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Trillium sessile - L.
                 
Common Name Toadshade
Family Trilliaceae
USDA hardiness 4-8
Known Hazards None known
Habitats Rich woodlands, limestone districts, calcareous soils, floodplains, riverbanks, clayey alluvium, less fertile soils, high, dry limestone woods, persists under light pasturing, 100 - 300 metres[270].
Range Eastern N. America.
Edibility Rating  
Other Uses  
Weed Potential No
Medicinal Rating  
Care
Fully Hardy Moist Soil Full shade Semi-shade Full sun

Summary

Trillium sessile Toadshade


Trillium sessile Toadshade
   
Physical Characteristics
 icon of manicon of flower
Trillium sessile is a PERENNIAL growing to 0.4 m (1ft 4in) by 0.4 m (1ft 4in).
It is hardy to zone (UK) 4. It is in flower from May to June. The flowers are hermaphrodite (have both male and female organs) and are pollinated by Insects.Suitable for: light (sandy), medium (loamy) and heavy (clay) soils and prefers well-drained soil. Suitable pH: acid, neutral and basic (alkaline) soils. It can grow in full shade (deep woodland) semi-shade (light woodland) or no shade. It prefers moist soil.

Synonyms

Habitats
Woodland Garden Dappled Shade; Shady Edge; not Deep Shade;
Edible Uses
Edible Parts: Leaves.
Edible Uses:

Leaves - raw or cooked. The young unfolding leaves are an excellent addition to the salad bowl, tasting somewhat like sunflower seeds[183]. The leaves can also be cooked as a potherb[183].
Medicinal Uses


Plants For A Future can not take any responsibility for any adverse effects from the use of plants. Always seek advice from a professional before using a plant medicinally.

Miscellany;  Skin.

A poultice of the bruised leaves and crushed roots has been applied as a treatment for boils[257]. A decoction of the plant has been used to treat any kind of sickness[257].
Other Uses
Miscellany.

None known
Cultivation details
Prefers a deep well-drained woodland or humus-rich soil in a somewhat shady position that remains moist in the summer[1, 42]. Prefers a neutral to slightly acid soil[200]. Grows well in open woodland[1]. Succeeds in deep shade[188]. Succeeds in a sunny position if the soil does not dry out[42]. Any transplanting is best done whilst the plants are in flower[200]. Plants can flower in two years from seed[138]. The flowers have a scent similar to a butcher's shop[207]. Another report says that they are sweetly scented[245]. Some named varieties have been selected for their ornamental value[200]. Members of this genus are rarely if ever troubled by browsing deer or rabbits[233], though slugs are very fond of the leaves[238].
Propagation
Seed - best sown in a shaded cold frame as soon as it is ripe[134, 200]. Stored seed should be sown in late winter or early spring. Seed usually germinates within 1 - 3 months at 15°c. Another report says that seeds produce a root after the first cold stratification but no shoot is produced until after a second winter[138], whilst yet another report says that the seed can take 3 years to germinate[238]. The seedlings are prone to damp off and must therefore be watered with care and given plenty of fresh air[138]. The young plants need to be overwintered in a cold frame for the first year and can then be planted out in late spring. It is very important that the pots become neither too dry nor too wet[138]. Division with care when the plants die down after flowering[200]. Larger divisions can be planted out direct into their permanent positions. We have found that it is best to pot up smaller divisions and grow them on in light shade in a greenhouse or cold frame until they are growing away well. Plant them out in the following spring.
Other Names
Found In
Weed Potential

Right plant wrong place. We are currently updating this section. Please note that a plant may be invasive in one area but may not in your area so it’s worth checking.

Conservation Status
IUCN Red List of Threatened Plants Status :
Related Plants
Latin NameCommon NameEdibility RatingMedicinal Rating
Trillium erectumBeth Root - Indian Balm, Red trillium, Wakerobin, Purple Trillium23
Trillium grandiflorumWhite Trillium, Large Flower Trillium, White Trillium, Large Flower Wakerobin, Large Flowered Tril12
Trillium kamtschaticum 12
Trillium ovatumWakerobin, Pacific trillium, Oettinger's trillium, Hibberson's trillium11
Trillium pendulum 01
Trillium smallii 10
Trillium tschonoskii 12
Trillium undulatumPainted Trillium11
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Expert comment
 
Author
L.
Botanical References
200270
Links / References
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Subject : Trillium sessile  

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