homebanner homebanner homebanner homebanner homebanner homebanner
Viola tricolor - L.
                 
Common Name Heartsease, Johnny jumpup, Field Pansy,
Family Violaceae
USDA hardiness 4-9
Known Hazards None known
Habitats Cultivated and waste ground, short grassland etc, mainly on acid and neutral soils[17].
Range Europe, including Britain, from Scandanavia south and east to Corsica, W. Asia, Siberia, Caucasus.
Edibility Rating  
Other Uses  
Weed Potential No
Medicinal Rating  
Care
Fully Hardy Moist Soil Semi-shade Full sun

Summary
Bloom Color: Purple, White, Yellow. Main Bloom Time: Early summer, Early fall, Late summer, Late spring, Mid summer, Mid fall, Mid spring. Form: Spreading or horizontal.

Viola tricolor Heartsease, Johnny jumpup, Field Pansy,


commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/User:Vonvikken
Viola tricolor Heartsease, Johnny jumpup, Field Pansy,
commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:227_Viola_tricolor,_Viola_arvensis.jpg
   
Physical Characteristics
 icon of manicon of flower
Viola tricolor is a ANNUAL/PERENNIAL growing to 0.2 m (0ft 8in) by 0.2 m (0ft 8in) at a medium rate.
It is hardy to zone (UK) 4 and is not frost tender. It is in flower from Apr to September, and the seeds ripen from Jun to September. The flowers are hermaphrodite (have both male and female organs) and are pollinated by Bees, self.The plant is self-fertile.
It is noted for attracting wildlife.
Suitable for: light (sandy), medium (loamy) and heavy (clay) soils and prefers well-drained soil. Suitable pH: acid and neutral soils. It can grow in semi-shade (light woodland) or no shade. It prefers moist soil.

Synonyms

Habitats
 Lawn; Meadow; Cultivated Beds;
Edible Uses
Edible Parts: Flowers;  Leaves.
Edible Uses: Tea.

Young leaves and flower buds - raw or cooked[105]. When added to soup they thicken it in much the same way as okra[85, 159]. A tea can be made from the leaves[85]. The small attractive flowers are added to salads or used as a garnish[183].
Medicinal Uses


Plants For A Future can not take any responsibility for any adverse effects from the use of plants. Always seek advice from a professional before using a plant medicinally.

Anodyne;  Antiasthmatic;  Antiinflammatory;  Antiseborrheic;  Antispasmodic;  Cardiac;  Demulcent;  Depurative;  
Diaphoretic;  Diuretic;  Emetic;  Emollient;  Expectorant;  Homeopathy;  Laxative;  
Vulnerary.

Heartsease has a long history of herbal use and was at one time in high repute as a treatment for epilepsy, asthma, skin diseases and a wide range of other complaints[4]. In modern herbalism it is seen as a purifying herb and is taken internally in the treatment of skin complaints such as eczema[254]. The herb is anodyne, antiasthmatic, anti-inflammatory, cardiac, demulcent, depurative, diaphoretic, diuretic, emollient, expectorant, laxative and vulnerary[4, 7, 9, 13, 21, 46, 165]. Being expectorant, it is used in the treatment of various chest complaints such as bronchitis and whooping cough, whilst its diuretic action makes it useful for treating rheumatism, cystitis and difficulty in passing urine[254]. It is also used as an ointment for treating eczema and other skin complaints and is also useful in cases of rheumatism, bed-wetting etc[4, 9]. The plant is harvested from June to August and dried for later use[4]. The root is emetic[7]. A homeopathic remedy is made from the entire plant[4]. It is used in the treatment of cutaneous eruptions[4].
Other Uses
Dye;  Litmus.

Yellow, green and blue-green dyes are obtained from the flowers[168]. The leaves can be used in place of litmus in testing for acids and alkalis[4].
Cultivation details
Landscape Uses:Alpine garden, Border, Container, Massing, Rock garden. Prefers a cool moist well-drained humus-rich soil in partial or dappled shade and protection from scorching winds[31, 53]. Tolerates sandstone and limestone soils but becomes chlorotic if the pH is too high[200]. Prefers a pH between 6 and 6.5[200]. A very variable species[4]. It is normally an annual plant, but it is sometimes a short-lived perennial[187]. A good bee plant[24]. Grows well with rye but dislikes growing with wheat[18]. All members of this genus have more or less edible leaves and flower buds, though those species with yellow flowers can cause diarrhoea if eaten in large quantities[62, 85, 159]. Special Features:Not North American native, Naturalizing, Suitable for cut flowers, Extended bloom season in Zones 9A and above, Fragrant flowers.
Propagation
Seed - best sown in the autumn in a cold frame. Division in the autumn or just after flowering. The plant is a short-lived perennial and division is not that worthwhile.
Other Names
Found In
Weed Potential

Right plant wrong place. We are currently updating this section. Please note that a plant may be invasive in one area but may not in your area so it’s worth checking.

