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Ulmus pumila - L.
                 
Common Name Siberian Elm, Hybrid elm
Family Ulmaceae
USDA hardiness 4-9
Known Hazards None known
Habitats Dry sandy or stony soils, pebbles of river valleys, slopes and occasionally on rocks[74]. Slopes, valleys and plains at elevations of 1000 - 2500 metres[266].
Range E. Asia - China, E. Siberia, Turkestan.
Edibility Rating  
Other Uses  
Weed Potential Yes
Medicinal Rating  
Care
Fully Hardy Well drained soil Moist Soil Semi-shade Full sun

Summary
Bloom Color: Green. Main Bloom Time: Early spring, Late spring, Mid spring. Form: Vase.

Ulmus pumila Siberian Elm, Hybrid elm


commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/User:Bruce_Marlin
Ulmus pumila Siberian Elm, Hybrid elm
commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/User:Luis_Fernández_García
   
Physical Characteristics
 icon of manicon of lolypop
Ulmus pumila is a deciduous Tree growing to 15 m (49ft) by 12 m (39ft) at a fast rate.
It is hardy to zone (UK) 3 and is not frost tender. It is in flower in April, and the seeds ripen in May. The flowers are hermaphrodite (have both male and female organs) and are pollinated by Wind.Suitable for: light (sandy), medium (loamy) and heavy (clay) soils and prefers well-drained soil. Suitable pH: acid, neutral and basic (alkaline) soils. It can grow in semi-shade (light woodland) or no shade. It prefers dry or moist soil and can tolerate drought. The plant can tolerates strong winds but not maritime exposure.

Synonyms

Habitats
Woodland Garden Canopy; Secondary;
Edible Uses
Edible Parts: Fruit;  Inner bark;  Leaves.
Edible Uses:

Leaves - raw or cooked[105, 177, 183]. Used as a potherb[218]. Inner bark - cooked. It can be dried and made into noodles[105, 177, 183]. The dried inner bark can also be ground into a powder and then used as a thickener in soups or added to cereal flours when making bread etc. Fruit - raw or cooked[105, 177]. Used when immature, it can be made into a sauce and a wine[183]. The fruit is about 10mm in diameter[200].
Medicinal Uses


Plants For A Future can not take any responsibility for any adverse effects from the use of plants. Always seek advice from a professional before using a plant medicinally.

Antibilious;  Antidote;  Demulcent;  Diuretic;  Febrifuge;  Lenitive;  Lithontripic;  Poultice.


The leaves are diuretic and febrifuge[218]. They are used as a pot herb and are then said to be antibilious, antidote and lithontripic[218]. The stem bark is demulcent, diuretic, febrifuge and lenitive[218]. It is mixed with oil and vinegar then used as a poultice on abscesses, mastitis and swellings[218].
Other Uses
Fibre;  Shelterbelt;  Wood.

A coarse cloth is made from the inner bark[149]. A fairly wind resistant tree, it can be grown as part of a shelterbelt planting[200]. Wood - hard, heavy, tough, difficult to split. Used for agricultural implements, boat making etc[149].
Cultivation details
Agroforestry Services: Windbreak;  Fodder: Bank;  Industrial Crop: Biomass;  Management: Coppice;  Management: Standard;  Minor Global Crop.

Landscape Uses:Firewood, Aggressive surface roots possible. Prefers a fertile soil in full sun[188], but is easily grown in any soil of at least moderate quality so long as it is well drained[1]. Succeeds in a hot dry position[200]. Established plants are drought resistant[11, 200]. Fairly wind-tolerant[200]. This species, or at least some of its cultivars[200], is resistant to 'Dutch elm disease', a disease that has destroyed the greater part of all the elm trees growing in Britain. The disease is spread by means of beetles. There is no effective cure (1992) for the problem, but most E. Asian, though not Himalayan, species are resistant (though not immune) to the disease so the potential exists to use these resistant species to develop new resistant hybrids with the native species[200]. The various species of this genus hybridize freely with each other and pollen is easily saved, so even those species with different flowering times can be hybridized[200]. Special Features:Not North American native, Invasive, Naturalizing, Inconspicuous flowers or blooms.
Propagation
Seed - if sown in a cold frame as soon as it is ripe, it usually germinates within a few days[200]. Stored seed does not germinate so well and should be sown in early spring[200]. The seed can also be harvested 'green' (when it has fully developed but before it dries on the tree) and sown immediately in a cold frame. It should germinate very quickly and will produce a larger plant by the end of the growing season[80]. When they are large enough to handle, prick the seedlings out into individual pots and grow them on in the greenhouse for their first winter. Plant them out into their permanent positions in late spring or early summer, after the last expected frosts. Plants should not be allowed to grow for more than two years in a nursery bed since they form a tap root and will then move badly. Layering of suckers or coppiced shoots[200].

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Other Names
Found In
Weed Potential

Right plant wrong place. We are currently updating this section. Please note that a plant may be invasive in one area but may not in your area so it’s worth checking.

Conservation Status
IUCN Red List of Threatened Plants Status :
Related Plants
Latin NameCommon NameEdibility RatingMedicinal Rating
Ulmus alataWinged Elm20
Ulmus americanaAmerican Elm, Gray Elm, Water Elm22
Ulmus davidianaJapanese Elm20
Ulmus glabraWych Elm, Table-top Scotch Elm, Scotch Elm32
Ulmus japonicaJapanese Elm21
Ulmus laciniata 20
Ulmus macrocarpa 21
Ulmus parvifoliaChinese Elm, Lacebark Elm21
Ulmus proceraEnglish Elm32
Ulmus rubraSlippery Elm25
Ulmus thomasiiRock Elm10
Ulmus villosaCherry Bark Elm10
Ulmus wallichiana 11
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Expert comment
 
Author
L.
Botanical References
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Links / References
For a list of references used on this page please go here
Readers comment
 
Elizabeth H.
Thu Apr 26 2007
Siberian Elm is considered an invasive exotic and is destroying natural ecosystems in twenty-four states. For more information see the National Park's "Least Wanted" website http://www.nps.gov/plants/alien/fact/ulpu1.htm

Least Wanted Plants - National Parks Service Why Siberian Elm should not be planted in most states.

Elizabeth H.
Dave christensen Tue Jan 20 2009
I live in northern mn and want to plant siberian elm i am in zone 3 most catalogs say it is hardy to zone 4 . Does anyone have any experience with this hedge?

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Subject : Ulmus pumila  

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