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Sambucus mexicana - C.Presl.
                 
Common Name Mexican Elder
Family Caprifoliaceae
USDA hardiness Coming soon
Known Hazards Although no specific mention has been seen for this species, the leaves and stems of some, if not all, members of this genus are poisonous[9, 76]. The fruit of many species (although no records have been seen for this species) has been known to cause stomach upsets to some people. Any toxin the fruit might contain is liable to be of very low toxicity and is destroyed when the fruit is cooked[65, 76].
Habitats Open flats and cismontane valleys and canyons below 1850 metres in California[71]. Oak forests along streams and ditches, 1800 - 3000 metres in Mexico[181].
Range South-western N. America - California to New Mexico, south to Mexico.
Edibility Rating  
Other Uses  
Weed Potential No
Medicinal Rating  
Care
Moist Soil Semi-shade Full sun

Summary
Sambucus mexicana is a Synonym of Sambucus nigra L. ssp. canadensis (L.) R. Bolli American black elderberry

Sambucus mexicana Mexican Elder


Sambucus mexicana Mexican Elder
   
Physical Characteristics
 icon of manicon of shrub
Sambucus mexicana is a deciduous Shrub growing to 1 m (3ft 3in). It is in flower from May to June. The flowers are hermaphrodite (have both male and female organs) and are pollinated by Insects.Suitable for: light (sandy), medium (loamy) and heavy (clay) soils. Suitable pH: acid, neutral and basic (alkaline) soils. It can grow in semi-shade (light woodland) or no shade. It prefers moist soil. The plant can tolerates strong winds but not maritime exposure.
It can tolerate atmospheric pollution.

Synonyms
S. caerulea mexicana. (Presl.)L.Benson. S. coriacea. S. orbiculata. S. velutina.

Habitats
Woodland Garden Sunny Edge; Dappled Shade; Shady Edge;
Edible Uses
Edible Parts: Flowers;  Fruit.
Edible Uses:

Flowers - raw or cooked[183]. Fruit - raw or cooked[257]. It is usually dried before being used since this reduces a somewhat rank taste[177, 181, 183]. The fruit can be used in making pies, preserves, winemaking etc[183]. The fruit is about 6mm in diameter and is borne in large clusters[227]. Some caution is advised, see the notes above on toxicity.
Medicinal Uses


Plants For A Future can not take any responsibility for any adverse effects from the use of plants. Always seek advice from a professional before using a plant medicinally.

Febrifuge;  Laxative;  Stomachic.

An infusion of the blossoms has been used in the treatment of upset stomachs, fevers, sore throats, colds and flu[257]. A decoction of the roots has been used in the treatment of constipation[257].
Other Uses
Dye;  Wood.

A purple to black dye is obtained from the fruits[257]. An orange to yellow dye is obtained from the stems[257]. Wood - soft and coarse-grained[227].
Cultivation details
We have very little information on this species and do not know if it will be hardy in Britain, though judging by its native range it should succeed outdoors in many parts of this country. It is closely related to S. caerulea[71]. The following notes are based on the general needs of the genus. Tolerates most soils, including chalk[200], but prefers a moist loamy soil[11, 200]. Grows well in heavy clay soils. Tolerates some shade but is best in a sunny position[1]. Tolerates atmospheric pollution and coastal situations[200]. Plants in this genus are notably resistant to honey fungus[200].
Propagation
Seed - best sown as soon as it is ripe in the autumn in a cold frame, when it should germinate in early spring. Stored seed can be sown in the spring in a cold frame but will probably germinate better if it is given 2 months warm followed by 2 months cold stratification first[78, 98, 113]. Prick out the seedlings into individual pots when they are large enough to handle. If good growth is made, the young plants can be placed in their permanent positions during the early summer. Otherwise, either put them in a sheltered nursery bed, or keep them in their pots in a sheltered position and plant them out in spring of the following year. Cuttings of half-ripe wood, 7 - 10cm with a heel, July/August in a frame[78]. Cuttings of mature wood of the current season's growth 15 - 20cm with a heel, late autumn in a frame or a sheltered outdoor bed[78].
Other Names
Found In
Weed Potential

Right plant wrong place. We are currently updating this section. Please note that a plant may be invasive in one area but may not in your area so it’s worth checking.

Conservation Status
IUCN Red List of Threatened Plants Status :
Related Plants
Latin NameCommon NameEdibility RatingMedicinal Rating
Sambucus australasicaYellow Elderberry20
Sambucus caeruleaBlue Elder42
Sambucus chinensisChinese Elder21
Sambucus ebulusDwarf Elder, Dwarf elderberry12
Sambucus gaudichaudianaWhite Elderberry20
Sambucus javanicaChinese Elder12
Sambucus latipinna 10
Sambucus melanocarpaBlack Elder, Rocky Mountain elder22
Sambucus microbotrysRed Elder10
Sambucus nigraElderberry - European Elder, Black elderberry, American black elderberry, Blue elderberry, Europea43
Sambucus nigra spp canadensisAmerican Elder43
Sambucus pubensAmerican Red Elder31
Sambucus racemosaRed Elder, Red elderberry, Rocky Mountain elder, European Red Elderberry32
Sambucus racemosa kamtschaticaRed Elder32
Sambucus racemosa sieboldiana 10
Sambucus racemosa var. racemosaRed Coast Elder32
Sambucus wightianaElder02
Sambucus williamsii 12
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Expert comment
 
Author
C.Presl.
Botanical References
71
Links / References
For a list of references used on this page please go here
Readers comment
 
Elizabeth H.
Cathy Sat Jun 5 00:33:56 2004
My mexican elder has been blown over by the wind the last 2 springs. Any suggestions on how to prevent this from happening again? I don't want it to damage my house.
Elizabeth H.
Joan Stevens Fri Jan 25 2008
Sambucus mexicana is much bigger than 1m! All over Southern California it's a small tree. I'd say closer to 2-3m
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Subject : Sambucus mexicana  

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