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Vaccinium corymbosum - L.
                 
Common Name High-Bush Blueberry, American Blueberry, Swamp Blueberry, Blueberry
Family Ericaceae
USDA hardiness 3-8
Known Hazards None known
Habitats Swamps, low wet woods, pine barrens and dry uplands[43].
Range Eastern N. America - Nova Scotia to Quebec and south to Florida..
Edibility Rating  
Other Uses  
Weed Potential No
Medicinal Rating  
Care
Fully Hardy Moist Soil Semi-shade Full sun

Summary
Bloom Color: White. Main Bloom Time: Early spring, Late spring, Mid spring. Form: Rounded.

Vaccinium corymbosum High-Bush Blueberry, American Blueberry, Swamp Blueberry, Blueberry


©Jeff McMillian. USDA Plant Database
Vaccinium corymbosum High-Bush Blueberry, American Blueberry, Swamp Blueberry, Blueberry
Britton, N.L., and A. Brown. 1913. An illustrated flora of the northern United States, Canada and the British Possessions. 3 vols. Charles Scribner's Sons, New York. Vol. 2: 700. Courtesy of Kentucky
   
Physical Characteristics
 icon of manicon of shrub
Vaccinium corymbosum is a deciduous Shrub growing to 2 m (6ft) by 2 m (6ft) at a medium rate.
It is hardy to zone (UK) 2. It is in flower from May to June, and the seeds ripen in August. The flowers are hermaphrodite (have both male and female organs) and are pollinated by Bees.The plant is not self-fertile.
Suitable for: light (sandy) and medium (loamy) soils and prefers well-drained soil. Suitable pH: acid soils and can grow in very acid soils.
It can grow in semi-shade (light woodland) or no shade. It prefers moist soil.

Synonyms
Habitats
Woodland Garden Sunny Edge; Dappled Shade;
Edible Uses
Edible Parts: Fruit.
Edible Uses: Tea.

Fruit - raw or cooked[2, 3, 43, 62, 161]. It is usually sweet and juicy, though the flavour can be variable[11]. It can be used in pies, pastries, cereals, jellies etc[183]. The fruit can also be dried and used like raisins[183]. The fruit is rich in vitamin C[201]. The fruit is about 15mm in diameter[200]. A tea is made from the leaves and dried fruit[101].
Medicinal Uses


Plants For A Future can not take any responsibility for any adverse effects from the use of plants. Always seek advice from a professional before using a plant medicinally.

Astringent;  Pectoral.

Astringent, pectoral[201].
Other Uses
None known
Cultivation details
Landscape Uses:Border, Massing, Seashore. Requires a moist but freely-draining lime free soil, preferring one that is rich in peat or a light loamy soil with added leaf-mould[11, 200]. Prefers a very acid soil with a pH in the range of 4.5 to 6, plants soon become chlorotic when lime is present. Succeeds in full sun or light shade though it fruits better in a sunny position[200]. Requires shelter from strong winds[200]. Hardy to about -25°c[184]. Often cultivated for its edible fruit in America[183], it is the most common and successful blueberry to be cultivated in Britain[11]. There are many named varieties[183]. A very variable plant, it usually blossoms freely in Britain[11]. Plants are at least partially self-sterile, more than one variety is required in order to obtain good yields of fruit[182]. Dislikes root disturbance, plants are best grown in pots until being planted out in their permanent positions[200]. Does not grow well with blackberries or raspberries[201]. Closely related to V. atrococcum and V. virgatum[182]. Plants in this genus are notably resistant to honey fungus[200]. Special Features:Attracts birds, North American native, Edible, Wetlands plant, Attracts butterflies, Attractive flowers or blooms.
Propagation
Seed - sow late winter in a greenhouse in a lime-free potting mix and only just cover the seed[78]. Stored seed might require a period of up to 3 months cold stratification[113]. Another report says that it is best to sow the seed in a greenhouse as soon as it is ripe[200]. Once they are about 5cm tall, prick the seedlings out into individual pots and grow them on in a lightly shaded position in the greenhouse for at least their first winter. Plant them out into their permanent positions in late spring or early summer, after the last expected frosts. Cuttings of greenwood, May/June in a shady position in a compost that contains some peat[113]. Cuttings of half-ripe wood, 5 - 8cm with a heel, August in a frame[78]. Slow and difficult. Cuttings of mature wood, harvested in November and stored in a fridge then planted in a frame in March. Layering in late summer or early autumn[78]. Another report says that spring is the best time to layer[200]. Takes 18 months[78]. Division of suckers in spring or early autumn[113].
Related Plants
Latin NameCommon NameEdibility RatingMedicinal Rating
Vaccinium alaskaenseAlaska Blueberry20
Vaccinium amoenumLarge-Cluster Blueberry20
Vaccinium angustifoliumLow Sweet Blueberry, Lowbush blueberry31
Vaccinium angustifolium laevifoliumLow Sweet Blueberry30
Vaccinium arboreumFarkleberry21
Vaccinium arbusculaDwarf bilberry10
Vaccinium arctostaphylosCaucasian Whortleberry30
Vaccinium asheiRabbiteye Blueberry20
Vaccinium bracteatumSea Bilberry11
Vaccinium brittonii 10
Vaccinium caesarienseNew Jersey blueberry20
Vaccinium caespitosumDwarf Bilberry31
Vaccinium ciliatum 10
Vaccinium constablaeiHillside Blueberry30
Vaccinium crassifoliumCreeping Blueberry20
Vaccinium cylindraceum 20
Vaccinium darrowiiDarrow's blueberry10
Vaccinium deliciosumAlpine Blueberry, Cascade bilberry30
Vaccinium duclouxii 30
Vaccinium elliottiiElliott's blueberry10
Vaccinium erythrocarpumSouthern Mountain Cranberry30
Vaccinium formosumSwamp Highbush Blueberry, Southern blueberry30
Vaccinium fuscatumBlack Highbush Blueberry30
Vaccinium hirsutumHairy Huckleberry30
Vaccinium hirtum 10
Vaccinium japonicum 20
Vaccinium koreanum 10
Vaccinium leucanthum 10
Vaccinium macrocarponAmerican Cranberry, Cranberry31
12
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Expert comment
 
Author
L.
Botanical References
1143200
Links / References
For a list of references used on this page please go here
Readers comment
 
Elizabeth H.
Ian Brown Sun Nov 15 2009
The most relevant book I know on V. Corymbosum and relatives is Blueberries, Cranberries and Other Vacciniums by Jennifer Trehane, RHS,2004 All the info relates to UK growing conditions. It is reliable, well judged and accurate. Research up to the date of this book indicated a wide range of health benefits. Propagation info http://www.blueberries.msu.edu/pdf/PropogatingHBberries.pdf and wide technical info from a couple of american university web sites is very good http://www.blueberries.msu.edu/

Blueberry Facts [University of Michigan] Blueberry Facts.

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Subject : Vaccinium corymbosum  
 

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