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Vaccinium mortinia - Benth.
                 
Common Name Mortiño
Family Ericaceae
USDA hardiness 8-11
Known Hazards None known
Habitats Found at elevations from 2800 to 4000 metres in the Andes[196].
Range S. America - Ecuador and Colombia.
Edibility Rating  
Other Uses  
Weed Potential No
Medicinal Rating  
Care
Half Hardy Moist Soil Semi-shade Full sun

Summary

Vaccinium mortinia Mortiño


Vaccinium mortinia Mortiño
   
Physical Characteristics
 icon of manicon of shrub
Vaccinium mortinia is an evergreen Shrub growing to 2 m (6ft) by 1 m (3ft 3in).
It is hardy to zone (UK) 9. It is in leaf 12-Jan It is in flower in June. The flowers are hermaphrodite (have both male and female organs) and are pollinated by Insects.Suitable for: light (sandy) and medium (loamy) soils and prefers well-drained soil. Suitable pH: acid soils and can grow in very acid soils.
It can grow in semi-shade (light woodland) or no shade. It prefers moist soil.

Synonyms
V. floribundum. H.B.K.

Habitats
Woodland Garden Sunny Edge;
Edible Uses
Edible Parts: Fruit.
Edible Uses:

Fruit - raw or cooked[11, 105]. Some forms are juicy, sub-acid and pleasantly flavoured[183, 196]. Highly esteemed[46]. The fruit is rather small, about 5mm in diameter[200].
Medicinal Uses
Plants For A Future can not take any responsibility for any adverse effects from the use of plants. Always seek advice from a professional before using a plant medicinally.



None known
Other Uses
None known
Cultivation details
Requires a moist but freely-draining lime free soil, preferring one that is rich in peat or a light loamy soil with added leaf-mould[11, 200]. Prefers a very acid soil with a pH in the range of 4.5 to 6, plants soon become chlorotic when lime is present. Succeeds in full sun or light shade though it fruits better in a sunny position[200]. Requires shelter from strong winds[200]. This species is not very frost tolerant, it succeeds outdoors only in the milder areas of Britain[182], where it grows well in woodland gardens[166]. Another report says that frosts can occur on almost any night at the higher elevations of its range, where it still grows and crops well. The days there, however, are generally warm or hot and so it is the longer lasting cold of winters in the temperate zone that can cause damage to the plant. The species is of special interest for its potential in breeding programmes where it could endow frost resistence to the flowers. Plants vary in height from almost prostrate shrubs to about 3 metres tall[196]. Dislikes root disturbance, plants are best grown in pots until being planted out in their permanent positions[200]. Although not usually cultivated, the fruit is widely sold in the local markets of Ecuador and Colombia[46, 183, 196]. It is an ingredient of a special dish with molasses, spices and other fruits that is eaten on All Soul's Day in S. America[183]. Plants in this genus are notably resistant to honey fungus[200].
Propagation
Seed - sow late winter in a greenhouse in a lime-free potting mix and only just cover the seed[78]. Stored seed might require a period of up to 3 months cold stratification[113]. Another report says that it is best to sow the seed in a greenhouse as soon as it is ripe[200]. Once they are about 5cm tall, prick the seedlings out into individual pots and grow them on in a lightly shaded position in the greenhouse for at least their first winter. Plant them out into their permanent positions in late spring or early summer, after the last expected frosts. Cuttings of half-ripe wood, 5 - 8cm with a heel, August in a frame[78]. Slow and difficult. Layering in late summer or early autumn[78]. Another report says that spring is the best time to layer[200]. Takes 18 months[78]. Division of suckers in spring or early autumn[113].

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Other Names
Found In
Weed Potential

Right plant wrong place. We are currently updating this section. Please note that a plant may be invasive in one area but may not in your area so it’s worth checking.

Conservation Status
IUCN Red List of Threatened Plants Status :
Related Plants
Latin NameCommon NameEdibility RatingMedicinal Rating
Vaccinium alaskaenseAlaska Blueberry20
Vaccinium amoenumLarge-Cluster Blueberry20
Vaccinium angustifoliumLow Sweet Blueberry, Lowbush blueberry31
Vaccinium angustifolium laevifoliumLow Sweet Blueberry30
Vaccinium arboreumFarkleberry21
Vaccinium arbusculaDwarf bilberry10
Vaccinium arctostaphylosCaucasian Whortleberry30
Vaccinium asheiRabbiteye Blueberry20
Vaccinium bracteatumSea Bilberry11
Vaccinium brittonii 10
Vaccinium caesarienseNew Jersey blueberry20
Vaccinium caespitosumDwarf Bilberry31
Vaccinium ciliatum 10
Vaccinium constablaeiHillside Blueberry30
Vaccinium corymbosumHigh-Bush Blueberry, American Blueberry, Swamp Blueberry, Blueberry41
Vaccinium crassifoliumCreeping Blueberry20
Vaccinium cylindraceum 20
Vaccinium darrowiiDarrow's blueberry10
Vaccinium deliciosumAlpine Blueberry, Cascade bilberry30
Vaccinium duclouxii 30
Vaccinium elliottiiElliott's blueberry10
Vaccinium erythrocarpumSouthern Mountain Cranberry30
Vaccinium formosumSwamp Highbush Blueberry, Southern blueberry30
Vaccinium fuscatumBlack Highbush Blueberry30
Vaccinium hirsutumHairy Huckleberry30
Vaccinium hirtum 10
Vaccinium japonicum 20
Vaccinium koreanum 10
Vaccinium leucanthum 10
Vaccinium macrocarponAmerican Cranberry, Cranberry31
12
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Expert comment
 
Author
Benth.
Botanical References
11200
Links / References
For a list of references used on this page please go here
Readers comment
 
Elizabeth H.
Tue Sep 29 2009

Neotropical

Elizabeth H.
James L. Luteyn Tue Sep 29 2009
Vaccinium mortinia Benth. is the synonym of V. floribundum Kunth not the other way around.

Neotropical Blueberries

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Subject : Vaccinium mortinia  

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