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Typha orientalis - C.Presl.
                 
Common Name Broadleaf Cumbungi
Family Typhaceae
USDA hardiness Coming soon
Known Hazards None known
Habitats Ponds and riversides in lowland areas all over Japan[58]. In lakes, ponds, channels, swamps and slowly-moving rivers in northern China[266]
Range E. Asia - China, Japan to Australia.
Edibility Rating  
Other Uses  
Weed Potential No
Medicinal Rating  
Care
Wet Soil Water Plants Full sun

Summary

Typha orientalis Broadleaf Cumbungi


flickr.com/photos/31031835@N08/
Typha orientalis Broadleaf Cumbungi
   
Physical Characteristics
 icon of manicon of flower
Typha orientalis is a PERENNIAL growing to 3 m (9ft 10in) at a fast rate. It is in flower from May to August, and the seeds ripen from Jun to September. The flowers are monoecious (individual flowers are either male or female, but both sexes can be found on the same plant) and are pollinated by Wind.Suitable for: light (sandy), medium (loamy) and heavy (clay) soils. Suitable pH: acid, neutral and basic (alkaline) soils. It cannot grow in the shade. It prefers wet soil and can grow in water.

Synonyms
T. japonica.

Habitats
 Pond; Bog Garden;
Edible Uses
Edible Parts: Flowers;  Leaves;  Pollen;  Root;  Seed;  Stem.
Edible Uses:

Roots - raw or cooked[105, 153]. They are usually peeled before use[173]. The roots can be boiled and eaten like potatoes or macerated and then boiled to yield a sweet syrup. They can also be dried, ground into a powder and then used as a thickener in soups etc or added to cereal flours. Rich in protein, this flour is used to make biscuits, bread, cakes etc. The root contains a lot of fibre[193]. One way to remove this fibre is to peel lengths of the root that are about 20 - 25cm long, place them by a fire for a short while to dry and then twist and loosen the fibres when the starch of the root can be shaken out[193]. Young shoots in spring - raw or cooked[105, 173, 178, 193]. An asparagus substitute. Base of mature stem - raw or cooked. It is best to remove the outer part of the stem. Young flowering stem - raw, cooked or made into a soup[105]. Tastes like sweet corn. Seed - cooked. The seed is rather small and fiddly to utilize, but has a pleasant nutty taste when roasted. An edible oil is obtained from the seed. Due to the small size of the seed this is probably not a very worthwhile crop[K]. Pollen - raw or cooked[153, 173]. A protein rich additive to flour used in making bread, porridge etc[183]. It can also be eaten with the young flowers, which makes it considerably easier to utilize. The pollen can be harvested by placing the flowering stem over a wide but shallow container and then gently tapping the stem and brushing the pollen off with a fine brush[9]. This will help to pollinate the plant and thereby ensure that both pollen and seeds can be harvested[K]. Flowering stem - cooked. Tastes like sweet corn.
Medicinal Uses


Plants For A Future can not take any responsibility for any adverse effects from the use of plants. Always seek advice from a professional before using a plant medicinally.

Anticoagulant;  Astringent;  Diuretic;  Emmenagogue;  Galactogogue;  Haemostatic;  Miscellany;  Tonic.


The pollen is astringent, diuretic, emmenagogue, galactogogue, haemostatic and [176, 178]. The dried pollen is said to be anticoagulant, but when roasted with charcoal it becomes haemostatic[238]. It is used internally in the treatment of kidney stones, haemorrhage, painful menstruation, abnormal uterine bleeding, post-partum pains, abscesses and cancer of the lymphatic system[222, 238]. It should not be prescribed for pregnant women[238]. Externally, it is used in the treatment of tapeworms, diarrhoea and injuries[238].
Other Uses
Biomass;  Fibre;  Insulation;  Miscellany;  Paper;  Soil stabilization;  Stuffing;  Thatching;  Weaving.

The stems have many uses, gathered in the autumn they make a good thatch, can be used in making paper, can be woven into mats, chairs, hats etc[153, 173, 178]. They are a good source of biomass, making an excellent addition to the compost heap or used as a source of fuel etc. A fibre obtained from the leaves can be used for making paper[189] The leaves are harvested in summer, autumn or winter and are soaked in water for 24 hours prior to cooking. The fibres are cooked for 2 hours with soda ash and then beaten in a ball mill for 1½ hours. They make a green or brown paper[189]. A fibre is obtained from the blossom stem and flowers. A fibre obtained from the roots can be used for making string[193]. The hairs of the fruits are used for stuffing pillows etc[173]. They have good insulating and buoyancy properties and have also been used as a wound dressing and a lining for babies nappies.. The stems can be used to make rush lights. The outer skin is removed except for a small strip, or spine, running the entire length to give stability. The stem is then soaked in oil. The pollen is highly inflammable, it is used in making fireworks etc.
Cultivation details
Grow in a rich soil in boggy pond margins or shallow water to 15cm deep[1, 200]. Succeeds in sun or part shade[200]. Plants can be very invasive, spreading freely at the roots when in a suitable site[200]. Provides excellent cover for wildlife.
Propagation
Seed - surface sow in a pot and stand it in 3cm of water. Pot up the young seedlings as soon as possible and, as the plants develop, increase the depth of water. Plant out in summer. Division in spring. Very easy, harvest the young shoots when they are about 10 - 30cm tall, making sure there is at least some root attached, and plant them out into their permanent positions.
Other Names
Found In
Weed Potential

Right plant wrong place. We are currently updating this section. Please note that a plant may be invasive in one area but may not in your area so it’s worth checking.

Conservation Status
IUCN Red List of Threatened Plants Status :
Related Plants
Latin NameCommon NameEdibility RatingMedicinal Rating
Sparganium stoloniferum 11
Typha angustifoliaSmall Reed Mace, Narrowleaf cattail53
Typha bungeana 43
Typha davidiana 43
Typha domingensisSouthern Cattail43
Typha glaucaHybrid cattail40
Typha latifoliaReedmace, Broadleaf cattail, Bullrush, Nailrod53
Typha laxmannii 41
Typha minima 23
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Expert comment
 
Author
C.Presl.
Botanical References
158266
Links / References
For a list of references used on this page please go here
Readers comment
 
Elizabeth H.
david N Mon Apr 6 2009
I collected some roots from some plants in soil that had been allowed to dry up (plant raised in a large tub) they were not very impressive, mostly inedible fibre not a lot of flesh, perhaps they need to be in consistently wet or muddy soil.
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Subject : Typha orientalis  

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