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Stipa tenacissima - Loefl. ex L.
                 
Common Name Esparto Grass, Esparto
Family Poaceae or Gramineae
USDA hardiness 7-10
Known Hazards None known
Habitats Dry sandy calcareous or gypsaceous soils[50].
Range Europe - Spain to N. Africa.
Edibility Rating  
Other Uses  
Weed Potential No
Medicinal Rating  
Care
Frost Hardy Well drained soil Moist Soil Full sun

Summary

Stipa tenacissima Esparto Grass, Esparto


http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/User:Lumbar
Stipa tenacissima Esparto Grass, Esparto
http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/User:Xemenendura
   
Physical Characteristics
 icon of manicon of flower
Stipa tenacissima is a PERENNIAL growing to 1 m (3ft 3in).
It is hardy to zone (UK) 8 and is not frost tender. The flowers are hermaphrodite (have both male and female organs) and are pollinated by Wind.Suitable for: light (sandy), medium (loamy) and heavy (clay) soils and prefers well-drained soil. Suitable pH: acid, neutral and basic (alkaline) soils. It cannot grow in the shade. It prefers dry or moist soil. The plant can tolerates strong winds but not maritime exposure.

Synonyms
Macrochloa tenacissima. (L.)Kunth.

Habitats
 Cultivated Beds;
Edible Uses
None known
Medicinal Uses
Plants For A Future can not take any responsibility for any adverse effects from the use of plants. Always seek advice from a professional before using a plant medicinally.



None known
Other Uses
Fibre;  Paper;  Wax.

A fibre from the leaves and stems is used in making paper, mats, ropes etc[46, 57, 61, 103, 171]. It is very strong[1] and is particularly used in making high quality paper[171]. The leaves and stems are harvested in the summer, cut into usable pieces and soaked in clear water for 24 hours[189]. They are then cooked in lye for 2 hours and beaten in a bell mill. The plant is a source of a vegetable wax[57]. No further details.
Cultivation details
Industrial Crop: Biomass;  Industrial Crop: Wax;  Management: Hay;  Regional Crop.

Easily grown in an ordinary well-drained garden soil in full sun[1, 200]. Succeeds in dry soils. Plants are fairly wind resistant[K]. This species is not hardy in the colder areas of the country, it tolerates temperatures down to between -5 and -10°c[200]. The leaves of wild plants are often harvested and exported for their use in paper making[46].
Propagation
Seed - sow March in a greenhouse and only just cover the seed. Germination should take place within 2 weeks, but make sure that the compost does not dry out. Prick out the seedlings into individual pots when they are large enough to handle and plant them out in early summer. The seed can also be sown outdoors in April. Division in spring. Larger divisions can be planted out direct into their permanent positions. We have found it best to pot up the smaller divisions and grow them on in a lightly shaded position in a cold frame, planting them out once they are well established in the summer.
Other Names
Found In
Weed Potential

Right plant wrong place. We are currently updating this section. Please note that a plant may be invasive in one area but may not in your area so it’s worth checking.

Conservation Status
IUCN Red List of Threatened Plants Status :
Related Plants
Latin NameCommon NameEdibility RatingMedicinal Rating
Stipa splendensChee Grass00
Stipa vaseyiSleepy Grass01
Stipa viridulaGreen Needlegrass01
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Expert comment
 
Author
Loefl. ex L.
Botanical References
50200
Links / References
For a list of references used on this page please go here
Readers comment
 
Elizabeth H.
ali khouaja Mon Nov 13 2006
the harvest of the stipa tenacissima has to be out of flowering period the cellulose content changes from a season to another and from bioclimate to anither
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Subject : Stipa tenacissima  

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