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Sium sisarum - L.                
                 
Common Name Skirret, Suikerwortel (Netherlands), Crummock (Scotland), Zuckewurzel (Germany)
Family Apiaceae or Umbelliferae
USDA hardiness 4-9
Known Hazards None known
Habitats Not known in a truly wild situation but found as an escape from cultivation in damp places[50].
Range Original habitat is obscure, possibly in E. Europe or Asia.
Edibility Rating  
Medicinal Rating  
Care
Fully Hardy Moist Soil Semi-shade Full sun

Summary       

Physical Characteristics       
 icon of manicon of flower
Sium sisarum is a PERENNIAL growing to 1 m (3ft 3in) by 0.4 m (1ft 4in).
It is hardy to zone (UK) 6 and is not frost tender. It is in leaf 11-Mar It is in flower in July, and the seeds ripen in September. The flowers are hermaphrodite (have both male and female organs) and are pollinated by Insects.The plant is self-fertile.
Suitable for: light (sandy) and medium (loamy) soils. Suitable pH: acid, neutral and basic (alkaline) soils. It can grow in semi-shade (light woodland) or no shade. It prefers moist soil.

Synonyms
Sium sisarum Skirret, Suikerwortel (Netherlands), Crummock (Scotland),  Zuckewurzel (Germany)


http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Illustration_Sium_sisarum0.jpg
Sium sisarum Skirret, Suikerwortel (Netherlands), Crummock (Scotland),  Zuckewurzel (Germany)
© Jaap Uilhoorn
   
Habitats
 Cultivated Beds;
Edible Uses                                         
Edible Parts: Root.
Edible Uses: Coffee.

Root - raw or cooked[2, 4, 14, 33]. Firm, sweet and floury[27] but with a small woody core[160, K]. The roots have a very acceptable taste raw, that is somewhat like a cross between carrots and parsnip but with a nutty flavour. They can also be boiled, baked or added to soups etc[183, K]. The roasted root has been used as a coffee substitute[46, 61, 183].
Medicinal Uses


Plants For A Future can not take any responsibility for any adverse effects from the use of plants. Always seek advice from a professional before using a plant medicinally.

Appetizer.

None known
Other Uses
None known
Cultivation details                                         
Prefers a light, rich, moisture retentive soil in full sun[1, 33, 37]. Requires an abundance of moisture in the growing season or the roots will be tough[27, 37]. Plants are tolerant of some shade[244]. Plants seem to be resistant to all insects and diseases[160]. Skirret was at one time often grown for its edible root but has fallen into virtual disuse[2, 50, 61]. This is a shame since the root is very tasty, easy to grow and relatively productive[K]. The form S. sisarum sisarum should be used, its root is fleshy and succulent, S. sisarum lancifolium. (Bieb.) Thell. is sometimes offered but is unlikely to produce roots of culinary quality[200].
                                                                                 
Propagation                                         
Seed - sow late winter to early spring in a cold frame[1, 33]. It can be slow to germinate. Prick out the seedlings into individual pots when they are large enough to handle and plant them out in the summer if they are large enough. Otherwise, grow them on in a cold frame for their first winter and plant them out in the following spring. The seed is best sown in early April in situ[1, 33]. Division in early spring just before new growth begins. Use the side roots to produce new plants[1]. Larger divisions can be planted out direct into their permanent positions. We have found it best to pot up the smaller divisions and grow them on in a lightly shaded position in a cold frame, planting them out once they are well established in the summer.
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Latin NameCommon NameEdibility RatingMedicinal Rating
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Carpesium glossophyllum 10
Carpesium triste 10
Cirsium acaulonStemless Thistle01
Cirsium amplexifoliumDakiba-Hime-Azami10
Cirsium arvenseCreeping Thistle, Canada thistle22
Cirsium brevicaule 10
Cirsium brevistylumIndian Thistle, Clustered thistle30
Cirsium buergeri 10
Cirsium chinense 10
Cirsium coreanum 10
Cirsium dipsacolepis 10
Cirsium eatoniEaton's Thistle11
Cirsium eduleEdible Thistle30
Cirsium eriophorumWooly Thistle20
Cirsium foliosumElk thistle30
Cirsium hookerianumWhite Thistle20
Cirsium japonicumNo-Azami, Japanese thistle22
Cirsium kamtschaticumKamchatka thistle10
Cirsium lepskyle 10
Cirsium lineare 10
Cirsium maackii 10
Cirsium maritimum 10
Cirsium nipponicum 11
Cirsium occidentaleCobwebby Thistle, Snowy thistle, Compact cobwebby thistle20
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Cirsium oligophyllum 20
12
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Expert comment                                         
 
      
Author                                         
L.
                                                                                 
Botanical References                                         
50200
                                                                                 
Links / References                                         
For a list of references used on this page please go here
Readers comment                                         
 
Paulo B.
Jun 27 2011 12:00AM
I grew easily this plant a few years ago, in a shade garden, and was very successful. It flowered extensively also. I like the taste of the root but can be a bit fibrous sometimes. I got seeds but unfortunately lost them. It's not so easy to get this plant, seeds or roots. I haven't tried cooked, but I assume it would be even more tastier. Nice addition to your forest garden.
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Subject : Sium sisarum  
             
                                        
                                                                                 
                                                                                 
   
 

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