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Torreya grandis - Fortune. ex Lindl.
                 
Common Name Chinese Nutmeg Tree
Family Cephalotaxaceae
USDA hardiness 7-10
Known Hazards None known
Habitats Woodlands, 1000 - 1600 metres[109]. Mountains, open valleys, often by streams, on yellow, red, and dark soils at elevations of 200 - 1400 metres[266].
Range E. Asia - C. and E. China.
Edibility Rating  
Other Uses  
Weed Potential No
Medicinal Rating  
Care
Frost Hardy Moist Soil Full shade Semi-shade Full sun

Summary

Torreya grandis Chinese Nutmeg Tree


Torreya grandis Chinese Nutmeg Tree
commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/User:Camphora
   
Physical Characteristics
 icon of manicon of cone
Torreya grandis is an evergreen Tree growing to 25 m (82ft 0in) at a slow rate.
It is hardy to zone (UK) 8. It is in leaf 12-Jan It is in flower in April, and the seeds ripen from Oct to November. The flowers are dioecious (individual flowers are either male or female, but only one sex is to be found on any one plant so both male and female plants must be grown if seed is required) and are pollinated by Wind.The plant is not self-fertile.
Suitable for: light (sandy), medium (loamy) and heavy (clay) soils. Suitable pH: acid, neutral and basic (alkaline) soils. It can grow in full shade (deep woodland) semi-shade (light woodland) or no shade. It prefers moist soil.

Synonyms

Habitats
Woodland Garden Secondary; Sunny Edge; Dappled Shade; Shady Edge; not Deep Shade;
Edible Uses
Edible Parts: Oil;  Seed.
Edible Uses: Oil.

Seed - roasted[46, 61, 63, 105, 183, 266]. An edible oil is obtained from the seed[266].
Medicinal Uses


Plants For A Future can not take any responsibility for any adverse effects from the use of plants. Always seek advice from a professional before using a plant medicinally.

Anthelmintic;  Antitussive;  Carminative;  Laxative.

The flowers are anthelmintic and carminative[218]. The seed is anthelmintic, antitussive, laxative and peptic[218].
Other Uses
Essential;  Oil;  Wood.

An essential oil is extracted from the aril (fruit)[266]. The wood is used in constructing buildings, bridges, and furniture[266].
Cultivation details
Management: Standard;  Regional Crop;  Staple Crop: Protein-oil.

Succeeds in ordinary garden soil, tolerating some lime[1]. Requires a sheltered position and either high humidity or a moist riverside soil[200]. Dislikes wind exposure[200]. Tolerates woodland shade very well[200]. Requires hot, very humid summers for best growth[200]. This species is not very hardy in Britain, it only succeeds outdoors in the milder areas of the country[1]. It succeeds outdoors at Kew[11], a tree was 8 metres tall in 1970[185]. The seed takes two summers to mature[229]. The edible seed of this very ornamental evergreen tree is often sold in local markets in China. Closely related to T. nucifera[200]. Plants are dioecious so both male and female plants are required if seed is to be produced. Occasional trees are monoecious with dioecious branches.
Propagation
Seed - best sown as soon as it is ripe in a cold frame. Some of the seed should germinate in the following spring though much of it might take another 12 months. Stored seed requires a period of cold stratification and can take 18 months or more to germinate. Prick out the seedlings into individual pots as soon as growth is observed and grow them on in light shade in the greenhouse for at least the next couple of winters, making sure to pot them on into larger pots as and when required. Plant them out into their permanent positions in early summer when the plants are at least 20cm tall. Cuttings of half-ripe shoots in late summer[1]. Cuttings do not grow well[11]. Layering.

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Other Names
Found In
Weed Potential

Right plant wrong place. We are currently updating this section. Please note that a plant may be invasive in one area but may not in your area so it’s worth checking.

Conservation Status
IUCN Red List of Threatened Plants Status :
Related Plants
Latin NameCommon NameEdibility RatingMedicinal Rating
Ephedra torreyanaMexican Tea, Torrey's jointfir23
Pinus torreyanaSoledad Pine, Torrey pine, Santa Cruz Island Torrey pine, Soledad pine, Torrey pine32
Torreya californicaCalifornia Nutmeg31
Torreya fargesii 20
Torreya jackii 20
Torreya nuciferaKaya, Japanese torreya52
Torreya yunnanensisYunnan Nutmeg Yew20
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Author
Fortune. ex Lindl.
Botanical References
11200266
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Subject : Torreya grandis  

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