homebanner homebanner homebanner homebanner homebanner homebanner
Uapaca kirkiana - M?ll.Arg.
                 
Common Name Wild Loquat
Family Phyllanthaceae
USDA hardiness 10-12
Known Hazards None known
Habitats Lowland forest, secondary miombo woodland such as clearing and gaps, and open woodland. Grows in well-drained escarpments, with infertile sand or gravel soils of acidic reaction[303 ].
Range Tropical Africa - Angola, Burundi, Tanzania and the Congo.
Edibility Rating  
Other Uses  
Weed Potential No
Medicinal Rating  
Care
Tender Moist Soil Semi-shade Full sun

Summary
Wild Loquat or Uapaca kirkland is a tropical small tree about 5-12 m tall with a rounded crown and dark gray, rough bark. It can be evergreen or semi-deciduous. The branches are multiple and spreading and the bole is short and stout. The leaves are leathery, oval, and scattered or clustered at terminal branches. The flowers are greenish-yellow. The fruits are round and rusty-yellow. Root infusion is used in the treatment of indigestion and dysentery. The fruits can be eaten raw or cooked. It is fleshy, sweet, and delicious. It can also be made into wine, cakes, porridge. The tree is planted for soil erosion control, as a shade tree, and as an ornamental. The roots yield blue dye and the leaves are used as a cockroach repellent. The wood, being hard, durable and resistant to termite attacks, is ideal for general carpentry, furniture, house building, carvings and boxes, and many others. If not for the said uses, it is used as fuel and for making charcoal.

Uapaca kirkiana Wild Loquat


Steven Haw wikimedia.org
Uapaca kirkiana Wild Loquat
Ton Rulkens wikimedia.org
   
Physical Characteristics
 icon of manicon of cone
Uapaca kirkiana is an evergreen Tree growing to 12 m (39ft) by 12 m (39ft) at a medium rate.
It is hardy to zone (UK) 10. The plant is not self-fertile.
Suitable for: light (sandy) and medium (loamy) soils, prefers well-drained soil and can grow in nutritionally poor soil. Suitable pH: acid and neutral soils and can grow in very acid soils.
It can grow in semi-shade (light woodland) or no shade. It prefers moist soil.

Synonyms
Uapaca albida De Wild. Uapaca benguelensis M?ll.Arg. Uapaca goetzei Pax Uapaca greenwayi Suesseng. U

Habitats
Edible Uses
Fruit - raw or cooked[398 ]. Fleshy and sweet, it has a delicious flavour[398 ]. The fruit is commonly eaten fresh and is highly regarded[301 , 303 ]. It can also be used for brewing a very pleasant wine or for making cakes that are fried and eaten[301 ]. The juice of the fruit is mixed with sorghum meal to form a thin, orange-flavoured porridge[301 ]. The fruit pulp is juicy, honey-like, very tasty and somewhat reminiscent of pears[301 ]. Dried fruits have a toffee-like flavour[301 ]. The fruit is about 4cm x 4cm.
Medicinal Uses
Plants For A Future can not take any responsibility for any adverse effects from the use of plants. Always seek advice from a professional before using a plant medicinally.



