating  
Medicinal Rating  
Care
Half Hardy Moist Soil Full sun

Summary       

Physical Characteristics       
 icon of manicon of flower
emilia sonchifolia is a ANNUAL growing to 0.6 m (2ft).
It is hardy to zone 9 and is frost tender. It is in flower from Jul to October, and the seeds ripen from Aug to October. The flowers are hermaphrodite (have both male and female organs) and are pollinated by Insects.The plant is self-fertile.


USDA hardiness zone : Coming soon


Suitable for: light (sandy), medium (loamy) and heavy (clay) soils and prefers well-drained soil. Suitable pH: acid, neutral and basic (alkaline) soils. It cannot grow in the shade. It prefers moist soil.

emilia sonchifolia Cupid


http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Emilia_sonchifolia_Blanco2.282.png
emilia sonchifolia Cupid
http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/User:J.M.Garg
   
Habitats       
 Cultivated Beds;
Edible Uses                                         
Edible Parts: Leaves.
Edible Uses:

Leaves and young shoots - raw or cooked[2, 46, 61, 105, 177, 272]. Used as a vegetable[272]. The whole plant, including the flowers, can be eaten raw or cooked[144]. The leaves are usually harvested and used before the plant flowers[183]. A nutritional analysis of the leaves is available[218]. The powdered plant is used to prepare a cake fermented with yeast (called marcha in Nepal) from which liquor is distilled[272].
Composition                                         
Figures in grams (g) or miligrams (mg) per 100g of food.
Leaves (Dry weight)
  • 308 Calories per 100g
  • Water : 0%
  • Protein: 22g; Fat: 3.3g; Carbohydrate: 64.3g; Fibre: 11g; Ash: 10.4g;
  • Minerals - Calcium: 2187mg; Phosphorus: 648mg; Iron: 0mg; Magnesium: 0mg; Sodium: 0mg; Potassium: 0mg; Zinc: 0mg;
  • Vitamins - A: 0mg; Thiamine (B1): 0mg; Riboflavin (B2): 0mg; Niacin: 0mg; B6: 0mg; C: 0mg;
  • Reference: [ ]
  • Notes:
Medicinal Uses


Plants For A Future can not take any responsibility for any adverse effects from the use of plants. Always seek advice from a professional before using a plant medicinally.

Astringent;  Depurative;  Diaphoretic;  Diuretic;  Expectorant;  Febrifuge;  Odontalgic;  Ophthalmic.

A tea made from the leaves is used in the treatment of dysentery[218]. The juice of the leaves is used in treating eye inflammations, night blindness, cuts and wounds and sore ears[240, 272]. The plant is astringent, depurative, diuretic, expectorant, febrifuge and sudorific[147, 218, 272]. It is used in the treatment of infantile tympanites and bowel complaints[240]. The juice of the root is used in the treatment of diarrhoea[240, 272]. The flower heads are chewed and kept in the mouth for about 10 minutes to protect teeth from decay[272].
Other Uses
None known
Cultivation details                                         
An easily grown plant[1], succeeding in most well-drained soils in a sunny position[200]. Plants flower better when growing on nutritionally poor soils, producing much lusher growth on rich soils[200]. Plants are drought tolerant once established[200]. Plants are not frost hardy, but they succeed outdoors in Britain as a spring-sown annual[200]. Slugs can be a problem with this plant in a wet spring[200]. The leaves are frequently sold in local markets in Java[183].
                                                                                 
Propagation                                         
Seed - sow early spring in a greenhouse and only just cover the seed. When large enough to handle, prick the seedlings out into individual pots and plant them out after the last expected frosts[1, 200]. The seed can also be sown outdoors in situ in the middle of spring[1, 200].
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Expert comment                                         
 
      
Author                                         
(L.)DC.
                                                                                 
Botanical References                                         
58200
                                                                                 
Links / References                                         

[1]F. Chittendon. RHS Dictionary of Plants plus Supplement. 1956
Comprehensive listing of species and how to grow them. Somewhat outdated, it has been replaces in 1992 by a new dictionary (see [200]).
[2]Hedrick. U. P. Sturtevant's Edible Plants of the World.
Lots of entries, quite a lot of information in most entries and references.
[46]Uphof. J. C. Th. Dictionary of Economic Plants.
An excellent and very comprehensive guide but it only gives very short descriptions of the uses without any details of how to utilize the plants. Not for the casual reader.
[58]Ohwi. G. Flora of Japan. (English translation)
The standard work. Brilliant, but not for the casual reader.
[61]Usher. G. A Dictionary of Plants Used by Man.
Forget the sexist title, this is one of the best books on the subject. Lists a very extensive range of useful plants from around the world with very brief details of the uses. Not for the casual reader.
[105]Tanaka. T. Tanaka's Cyclopaedia of Edible Plants of the World.
The most comprehensive guide to edible plants I've come across. Only the briefest entry for each species, though, and some of the entries are more than a little dubious. Not for the casual reader.
[144]Cribb. A. B. and J. W. Wild Food in Australia.
A very good pocket guide.
[147]? A Barefoot Doctors Manual.
A very readable herbal from China, combining some modern methods with traditional chinese methods.
[177]Kunkel. G. Plants for Human Consumption.
An excellent book for the dedicated. A comprehensive listing of latin names with a brief list of edible parts.
[183]Facciola. S. Cornucopia - A Source Book of Edible Plants.
Excellent. Contains a very wide range of conventional and unconventional food plants (including tropical) and where they can be obtained (mainly N. American nurseries but also research institutes and a lot of other nurseries from around the world.
[200]Huxley. A. The New RHS Dictionary of Gardening. 1992.
Excellent and very comprehensive, though it contains a number of silly mistakes. Readable yet also very detailed.
[218]Duke. J. A. and Ayensu. E. S. Medicinal Plants of China
Details of over 1,200 medicinal plants of China and brief details of their uses. Often includes an analysis, or at least a list of constituents. Heavy going if you are not into the subject.
[240]Chopra. R. N., Nayar. S. L. and Chopra. I. C. Glossary of Indian Medicinal Plants (Including the Supplement).
Very terse details of medicinal uses of plants with a wide range of references and details of research into the plants chemistry. Not for the casual reader.
[272]Manandhar. N. P. Plants and People of Nepal
Excellent book, covering over 1,500 species of useful plants from Nepal together with information on the geography and peoples of Nepal. Good descriptions of the plants with terse notes on their uses.

Readers comment                                         
 
Elizabeth H.
tessy ishabor Thu Jan 5 2006
The morphorlogical Description of the plant was not stated.
Elizabeth H.
divya Fri Feb 6 2009
has this plant been tissue cultured? is there similar components in cultured plant
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