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Scrophularia umbrosa - Dumort.
                 
Common Name Water Betony, Water figwort
Family Scrophulariaceae
USDA hardiness 6-9
Known Hazards The plant is probably poisonous to cows[76].
Habitats Damp shady ground, usually near water[4, 17]. An occasional garden weed[1].
Range Europe, including Britain, south and east from S. Sweden to France, Palestine and Asia to Tibet.
Edibility Rating  
Other Uses  
Weed Potential No
Medicinal Rating  
Care
Fully Hardy Moist Soil Wet Soil Semi-shade Full sun

Summary

Scrophularia umbrosa Water Betony, Water figwort


http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/User:Fornax
Scrophularia umbrosa Water Betony, Water figwort
biolib.de
   
Physical Characteristics
 icon of manicon of flower
Scrophularia umbrosa is a PERENNIAL growing to 1.5 m (5ft) at a fast rate.
It is hardy to zone (UK) 7. It is in flower from Jun to September, and the seeds ripen from Jul to September. The flowers are hermaphrodite (have both male and female organs) and are pollinated by Bees, wasps.It is noted for attracting wildlife.
Suitable for: light (sandy), medium (loamy) and heavy (clay) soils. Suitable pH: acid, neutral and basic (alkaline) soils. It can grow in semi-shade (light woodland) or no shade. It prefers moist or wet soil.

Synonyms
S. alata. S. aquatica. L. (name ambiguous). S. neesii.

Habitats
Woodland Garden Dappled Shade; Shady Edge; Bog Garden;
Edible Uses
Edible Parts: Root.
Edible Uses:

Root - cooked[2, 105]. There must be some doubts about the edibility of this root[K].
Medicinal Uses


Plants For A Future can not take any responsibility for any adverse effects from the use of plants. Always seek advice from a professional before using a plant medicinally.

Detergent;  Vulnerary.

The leaves are detergent and vulnerary[4]. They are harvested as the plant comes into flower and can be used fresh or dried for later use[4]. The plant has a good reputation as a wound herb, either applied externally as a poultice or taken as a decoction[4]. Water betony is said to have similar medicinal properties to the knotted figwort, S. nodosa[254]. These properties are as follows:- Knotted figwort is a plant that supports detoxification of the body and it may be used as a treatment for various kinds of skin disorders[254]. The whole plant is alterative, anodyne, anti-inflammatory, diuretic, mildly purgative and stimulant[4, 9, 21, 165]. It is harvested as the plant comes into flower in the summer and can be dried for later use[4]. A decoction is applied externally to sprains, swellings, burns, inflammations etc, and is said to be useful in treating chronic skin diseases, scrofulous sores and gangrene[4, 254]. The leaves can also be applied fresh or be made into an ointment[4]. Internally, the plant is used in the treatment of chronic skin diseases (such as eczema, psoriasis and pruritis), mastitis, swollen lymph nodes and poor circulation[238]. It should not be prescribed for patients with heart conditions[238]. The root is anthelmintic[9].
Other Uses
None known
Cultivation details
Succeeds in most moist soils. A good bee plant[4].
Propagation
Seed - sow spring or autumn in a cold frame[238]. When they are large enough to handle, prick the seedlings out into individual pots and plant them out in the summer. If you have sufficient seed then it can be sown outdoors in situ in the autumn or the spring. Division in spring. Larger divisions can be planted out direct into their permanent positions. We have found it best to pot up the smaller divisions and grow them on in a lightly shaded position in a cold frame, planting them out once they are well established in the summer.
Other Names
Found In
Weed Potential

Right plant wrong place. We are currently updating this section. Please note that a plant may be invasive in one area but may not in your area so it’s worth checking.

Conservation Status
IUCN Red List of Threatened Plants Status :
Related Plants
Latin NameCommon NameEdibility RatingMedicinal Rating
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Calceolaria arachnoidea 01
Calceolaria thyrsiflora 01
Castilleja linariaefoliaWyoming Indian Paintbrush12
Chelone glabraBalmony, White turtlehead03
Cymbalaria muralisKenilworth Ivy21
Digitalis ferrugineaRusty Foxglove02
Digitalis grandifloraLarge Yellow Foxglove02
Digitalis laevigata 02
Digitalis lanataGrecian Foxglove04
Digitalis luteaYellow Foxglove, Straw foxglove04
Digitalis purpureaFoxglove, Purple foxglove, Common Foxglove04
Euphrasia officinalisEyebright13
Gratiola officinalisHedge Hyssop02
Gratiola pedunculata 01
Hebe brachysiphon 00
Hebe dieffenbachii 00
Hebe 'Great Orme' 00
Hebe rakaiensis 00
Hebe salicifolia 01
Hebe speciosaNew Zealand hebe00
Hebe x franciscanaHebe00
Hemiphragma heterophyllum 21
Kickxia elatineFluellen, Sharpleaf cancerwort01
Lancea tibetica 02
Linaria canadensisBlue Toadflax01
Linaria vulgarisYellow Toadflax, Butter and eggs12
Mazus miqueliiMiquel's mazus10
Mazus pumilusJapanese mazus11
123
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Expert comment
 
Author
Dumort.
Botanical References
17
Links / References
For a list of references used on this page please go here
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Subject : Scrophularia umbrosa  

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