homebanner homebanner homebanner homebanner homebanner homebanner
Triticum aestivum - L.
                 
Common Name Bread Wheat, Common wheat
Family Poaceae or Gramineae
USDA hardiness 10-12
Known Hazards None known
Habitats Not known in the wild.
Range Of uncertain origin, perhaps the Middle East or Armenia.
Edibility Rating  
Other Uses  
Weed Potential No
Medicinal Rating  
Care
Moist Soil Full sun

Summary

Triticum aestivum Bread Wheat, Common wheat


commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Illustration_Triticum_aestivum1.jpg
Triticum aestivum Bread Wheat, Common wheat
commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/User:David.Monniaux
   
Physical Characteristics
 icon of manicon of flower
Triticum aestivum is a ANNUAL growing to 1.5 m (5ft).
It is not frost tender. It is in flower from Jun to July, and the seeds ripen from Aug to September. The flowers are hermaphrodite (have both male and female organs) and are pollinated by Wind.Suitable for: light (sandy), medium (loamy) and heavy (clay) soils and prefers well-drained soil. Suitable pH: acid, neutral and basic (alkaline) soils. It cannot grow in the shade. It prefers moist soil. The plant can tolerates strong winds but not maritime exposure.

Synonyms
T. vulgare.

Habitats
 Cultivated Beds;
Edible Uses
Edible Parts: Seed.
Edible Uses:

Seed - cooked. The seed can be cooked as a whole grain but it is more usually ground into a powder and used as a flour for making bread, fermented foods, pasta, cakes, biscuits etc[1, 13, 34, 57, 183]. High in gluten, it is the most common flour used for making bread. The seed can also be sprouted and then added to salads or juiced to make a healthy drink[183]. A nutritional analysis is available[218].
Composition
Figures in grams (g) or miligrams (mg) per 100g of food.
Seed (Fresh weight)
  • 340 Calories per 100g
  • Water : 13%
  • Protein: 11.7g; Fat: 2.2g; Carbohydrate: 72g; Fibre: 2g; Ash: 1.7g;
  • Minerals - Calcium: 40mg; Phosphorus: 377mg; Iron: 3.5mg; Magnesium: 0mg; Sodium: 0mg; Potassium: 400mg; Zinc: 0mg;
  • Vitamins - A: 0mg; Thiamine (B1): 0.55mg; Riboflavin (B2): 0.11mg; Niacin: 4.8mg; B6: 0mg; C: 0mg;
  • Reference: [ 218]
  • Notes: The figures given here are the median of a range given in the report.
Medicinal Uses


Plants For A Future can not take any responsibility for any adverse effects from the use of plants. Always seek advice from a professional before using a plant medicinally.

Antibilious;  Antihydrotic;  Antipruritic;  Antipyretic;  Antivinous;  Sedative;  Skin;  Stomachic.


The young stems are used in the treatment of biliousness and intoxication[218]. The ash is used to remove skin blemishes[218]. The fruit is antipyretic and sedative[218]. The light grain is antihydrotic[176]. It is used in the treatment of night sweats and spontaneous sweating[176]. The seed is said to contain sex hormones and has been used in China to promote female fertility[218]. The seed sprouts are antibilious, antivinous and constructive[218]. They are used in the treatment of malaise, sore throat, thirst, abdominal coldness and spasmic pain, constipation and cough[176]. The plant has anticancer properties[218].
Other Uses
Biomass;  Mulch;  Paper;  Size;  Starch;  Thatching.

The straw has many uses, as a biomass for fuel etc, for thatching, as a mulch in the garden etc[13, 100, 141, 171]. A fibre obtained from the stems is used for making paper[189]. The stems are harvested in late summer after the seed has been harvested, they are cut into usable pieces and soaked in clear water for 24 hours. They are then cooked for 2 hours in lye or soda ash and then beaten in a ball mill for 1½ hours in a ball mill. The fibres make a green-tan paper[189]. The starch from the seed is used for laundering, sizing textiles etc[46, 61].
Cultivation details
Management: Standard;  Staple Crop: Balanced carb;  Under Development.

