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Yucca filamentosa - L.
                 
Common Name Spoonleaf Yucca, Adam's needle, Desert Candle, Needle Palm, St. Peter's Palm, Spanish Bayonet, Comm
Family Agavaceae
USDA hardiness 4-10
Known Hazards The roots contain saponins[222]. Whilst saponins are quite toxic to people, they are poorly absorbed by the body and so tend to pass straight through. They are also destroyed by prolonged heat, such as slow baking in an oven. Saponins are found in many common foods such as beans[K]. Saponins are much more toxic to some creatures, such as fish, and hunting tribes have traditionally put large quantities of them in streams, lakes etc in order to stupefy or kill the fish[K].
Habitats Sand dunes, waste ground and pine forests along the coastal plain[11, 43].
Range South-eastern N. America - Southern New Jersey to Florida. Naturalized in S. Europe.
Edibility Rating  
Other Uses  
Weed Potential No
Medicinal Rating  
Care
Fully Hardy Well drained soil Moist Soil Semi-shade Full sun

Summary
Bloom Color: White. Main Bloom Time: Early spring, Late spring, Mid spring. Form: Rounded.

Yucca filamentosa Spoonleaf Yucca, Adam


Yucca filamentosa Spoonleaf Yucca, Adam
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Physical Characteristics
 icon of manicon of shrub
Yucca filamentosa is an evergreen Shrub growing to 1.2 m (4ft) by 0.6 m (2ft in) at a medium rate.
It is hardy to zone (UK) 4. It is in leaf 12-Jan It is in flower from Jul to August. The flowers are hermaphrodite (have both male and female organs) and are pollinated by Hand.Suitable for: light (sandy), medium (loamy) and heavy (clay) soils, prefers well-drained soil and can grow in nutritionally poor soil. Suitable pH: acid, neutral and basic (alkaline) soils. It can grow in semi-shade (light woodland) or no shade. It prefers dry or moist soil and can tolerate drought. The plant can tolerates strong winds but not maritime exposure.

Synonyms
Y. concava.

Habitats
 Cultivated Beds;
Edible Uses
Edible Parts: Flowers;  Fruit;  Stem.
Edible Uses:

Fruit - raw or cooked[2, 46, 61]. Large and fleshy[161, 183]. The fruit is often dried for winter use[1]. Flowers - raw or dried, crushed and used as a flavouring[159, 164, 177]. A tasty addition to the salad bowl[183]. We have found the flowers to be fairly bitter[K]. Flowering stem - cooked and used like asparagus[164].
Medicinal Uses


Plants For A Future can not take any responsibility for any adverse effects from the use of plants. Always seek advice from a professional before using a plant medicinally.

Poultice;  Salve.

Medicinal Parts: Leaves and roots of non-flowering plants[301]. A poultice made from the roots is used in the treatment of sores, skin diseases and sprains[222, 257]. Liver and gallbladder disorders[301].
Other Uses
Brush;  Fibre;  Paper;  Soap.

A fibre obtained from the leaves is used for making ropes, cloth, baskets and mats[21, 46, 61, 82, 169]. The fibre can also be used for making paper[189] The leaves are harvested in summer, they are scraped to remove the outer skin and are then soaked in water for 24 hours prior to cooking. The fibres are cooked for 2 hours with lye and then beaten in a ball mill for 4 hours. They make a cream paper[189]. The leaves are used as paint brushes[92]. The roots are rich in saponins and can be used as a soap substitute for washing the hair, body and clothing[46, 61, 82, 257].
Cultivation details
Agroforestry Services: Living fence;  Industrial Crop: Fiber;  Management: Standard;  Regional Crop.

