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Vaccinium oxycoccos - L.
                 
Common Name Small Cranberry
Family Ericaceae
USDA hardiness Coming soon
Known Hazards Diarrhoea and other gastrointestinal disturbances with large amounts. Seek professional advice if suffering from kidney disease before using [301].
Habitats Acid boggy land[17].
Range Europe, including Britain, from Scandanavia south and east to France, Roumania, N. Asia to Japan.
Edibility Rating  
Other Uses  
Weed Potential No
Medicinal Rating  
Care
Fully Hardy Moist Soil Wet Soil Semi-shade Full sun

Summary

Vaccinium oxycoccos Small Cranberry


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Vaccinium oxycoccos Small Cranberry
commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Vaccinium_oxycoccos_Ypey28.jpg
   
Physical Characteristics
 icon of manicon of shrub
Vaccinium oxycoccos is an evergreen Shrub growing to 0.1 m (0ft 4in) by 1 m (3ft 3in) at a fast rate.
It is hardy to zone (UK) 2. It is in leaf 12-Jan It is in flower from Jun to August. The flowers are hermaphrodite (have both male and female organs) and are pollinated by Bees, self.The plant is self-fertile.
Suitable for: light (sandy) and medium (loamy) soils. Suitable pH: acid soils and can grow in very acid soils.
It can grow in semi-shade (light woodland) or no shade. It prefers moist or wet soil.

Synonyms
Oxycoccus oxycoccos. Oxycoccus palustris. O. quadripetalus. Oxycoccus vulgaris.

Habitats
Woodland Garden Sunny Edge; Dappled Shade; Ground Cover; Bog Garden;
Edible Uses
Edible Parts: Fruit.
Edible Uses: Tea.

Fruit - raw or cooked[2, 13, 17, 101, 171, 257]. Considered by some to be the most pleasantly-flavoured of British wild fruits[11]. The fruit is high in pectin[172], this means that it can be mixed with fruits that are low in pectin to help them set when making jam[K]. Pectin has also been shown to have a valuable role in the diet, where it is said to protect the body against radiation[201]. An acid taste, the fruits are usually cooked in preserves etc[183, 200]. Although smaller than the related V. macrocarpon, the fruit of this species is considered to be of superior taste[183]. The fruit is about 6mm in diameter[200]. A tea is made from the leaves[13, 257].
Medicinal Uses


Plants For A Future can not take any responsibility for any adverse effects from the use of plants. Always seek advice from a professional before using a plant medicinally.

Antiemetic.

An infusion of the plant has been used to treat cases of slight nausea[257]. Treatment for urinary infections - cystitis, and scurvy [301].
Other Uses
Cleanser;  Dye.

The juice of the fruit is used to clean silver[6]. A red dye is obtained from the fruit[13]. Plants can be grown as a ground cover when planted about 1 metre apart each way[208]. Plants rapidly form a dense carpet when they are thriving[208].
Cultivation details
Requires a moist or wet lime free soil, preferring one that is rich in peat or a light loamy soil with added leaf-mould[11, 200]. Prefers a very acid soil with a pH in the range of 4.5 to 6, plants soon become chlorotic when lime is present. Succeeds in full sun or light shade though it fruits better in a sunny position[200]. Requires shelter from strong winds[200]. The fruit often persists on the plant all winter without rotting[200]. Dislikes root disturbance, plants are best grown in pots until being planted out in their permanent positions[200]. Plants in this genus are notably resistant to honey fungus[200].
Propagation
Seed - sow late winter in a greenhouse in a lime-free potting mix and only just cover the seed[78]. Stored seed might require a period of up to 3 months cold stratification[113]. Another report says that it is best to sow the seed in a greenhouse as soon as it is ripe[200]. Once they are about 5cm tall, prick the seedlings out into individual pots and grow them on in a lightly shaded position in the greenhouse for at least their first winter. Plant them out into their permanent positions in late spring or early summer, after the last expected frosts. Cuttings of half-ripe wood, 5 - 8cm with a heel, August in a frame[78]. Slow and difficult. Layering in late summer or early autumn[78]. Another report says that spring is the best time to layer[200]. Takes 18 months[78]. Division of suckers in spring or early autumn[113].
Other Names
Found In
Weed Potential

Right plant wrong place. We are currently updating this section. Please note that a plant may be invasive in one area but may not in your area so it’s worth checking.

Conservation Status
IUCN Red List of Threatened Plants Status :
Related Plants
Latin NameCommon NameEdibility RatingMedicinal Rating
Vaccinium alaskaenseAlaska Blueberry20
Vaccinium amoenumLarge-Cluster Blueberry20
Vaccinium angustifoliumLow Sweet Blueberry, Lowbush blueberry31
Vaccinium angustifolium laevifoliumLow Sweet Blueberry30
Vaccinium arboreumFarkleberry21
Vaccinium arbusculaDwarf bilberry10
Vaccinium arctostaphylosCaucasian Whortleberry30
Vaccinium asheiRabbiteye Blueberry20
Vaccinium bracteatumSea Bilberry11
Vaccinium brittonii 10
Vaccinium caesarienseNew Jersey blueberry20
Vaccinium caespitosumDwarf Bilberry31
Vaccinium ciliatum 10
Vaccinium constablaeiHillside Blueberry30
Vaccinium corymbosumHigh-Bush Blueberry, American Blueberry, Swamp Blueberry, Blueberry41
Vaccinium crassifoliumCreeping Blueberry20
Vaccinium cylindraceum 20
Vaccinium darrowiiDarrow's blueberry10
Vaccinium deliciosumAlpine Blueberry, Cascade bilberry30
Vaccinium duclouxii 30
Vaccinium elliottiiElliott's blueberry10
Vaccinium erythrocarpumSouthern Mountain Cranberry30
Vaccinium formosumSwamp Highbush Blueberry, Southern blueberry30
Vaccinium fuscatumBlack Highbush Blueberry30
Vaccinium hirsutumHairy Huckleberry30
Vaccinium hirtum 10
Vaccinium japonicum 20
Vaccinium koreanum 10
Vaccinium leucanthum 10
Vaccinium macrocarponAmerican Cranberry, Cranberry31
12
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Expert comment
 
Author
L.
Botanical References
1117200
Links / References
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Subject : Vaccinium oxycoccos  

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