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Scirpus lacustris - L.
                 
Common Name Bulrush
Family Cyperaceae
USDA hardiness 4-8
Known Hazards None known
Habitats Bogs, shallow pond margins, rivers and lakes, usually where there is abundant silt, in acid or calcareous conditions[1, 17].
Range Europe, incl Britain, south and east from Lapland to Africa and Asia. N. and C. America, Polynesia.
Edibility Rating  
Other Uses  
Weed Potential No
Medicinal Rating  
Care
Fully Hardy Moist Soil Wet Soil Water Plants Semi-shade Full sun

Summary

Scirpus lacustris Bulrush


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Scirpus lacustris Bulrush
http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:360_Scirpus_lacustris_L.,_S._setaceus_L.jpg
   
Physical Characteristics
 icon of manicon of flower
Scirpus lacustris is a PERENNIAL growing to 2.5 m (8ft 2in).
It is hardy to zone (UK) 4. It is in flower from Jun to August, and the seeds ripen from Aug to September. The flowers are hermaphrodite (have both male and female organs) and are pollinated by Wind.Suitable for: light (sandy), medium (loamy) and heavy (clay) soils. Suitable pH: acid, neutral and basic (alkaline) soils. It can grow in semi-shade (light woodland) or no shade. It prefers moist or wet soil and can grow in water.

Synonyms
Schoenoplectus lacustris. (L.)Pallas.

Habitats
 Pond; Bog Garden;
Edible Uses
Edible Parts: Leaves;  Pollen;  Root;  Seed;  Stem.
Edible Uses:

Root - raw or cooked[2, 85, 95, 183]. Rich in starch, it can be dried and ground into a powder or made into a syrup[13, 85, 95, 183]. The buds at the end of the rhizomes are crisp and sweet, making excellent eating raw[183]. Young shoots - raw or cooked[85, 183]. Used in spring. Seed - ground up into a powder and mixed with flour for use in making cakes etc[85, 183]. The seed is small and rather fiddly to harvest and utilize. Base of mature stems - raw or cooked. Somewhat tough[85]. Pollen - raw or cooked. Rich in pollen, it is mixed with flour and used in making cakes etc[85, 183].
Medicinal Uses


Plants For A Future can not take any responsibility for any adverse effects from the use of plants. Always seek advice from a professional before using a plant medicinally.

Astringent;  Cancer;  Diuretic.

The roots are astringent and diuretic[240]. They were formerly employed medicinally but have fallen into disuse[4]. This plant is a traditional medicine for cancer[218].
Other Uses
Paper;  Thatching;  Weaving.

The stems are frequently used for making matting, chair bottoms etc and thatching[1, 4, 23, 85, 100, 115]. They were at one time imported in large quantities for this purpose[4]. The pith of the stems is used in paper making[100].
Cultivation details
Succeeds in any wet to moisture retentive soil, pond margins and shallow water in full sun or shade[1, 200]. Plants can succeed in fairly deep water. Hardy to about -25°c[187]. Some named forms have been selected for their ornamental value[187].
Propagation
Seed - sow in a cold frame as soon as it is ripe in a pot standing in 3cm of water. Only just cover the seed with soil[200]. The seed usually germinates fairly quickly. Prick out the plants when large enough to handle and plant out in their permanent positions in early summer. Division in spring. Very easy, larger divisions can be planted out direct into their permanent positions. We have found it best to pot up the smaller divisions and grow them on in a lightly shaded position in a cold frame, planting them out once they are well established in the summer.

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Other Names
Found In
Weed Potential

Right plant wrong place. We are currently updating this section. Please note that a plant may be invasive in one area but may not in your area so it’s worth checking.

Conservation Status
IUCN Red List of Threatened Plants Status :
Related Plants
Latin NameCommon NameEdibility RatingMedicinal Rating
Scirpus acutusHard Stem Bulrush31
Scirpus affinis 20
Scirpus americanusAmerican Bulrush20
Scirpus caldwellii 00
Scirpus cyperinusWoolly Grass Bulrush, Woolgrass10
Scirpus fluviatilisRiver Bulrush21
Scirpus litoralisBulrush00
Scirpus maritimusSeaside Bulrush. Cosmopolitan Bulrush31
Scirpus medianus 00
Scirpus microcarpusPanicled Bulrush31
Scirpus nevadensisNevada Bulrush20
Scirpus paludosusBayonet Grass20
Scirpus subterminalisWater Bulrush20
Scirpus ternatus 10
Scirpus validusRiver Club-Rush21
Scirpus validus creberSoft-Stem Bulrush21
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Expert comment
 
Author
L.
Botanical References
17200
Links / References
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Readers comment
 
Elizabeth H.
P at Pickering Mon Nov 20 2006
Fascinating. I didn't realise rush had so many uses. I use it for chair seating. Are there any large areas of rush growing in (or near) South West Scotland? I've seen lots growing in Ireland, but, unfortunately, the cost of the ferry would make it uneconomic for me to harvest it there. Any information would be most gratefully received.
Elizabeth H.
Ken Fern, Plants for a Future. Tue Nov 21 2006
The easiest way of finding out if a specific plant is growing in your area is to visit your local library. They will either have a local flora of the area, or will be able to obtain one for you.
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Subject : Scirpus lacustris  

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