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Vicia sativa - L.
                 
Common Name Winter Tares, Garden vetch, Subterranean vetch
Family Fabaceae or Leguminosae
USDA hardiness 4-8
Known Hazards There is some evidence that the seed may be toxic but this has only been shown under laboratory conditions, there are no recorded cases of poisoning by this plant in Britain[76].
Habitats Hedges and grassy places, avoiding acid soils or shady positions[17].
Range Europe, including Britain, from Scandanavia south and east to N. Africa and W. Asia.
Edibility Rating  
Other Uses  
Weed Potential No
Medicinal Rating  
Care
Fully Hardy Moist Soil Semi-shade Full sun

Summary

Vicia sativa Winter Tares, Garden vetch,  Subterranean vetch


commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/User:Svdmolen
Vicia sativa Winter Tares, Garden vetch,  Subterranean vetch
commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:320_Vicia_sativa.jpg
   
Physical Characteristics
 icon of manicon of flower
Vicia sativa is a ANNUAL CLIMBER growing to 1.2 m (4ft) at a fast rate.
It is hardy to zone (UK) 5 and is not frost tender. It is in flower from May to September, and the seeds ripen from Jul to September. The flowers are hermaphrodite (have both male and female organs) and are pollinated by Bees, lepidoptera, self.The plant is self-fertile.
It can fix Nitrogen.
Suitable for: light (sandy), medium (loamy) and heavy (clay) soils and prefers well-drained soil. Suitable pH: acid, neutral and basic (alkaline) soils. It can grow in semi-shade (light woodland) or no shade. It prefers moist soil.

Synonyms
Vicia bacla. Vicia communis. Vicia glabra. Vicia nemoralis

Habitats
 Hedgerow; Cultivated Beds;
Edible Uses
Edible Parts: Leaves;  Seed.
Edible Uses: Tea.

Seed - cooked[22, 74]. Not very palatable nor very digestible but it is very nutritious[2, 115]. The seed can be dried, ground into a powder and mixed with cereal flour to make bread, biscuits, cakes etc[183]. The beans compliment the protein in the cereal making it more complete[K]. Some caution is advised, see the notes above on toxicity. Leaves, young shoots and young pods - cooked[105, 177, 183]. The leaves are a tea substitute[183].
Medicinal Uses
Plants For A Future can not take any responsibility for any adverse effects from the use of plants. Always seek advice from a professional before using a plant medicinally.



None known
Other Uses
Green manure.

A very valuable green manure crop, it can be sown in spring or as late as October. A deep rooted and fast growing plant, it is winter hardy, an effective weed suppresser, produces a good bulk and fixes a large amount of nitrogen[87].
Cultivation details
Succeeds in any well-drained soil in a sunny position if the soil is reliably moist throughout the growing season, otherwise it is best grown in semi-shade[200]. The sub-species V. sativa leucosperma. Ser. is the form usually grown for food[74]. This species has a symbiotic relationship with certain soil bacteria, these bacteria form nodules on the roots and fix atmospheric nitrogen. Some of this nitrogen is utilized by the growing plant but some can also be used by other plants growing nearby[200].
Propagation
Pre-soak the seed for 24 hours in warm water and sow in situ from late winter to early summer and again in the autumn.
Other Names
Found In
Weed Potential

Right plant wrong place. We are currently updating this section. Please note that a plant may be invasive in one area but may not in your area so it’s worth checking.

Conservation Status
IUCN Red List of Threatened Plants Status :
Related Plants
Latin NameCommon NameEdibility RatingMedicinal Rating
Artemisia ludovicianaWhite Sage, Louisiana Sage, Prairie Sage, Western Mugwort22
Artemisia ludoviciana gnaphalodesWhite Sage02
Avena ludovicianaOats20
Lactuca ludovicianaWestern Wild Lettuce, Biannual lettuce22
Orobanche ludovicianaBroom Rape, Louisiana broomrape, Manyflower broomrape11
Vicia americanaAmerican Vetch, Mat vetch21
Vicia amoena 10
Vicia amurensis 10
Vicia articulataOne-Flower Vetch10
Vicia benghalensisPurple Vetch00
Vicia craccaTufted Vetch, Bird vetch, Cow vetch11
Vicia erviliaBitter Vetch10
Vicia faba equinaHorsebean30
Vicia faba majorBroad Bean41
Vicia faba minutaTick Bean30
Vicia giganteaGiant Vetch21
Vicia grandiflora kitaibelianalarge yellow vetch20
Vicia heptajuga 10
Vicia hirsutaHairy Tare, Tiny vetch20
Vicia hirticalycina 10
Vicia japonica 10
Vicia monanthaHard Vetch, Barn vetch20
Vicia narbonensisFrench Vetch, Purple broad vetch20
Vicia nipponica 10
Vicia noeana 10
Vicia pisiformisPea Vetch, Pale-flower vetch10
Vicia pseudo-orobus 10
Vicia sativa leucospermaWinter Tares30
Vicia sepiumBush Vetch10
12
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Expert comment
 
Author
L.
Botanical References
17200
Links / References
For a list of references used on this page please go here
Readers comment
 
Elizabeth H.
Ken Fern, Plants for a Future Thu Dec 20 2007
Seeds of this plant can be obtained from B&T World Seeds http://www.b-and-t-world-seeds.com/
Elizabeth H.
Kathy Kalafat Sun Dec 16 2007
We supply Vicia sativa seeds on our website (www.wildflowershop.co.uk). It is also known as Common Vetch. Kathy

Wild Flower Shop wild flower plants, seeds, meadow mixes & bulbs

Elizabeth H.
Martin Ripper Wed Dec 12 2007
Can this plant be bought anywhere?
Elizabeth H.
Dirk Enneking Sun Jun 21 2009

Vetches from feed to food Grain legumes - Special report 2006

Elizabeth H.
Dirk Enneking Sun Jun 21 2009

take your pick of vetch publications

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Subject : Vicia sativa  

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