Landscape Uses:Border, Container, Erosion control, Foundation, Ground cover, Massing, Rock garden, Seashore, Specimen. A very easily grown plant, it thrives in most soils but prefers a sandy loam and full exposure to the south[11]. Dislikes peaty or chalky soils[111]. Can succeed in light shade[K]. Plants are hardier when grown on poor sandy soils[200]. Established plants are very drought resistant[190]. Plants are hardy to at least -15°c when grown in a well-drained soil. This species is one of the toughest members of the genus and once established is capable of surviving, and even thriving, despite considerable neglect. Plants growing in dense weed competition on our Cornwall trial grounds have managed to spread and even flower[K]. A very ornamental and free flowering species[1], there are some named varieties[182]. In the plants native environment, its flowers can only be pollinated by a certain species of moth. This moth cannot live in Britain and, if fruit and seed is required, hand pollination is necessary. This can be quite easily and successfully done using something like a small paint brush. Individual crowns are monocarpic, dying after flowering[233]. However, the crown will usually produce a number of sideshoots before it dies and these will grow on to flower in about four years[233]. Plants in this genus are notably resistant to honey fungus[200]. Members of this genus seem to be immune to the predations of rabbits[233]. Special Features:Attracts birds, Attractive foliage, North American native, Attracts butterflies, Attractive flowers or blooms.
Propagation
Seed - sow spring in a greenhouse. Pre-soaking the seed for 24 hours in warm water may reduce the germination time. It usually germinates within 1 - 12 months if kept at a temperature of 20°c. Prick out the seedlings into individual pots when they are large enough to handle and grow them on in the greenhouse or cold frame for at least their first two winters. Plant them out into their permanent positions in early summer and consider giving them some winter protection for at least their first winter outdoors - a simple pane of glass is usually sufficient[K]. Seed is not produced in Britain unless the flowers are hand pollinated. Root cuttings in late winter or early spring. Lift in April/May and remove small buds from base of stem and rhizomes. Dip in dry wood ashes to stop any bleeding and plant in a sandy soil in pots in a greenhouse until established[78]. Division of suckers in late spring. Larger divisions can be planted out direct into their permanent positions. We have found that it is best to pot up smaller divisions and grow them on in light shade in a greenhouse or cold frame until they are growing away well. Plant them out in the following spring.
Other Names
Eve's thread, Needle palm,
Found In
Africa, Antigua and Barbuda, Asia, Australia, Egypt, Europe, France, India, Mediterranean, Myanmar, North Africa, North America, Turkey, USA,
Weed Potential

Right plant wrong place. We are currently updating this section. Please note that a plant may be invasive in one area but may not in your area so it’s worth checking.

Conservation Status
IUCN Red List of Threatened Plants Status :
Related Plants
Latin NameCommon NameEdibility RatingMedicinal Rating
Hesperaloe funiferaNew Mexico false yucca00
Yucca aloifoliaSpanish Bayonet, Aloe yucca, Dagger Plant, Yucca, Spanish Bayonet31
Yucca angustissimaNarrowleaf yucca, Kanab yucca, Toft's yucca, Yucca30
Yucca baccataSpanish Bayonet, Banana yucca, Blue Yucca, Spanish Yucca41
Yucca brevifoliaJoshua Tree, Jaeger's Joshua tree, Yucca, Joshua Tree30
Yucca constrictaBuckley's Yucca20
Yucca elataSoap Tree, Soaptree yucca, Soapweed, Soapweed Yucca20
Yucca filifera 20
Yucca glaucaSoapweed, Soapweed yucca, Gurney's yucca, American Vetch, Yucca, Narrowleaf Yucca, Soapweed22
Yucca gloriosaSpanish Dagger, moundlily yucca, Palm Lily, Roman Candle, Mound Lily Yucca, Spanish Dagger21
Yucca harrimaniaeSpanish Bayonet, New Mexico Spanish bayonet20
Yucca recurvifoliaCurve-leaf yucca30
Yucca rupicolaTwisted-Leaf Yucca, Texas yucca20
Yucca schidigeraMojave Yucca, Yucca30
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Yucca whippleiOur Lord's Candle30
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Subject : Yucca filamentosa  

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