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Scopolia carniolica - Jacq.
                 
Common Name Scopolia, European scopolia
Family Solanaceae
USDA hardiness 4-8
Known Hazards This plant is probably fairly poisonous. The rhizomes contain potentially poisonous alkaloids that are similar to Atropa belladonna[200]. Adverse effects include visual disturbances, heat build up due to lack of sweating. Micturition disorders may occur with overdose. Contraindicated in close angle glaucoma, prostatic adenoma with residual urine, tachycardia, and gastrointestinal obstructions and any state where increased anticholinergic activity is harmful [301].
Habitats Moist rocky beech woods around 1000 metres[187, 200]. Damp stony places in hilly areas[4].
Range Europe - Austria, Hungary and Russia.
Edibility Rating  
Other Uses  
Weed Potential No
Medicinal Rating  
Care
Fully Hardy Well drained soil Moist Soil Full shade Semi-shade

Summary

Scopolia carniolica Scopolia, European scopolia


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Scopolia carniolica Scopolia, European scopolia
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Physical Characteristics
 icon of manicon of flower
Scopolia carniolica is a PERENNIAL growing to 0.6 m (2ft) by 0.6 m (2ft in).
It is hardy to zone (UK) 5. It is in flower from Apr to June. The flowers are hermaphrodite (have both male and female organs) and are pollinated by Insects.The plant is self-fertile.
Suitable for: light (sandy) and medium (loamy) soils and prefers well-drained soil. Suitable pH: acid, neutral and basic (alkaline) soils. It can grow in full shade (deep woodland) or semi-shade (light woodland). It prefers dry or moist soil.

Synonyms
Hyoscyamus chloranthus. Scopolina atropoides. Scopolina carniolica.

Habitats
Woodland Garden Dappled Shade; Shady Edge; not Deep Shade;
Edible Uses
None known
Medicinal Uses


Plants For A Future can not take any responsibility for any adverse effects from the use of plants. Always seek advice from a professional before using a plant medicinally.

Antispasmodic;  Hypnotic;  Mydriatic;  Narcotic.

The dried root is hypnotic, mydriatic and narcotic[4, 46, 61]. It causes a sleep that resembles normal sleep[4]. The medicinal activity of this plant resembles belladonna (Atropa belladonna) but it is more narcotic[46]. It is used internally in the treatment of chronic diarrhoea, dysentery, stomach ache and manic-depressive states[238]. A very toxic plant, it should only be used under the supervision of a qualified practitioner[238]. The root is harvested in the autumn and normally processed for extraction of the alkaloids which are used in the pharmaceutical industry[238]. The German Commission E Monographs, a therapeutic guide to herbal medicine, approve Scopolia carniolica for liver & gallbladder complaints (see [302] for critics of commission E).
Other Uses
None known
Cultivation details
Prefers a light, fertile, well-drained dry soil in a shady position[1, 200]. A very ornamental plant[1], it is occasionally cultivated for its medicinal uses[46].
Propagation
Seed - sow spring in a greenhouse[K]. The seed is best sown in the autumn[188]. Germination is quick and easy[K]. Prick out the seedlings into individual pots once they are large enough to handle and plant them out in the summer[K]. Division in spring[188]. Larger divisions can be planted out direct into their permanent positions. We have found it best to pot up the smaller divisions and grow them on in a lightly shaded position in a cold frame, planting them out once they are well established in the summer.
Other Names
Found In
Weed Potential

Right plant wrong place. We are currently updating this section. Please note that a plant may be invasive in one area but may not in your area so it’s worth checking.

Conservation Status
IUCN Red List of Threatened Plants Status :
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Author
Jacq.
Botanical References
50200
Links / References
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Subject : Scopolia carniolica  

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