An infusion made from the roots is used to treat indigestion and dysentery[418 ].
Other Uses
Agroforestry Uses: The tree is planted for erosion control, shade, shelter, living fence and as an ornamental. It forms a mutual association with mycorrhizae and act as a soil improver and is an important agro-forestry tree[418 ]. Other Uses A blue dye is made from the roots[303 ]. The leaves are used as a cockroach repellent in homes[303 , 418 ]. Wood is light with white sapwood and reddish-brown, figured heartwood. It is hard and durable, has a straight grain, saws clean and can be planed to a smooth finish. It glues well, holds nails firmly and takes a clear varnish finish. Suitable for general carpentry, house building and domestic utensils, furniture and joinery, carvings and boxes. It is termite resistant[303 ]. The wood is used as a fuel and to make charcoal[418 ]. Charcoal made from the wood is highly regarded, and many trees are cut specifically for this purpose[303 ]. It is also a good source of firewood[303 ].
Cultivation details
The plant is are found wild at an altitude of 500 - 2,000 metres in the tropics[303 ]. It grows best where the mean annual temperature is within the range of 18 - 24?c, though it tolerates 12 - 32?c. It prefers a mean annual rainfall of 700 - 1,500mm, but can tolerate 500 - 2,000mm[303 , 418 ]. Plants are very intolerant of frost[323 ]. Prefers a sunny position, tolerating light shade[418 ]. Tolerant of poor, shallow, gravel and sandy loam soils[303 ]. Normally found in acidic soils with a pH 4 - 6.5[303 , 418 ]. Dioecious - both male and female forms need to be grown if seed is required[303 ].
Propagation
Seed - needs to be sown fresh since it has a limited viability of about 3 weeks[303 ]. Germination is usually good, especially if the seed is scarified first[303 ]. Young seedlings need to be given some shade[303 ]. Division of suckers[303 ]. Cuttings

Books by Plants For A Future

Other Names
Hekela msuku, Kanono, Macunapa, Mahobohobo, Masuku, Matue, Mesange, Mguhu, Mgulu, Mgusu, Mkusu, Mompangwe, Msuku, Mtjunku, Mtoto, Muguhu, Musukuti, Umugusu,
Found In
Angola; Burundi; Congo, The Democratic Republic of the; Malawi; Mozambique; Tanzania, United Republic of; Zambia; Zimbabwe, Africa, Central Africa, East Africa, Sierra Leone, Southern Africa, Tanzania, West Africa.
Weed Potential

Right plant wrong place. We are currently updating this section. Please note that a plant may be invasive in one area but may not in your area so it’s worth checking.

Conservation Status
IUCN Red List of Threatened Plants Status : This taxon has not yet been assessed
Related Plants
Plant Suppliers: Click here for a List

      You can download this page as a PDF

Due to a fault in the PDF printer we are trying a few different options. Please try the one below

 

Print Friendly and PDF
Expert comment
 
Author
M?ll.Arg.
Botanical References
Links / References
For a list of references used on this page please go here
A special thanks to Ken Fern for some of the information used on this page.
Readers comment
 
QR Code

What's this?

This is a QR code (short for Quick Response) which gives fast-track access to our website pages. QR Codes are barcodes that can be read by mobile phone (smartphone) cameras. This QR Code is unique to this page. All plant pages have their own unique code. For more information about QR Codes click here.

1. Copy and print the QR code to a plant label, poster, book, website, magazines, newspaper etc and even t-shirts.
2. Smartphone users scan the QR Code which automatically takes them to the webpage the QR Code came from.
3. Smartphone users quickly have information on a plant directly for the pfaf.org website on their phone.
Add a comment/link

If you have important information about this plant that may help other users please add a comment or link below. Only comments or links that are felt to be directly relevant to a plant will be included. If you think a comment/link or information contained on this page is inaccurate or misleading we would welcome your feedback at admin@pfaf.org. If you have questions about a plant please use the Forum on this website as we do not have the resources to answer questions ourselves.

* Please note: the comments by website users are not necessarily those held by PFAF and may give misleading or inaccurate information.

To leave a comment please Register or login here All comments need to be approved so will not appear immediately.

Subject : Uapaca kirkiana  

Plant Uses

Edible Uses
Medicinal Uses
Other Plant uses
Woodland Gardening
Why Perennial Plants?
Top Edible Plants
Top Medicinal Plants
Garden Design
Habitats
Translations

Twiter      Facebook

Content

Content Help
Bookshop
Support Us
Blog
Links
Old Database Search
Suppliers
Contact
About Us
News
Sign In

PFAF Newsletter

Stay informed about PFAFs progress,
challenges and hopes by signing up for
our free email ePost. You will receive
a range of benefits including:
* Important announcements and news
* Exclusive content not on the website
* Updates on new information &
functionality of the website & database

We will not sell or share your email address.
You can unsubscribe at anytime.