An easily grown plant, it prefers a sunny position in a rich well-drained soil. Wheat is widely cultivated in most parts of the world, but less so in Asia, for its edible seed[13]. There are many named varieties[183]. This is a hexaploid species. Grows well with maize and with camomile in small quantities[18]. Dislikes dogwood, cherry, tulips, pine and poppies[18].
Propagation
Seed - sow early spring or autumn in situ and only just cover the seed. Germination should take place within a few days[K].
Other Names
Ble, Frumento, Gahum, Gahun, Gahung, Gam, Gandham, Gandum, Gawn, Gehun, Gendum, Ghavum, Giun, Godamba, Godhi, Godhuma, Godumai, Godumbayarisi, Gom, Goodhumalu, Govum, Kanak, Kotanpam, Saatweizen, Tirigu, Trigo, Xaio mai, aabguwan, amylum tritici, blé, blé ordinaire, bread wheat, common wheat, dinkel, dinkel wheat, escanda, escaña, espelta, farro, froment, fructus tritici levis, frumento, frumento tenero, fu xiao mai, fuxiaomai, gam, gandum, gehun, godhuma, godumai, godumulu, hantha, hulled wheat, komugi, light wheat grain, mil, nishasta-e-gandum, pivla-potia, refined wheat-germ oil, saatweizen, spelt, spelt wheat, speltvete, spelz, trigo, trigo blando, trigo candeal, tritici aestivi oleum raffinatum, tritici aestivi oleum virginale, tritici amylum, tritici levis fructus, tritici levis semen, vete, virgin wheat-germ oil, weizen, wheat, wheat bran, wheat starch, wheat-germ oil, refined, wheat-germ oil, virgin, xiao mai, épeautre.
Found In
Africa, Afghanistan, Albania, Angola, Argentina, Armenia, Asia, Australia, Azerbaijan, Balkans, Bangladesh, Belgium, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Botswana, Britain, Burkina Faso, Burma, Burundi, Canada, Central Africa, Chad, China, Congo DR, Costa Rica, Croatia, Czech Republic, East Africa, Ecuador, Egypt, Ethiopia, France, Georgia, Germany, India, Indonesia, Iran, Italy, Japan, Kazakhstan, Kenya, Korea, Macedonia, Madagascar, Malawi, Mali, Mauritania, Mexico, Moldova, Morocco, Mozambique, Myanmar, Nepal, Niger, Nigeria, North Africa, North America, Norway, Pacific, Pakistan, Papua New Guinea, PNG, Peru, Philippines, Russia, Rwanda, SE Asia, Siberia, Somalia, South Africa, Southern Africa, South America, Sudan, Swaziland, Syria, Tajikistan, Tanzania, Tasmania, Thailand, Turkey, Uganda, Ukraine, USA, Uzbekistan, Vietnam, West Africa, Zambia, Zimbabwe,
Weed Potential

Right plant wrong place. We are currently updating this section. Please note that a plant may be invasive in one area but may not in your area so it’s worth checking.

Conservation Status
IUCN Red List of Threatened Plants Status : This taxon has not yet been assessed
Related Plants
Plant Suppliers: Click here for a List

      You can download this page as a PDF

Due to a fault in the PDF printer we are trying a few different options. Please try the one below

 

Print Friendly and PDF
Expert comment
 
Author
L.
Botanical References
17
Links / References
For a list of references used on this page please go here
A special thanks to Ken Fern for some of the information used on this page.
Readers comment
 
QR Code

What's this?

This is a QR code (short for Quick Response) which gives fast-track access to our website pages. QR Codes are barcodes that can be read by mobile phone (smartphone) cameras. This QR Code is unique to this page. All plant pages have their own unique code. For more information about QR Codes click here.

1. Copy and print the QR code to a plant label, poster, book, website, magazines, newspaper etc and even t-shirts.
2. Smartphone users scan the QR Code which automatically takes them to the webpage the QR Code came from.
3. Smartphone users quickly have information on a plant directly for the pfaf.org website on their phone.
Add a comment/link

If you have important information about this plant that may help other users please add a comment or link below. Only comments or links that are felt to be directly relevant to a plant will be included. If you think a comment/link or information contained on this page is inaccurate or misleading we would welcome your feedback at admin@pfaf.org. If you have questions about a plant please use the Forum on this website as we do not have the resources to answer questions ourselves.

* Please note: the comments by website users are not necessarily those held by PFAF and may give misleading or inaccurate information.

To leave a comment please Register or login here All comments need to be approved so will not appear immediately.

Subject : Triticum aestivum  

Plant Uses

Edible Uses
Medicinal Uses
Other Plant uses
Woodland Gardening
Why Perennial Plants?
Top Edible Plants
Top Medicinal Plants
Garden Design
Habitats
Translations

Twiter      Facebook

Content

Content Help
Bookshop
Support Us
Blog
Links
Old Database Search
Suppliers
Contact
About Us
News
Sign In

PFAF Newsletter

Stay informed about PFAFs progress,
challenges and hopes by signing up for
our free email ePost. You will receive
a range of benefits including:
* Important announcements and news
* Exclusive content not on the website
* Updates on new information &
functionality of the website & database

We will not sell or share your email address.
You can unsubscribe at anytime.