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Styrax officinalis - L.
                 
Common Name Storax Tree
Family Styracaceae
USDA hardiness 8-11
Known Hazards None known
Habitats Dry rocky slopes, often on limestone, to 1500 metres[182]. Woods and thickets, also by streams[45].
Range Europe - E. Mediterranean.
Edibility Rating  
Other Uses  
Weed Potential No
Medicinal Rating  
Care
Half Hardy Moist Soil Semi-shade Full sun

Summary

Styrax officinalis Storax Tree


http://www.flickr.com/photos/jim-sf
Styrax officinalis Storax Tree
http://www.flickr.com/photos/jim-sf
   
Physical Characteristics
 icon of manicon of shrub
Styrax officinalis is a deciduous Shrub growing to 5 m (16ft) by 2 m (6ft) at a slow rate.
It is hardy to zone (UK) 9 and is frost tender. It is in flower in June, and the seeds ripen in October. The flowers are hermaphrodite (have both male and female organs)Suitable for: light (sandy) and medium (loamy) soils and prefers well-drained soil. Suitable pH: acid and neutral soils. It can grow in semi-shade (light woodland) or no shade. It prefers moist soil and can tolerate drought.

Synonyms

Habitats
Woodland Garden Secondary; Sunny Edge; South Wall. By. West Wall. By.
Edible Uses
Edible Parts:
Edible Uses: Condiment.

A highly perfumed balsamic gum is obtained from the branches and stems[183]. It is occasionally used as a condiment[183]. This gum is almost certainly the resin described below[K].
Medicinal Uses


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Antiseptic;  Expectorant.

A resin obtained from the stems of the plant is antiseptic and expectorant[11, 103, 240].
Other Uses
Beads;  Resin.

The fragrant resin 'storax' is obtained by wounding the stem[64, 89]. It is used medicinally, in perfumes, incense etc[11, 148]. The fruits are used as beads in rosaries etc[89, 148, 182].
Cultivation details
Requires a light lime-free soil in sun or semi-shade[11, 200]. If planted out when young into a planting hole that has been filled with a light lime-free soil the plants will successfully grow into the surrounding soil[11]. Prefers a warm sheltered position with protection from the morning sun[11]. Dislikes wet soils. Established plants are drought tolerant, they grow better in Britain when the summer is dry. This species is not very hardy outdoors in Britain. Dormant plants tolerate temperatures down to about -5°c[200] but the young growth is liable to be damaged by late frosts[11]. Succeeds in the milder parts of the country[1]. Plants were growing and fruiting well on a west-facing wall at Kew in 1992[K]. Plants do not flower freely unless in a warm sunny spot or on a south facing wall[182]. The flowers are very fragrant[219]. Plants in this genus are notably resistant to honey fungus[200].
Propagation
Seed - requires stratification and is best sown in a cold frame as soon as it is ripe[11]. Stored seed requires 3 months warm then 3 months cold stratification[113]. Germination is usually good, prick out the seedlings into individual pots once they are large enough to handle. Overwinter in a greenhouse for the first winter and plant out in late spring. Cuttings of half-ripe wood, July/August in a frame[113]. Layering in autumn.
Other Names
Found In
Weed Potential

Right plant wrong place. We are currently updating this section. Please note that a plant may be invasive in one area but may not in your area so it’s worth checking.

Conservation Status
IUCN Red List of Threatened Plants Status :
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Author
L.
Botanical References
1145200
Links / References
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Subject : Styrax officinalis  

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