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Spiranthes spiralis - (L.)Chevall.
                 
Common Name Autumn Lady's Tresses
Family Orchidaceae
USDA hardiness 5-9
Known Hazards None known
Habitats Hilly pastures, downs, moist meadows and grassy coastal dunes, usually on a calcareous substratum[17]. Dry hilly fields[4].
Range Europe, including Britain, south and east from Denmark to N. Africa and W. Asia.
Edibility Rating  
Other Uses  
Weed Potential No
Medicinal Rating  
Care
Fully Hardy Well drained soil Moist Soil Semi-shade Full sun

Summary

Spiranthes spiralis Autumn Lady


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Spiranthes spiralis Autumn Lady
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Physical Characteristics
 icon of manicon of flower
Spiranthes spiralis is a PERENNIAL growing to 0.2 m (0ft 8in) by 0.1 m (0ft 4in).
It is hardy to zone (UK) 6. It is in flower from Aug to September. The flowers are hermaphrodite (have both male and female organs) and are pollinated by Bees.Suitable for: light (sandy), medium (loamy) and heavy (clay) soils and prefers well-drained soil. Suitable pH: neutral and basic (alkaline) soils and can grow in very alkaline soils.
It can grow in semi-shade (light woodland) or no shade. It prefers dry or moist soil.

Synonyms
S. autumnalis. Rich. Ophrys spiralis. L.

Habitats
 Meadow;
Edible Uses
None known
Medicinal Uses


Plants For A Future can not take any responsibility for any adverse effects from the use of plants. Always seek advice from a professional before using a plant medicinally.

Aphrodisiac;  Homeopathy.

The tuberous root has been used as an aphrodisiac[4]. A tincture of the root is used as a homeopathic remedy[4]. It is used in the treatment of skin affections, painful breasts, pain in the kidneys and eye complaints[4].
Other Uses
None known
Cultivation details
See the plants native habitat for ideas on its cultivation needs[K]. Orchids are, in general, shallow-rooting plants of well-drained low-fertility soils. Their symbiotic relationship with a fungus in the soil allows them to obtain sufficient nutrients and be able to compete successfully with other plants. They are very sensitive to the addition of fertilizers or fungicides since these can harm the symbiotic fungus and thus kill the orchid[230]. This species is one of the commonest orchids in Britain, though it is often overlooked because it flowers so late. It sometimes naturalizes in lawns, especially where these overly a chalk substrate or a turf from chalky land has been used to make the lawn[230]. In the evening the flowers diffuse a penetrating almond-like perfume like heliotrope[245].
Propagation
Seed - surface sow, preferably as soon as it is ripe, in the greenhouse and do not allow the compost to dry out. The seed of this species is extremely simple, it has a minute embryo surrounded by a single layer of protective cells. It contains very little food reserves and depends upon a symbiotic relationship with a species of soil-dwelling fungus. The fungal hyphae invade the seed and enter the cells of the embryo. The orchid soon begins to digest the fungal tissue and this acts as a food supply for the plant until it is able to obtain nutrients from decaying material in the soil[200]. It is best to use some of the soil that is growing around established plants in order to introduce the fungus, or to sow the seed around a plant of the same species and allow the seedlings to grow on until they are large enough to move. Division in autumn. Make sure that you keep plenty of soil with each plant. It is also said to be possible to transplant orchids after they have flowered but whilst they are still in leaf.
Other Names
Found In
Weed Potential

Right plant wrong place. We are currently updating this section. Please note that a plant may be invasive in one area but may not in your area so it’s worth checking.

Conservation Status
IUCN Red List of Threatened Plants Status :
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Author
(L.)Chevall.
Botanical References
17200
Links / References
For a list of references used on this page please go here
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Subject : Spiranthes spiralis  

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