Conservation Status
IUCN Red List of Threatened Plants Status :
Related Plants
Latin NameCommon NameEdibility RatingMedicinal Rating
Aconitum violaceum 11
Cardamine violacea 20
Hardenbergia violaceaCoral Pea, Purple Coral Pea, False Sarsaparilla, Vine Lilac10
Hymenanthera dentataTree Violet00
Melicytus ramiflorusWhitey Wood10
Orychophragmus violaceus 10
Oxalis violaceaViolet Wood Sorrel31
Tulbaghia violaceaSociety Garlic20
Viola acuminata 20
Viola aduncaWestern Dog Violet, Hookedspur violet, Kirk's violet31
Viola bifloraTwoflower Violet, Arctic yellow violet, Carlott's violet31
Viola brevistipulata 20
Viola canadensisCanada Violet, Canadian white violet, Creepingroot violet31
Viola caninaDog Violet31
Viola collina 20
Viola cornutaHorned Violet, Bedding Pansy, Tufted Pansy,30
Viola cucullataMarsh Blue Violet31
Viola diffusa 22
Viola epipsilaDwarf Marsh Violet30
Viola esculentaSalad violet00
Viola glabellaStream Violet, Pioneer violet20
Viola grypoceras 20
Viola japonicaJapanese violet32
Viola keiskei 20
Viola labradoricaLabrador Violet, Alpine violet, Johnny Jump-Up, Alpine Violet30
Viola langsdorffiiAlaska Violet. Aleutian violet30
Viola mandshuricaManchurian Violet30
Viola mirabiliswonder violet31
Viola obtusa 20
Viola odorataSweet Violet, English Violet, Garden Violet, Sweet Violet, Florist's Violet53
12
Plant Suppliers: Click here for a List

      You can download this page as a PDF

Due to a fault in the PDF printer we are trying a few different options. Please try the one below

 

Print Friendly and PDF
Expert comment
 
Author
L.
Botanical References
17200
Links / References
For a list of references used on this page please go here
Readers comment
 
Elizabeth H.
Yasuhiko Ishihara Thu Feb 19 2009
Hello, I appreciate if you can inform me the definition of edibility rating 2 rated for viola tricolor. What does it mean edibility rating from 1 to 5 in your web-site? I appreciate to know the definition, because I was asked by our government authority about the edibility of viola tricolor which is containing in our new product, a natural fertilizer recently ivented.
Elizabeth H.
david Thu Feb 19 2009
Yasuhiko, 5 means very edible, 1 means poor to eat in taste, texture etc and possibly things like mild toxicity (there are no reports of toxicity in this case). Naturally, these rating are somewhat subjective and open to question since different people and cultures can have differing tastes.
QR Code

What's this?

This is a QR code (short for Quick Response) which gives fast-track access to our website pages. QR Codes are barcodes that can be read by mobile phone (smartphone) cameras. This QR Code is unique to this page. All plant pages have their own unique code. For more information about QR Codes click here.

1. Copy and print the QR code to a plant label, poster, book, website, magazines, newspaper etc and even t-shirts.
2. Smartphone users scan the QR Code which automatically takes them to the webpage the QR Code came from.
3. Smartphone users quickly have information on a plant directly for the pfaf.org website on their phone.
Add a comment/link

If you have important information about this plant that may help other users please add a comment or link below. Only comments or links that are felt to be directly relevant to a plant will be included. If you think a comment/link or information contained on this page is inaccurate or misleading we would welcome your feedback at admin@pfaf.org. If you have questions about a plant please use the Forum on this website as we do not have the resources to answer questions ourselves.

* Please note: the comments by website users are not necessarily those held by PFAF and may give misleading or inaccurate information.

To leave a comment please Register or login here All comments need to be approved so will not appear immediately.

Subject : Viola tricolor  

Plant Uses

Edible Uses
Medicinal Uses
Other Plant uses
Woodland Gardening
Why Perennial Plants?
Top Edible Plants
Top Medicinal Plants
Garden Design
Habitats
Translations

Twiter      Facebook

Content

Content Help
Bookshop
Support Us
Blog
Links
Old Database Search
Suppliers
Contact
About Us
News
Sign In

PFAF Newsletter

Stay informed about PFAFs progress,
challenges and hopes by signing up for
our free email ePost. You will receive
a range of benefits including:
* Important announcements and news
* Exclusive content not on the website
* Updates on new information &
functionality of the website & database

We will not sell or share your email address.
You can unsubscribe at anytime.