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Sambucus ebulus - L.
                 
Common Name Dwarf Elder, Dwarf elderberry
Family Caprifoliaceae
USDA hardiness 4-8
Known Hazards Although no specific mention has been seen for this species, the leaves and stems of some, if not all, members of this genus are poisonous[9, 76]. The fruit of this species has been known to cause stomach upsets to some people. Any toxin the fruit might contain is liable to be of very low toxicity and is destroyed when the fruit is cooked[65, 76].
Habitats Waste ground, woods, hedgerows and scrub. especially on calcareous soils[7, 13].
Range Europe, including Britain, from the Netherlands south and east to the Mediterranean and Himalayas.
Edibility Rating  
Other Uses  
Weed Potential No
Medicinal Rating  
Care
Fully Hardy Moist Soil Semi-shade Full sun

Summary

Sambucus ebulus Dwarf Elder, Dwarf elderberry


http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/User:Bogdan
Sambucus ebulus Dwarf Elder, Dwarf elderberry
   
Physical Characteristics
 icon of manicon of flower
Sambucus ebulus is a PERENNIAL growing to 1.2 m (4ft) by 1 m (3ft 3in) at a fast rate.
It is hardy to zone (UK) 5. It is in flower from Jul to August, and the seeds ripen from Aug to September. The flowers are hermaphrodite (have both male and female organs) and are pollinated by Bees, flies, beetles, self.The plant is self-fertile.
Suitable for: light (sandy), medium (loamy) and heavy (clay) soils and can grow in heavy clay soil. Suitable pH: acid, neutral and basic (alkaline) soils. It can grow in semi-shade (light woodland) or no shade. It prefers moist soil. The plant can tolerates strong winds but not maritime exposure.
It can tolerate atmospheric pollution.

Synonyms

Habitats
Woodland Garden Sunny Edge; Dappled Shade; Shady Edge; Ground Cover; Hedgerow;
Edible Uses
Edible Parts: Fruit.
Edible Uses: Tea.

Fruit - cooked. It is used as a flavouring in soups etc[177]. The fruit is about 6mm in diameter and is borne in large clusters[200]. Some caution is advised, see the notes above on toxicity. Leaves are used as a tea substitute[105, 177]. Some caution is advised, see the notes above on toxicity.
Medicinal Uses


Plants For A Future can not take any responsibility for any adverse effects from the use of plants. Always seek advice from a professional before using a plant medicinally.

Antiphlogistic;  Antirheumatic;  Appetite Suppressant;  Cholagogue;  Diaphoretic;  Diuretic;  Expectorant;  Homeopathy;  
Poultice;  Purgative.

The leaves are antiphlogistic, cholagogue, diaphoretic, diuretic, expectorant and laxative[4, 7, 9, 13, 21, 240]. The fruit is also sometimes used, but it is less active than the leaves[4]. The herb is commonly used in the treatment of liver and kidney complaints[4]. When bruised and laid on boils and scalds, they have a healing effect[4]. They can be made into a poultice for treating swellings and contusions[4]. The leaves are harvested in the summer and can be dried for later use[7]. The root is diaphoretic, mildly diuretic and a drastic purgative[4, 7, 9]. Dried, then powdered and made into a tea, it is considered to be one of the best remedies for dropsy[4, 240]. It should only be used with expert supervision because it can cause nausea and vertigo[9]. A homeopathic remedy is made from the fresh berries or the bark[9]. It is used in the treatment of dropsy[9].
Other Uses
Dye;  Hair;  Ink;  Repellent.

A blue dye and an ink are obtained from the fruit[13, 46, 61, 115]. The root juice is used to dye hair black[4]. The leaves are said to repel mice and moles[4, 115]. Plants make a dense ground cover when spaced about 1 metre apart each way[208]. They are best used in large areas, roadsides etc[208]. Our experience to date (1995) is that the plants spread vigorously but do not form a dense cover and so do not exclude other plants[K].
Cultivation details
Tolerates most soils, including chalk[200], but prefers a moist loamy soil[11, 200]. Grows well in heavy clay soils. Tolerates some shade but is best in a sunny position[1]. Tolerates atmospheric pollution and coastal situations[200]. A very invasive plant, sending up new shoots a metre or more away[K]. It can be used for naturalising in the rougher parts of the garden[233], growing well on rough banks etc[1]. The whole plant, when bruised, emits a most unpleasant fur-like smell[245]. The bark, in particular, smells like stale perspiration[245].
Propagation
Seed - best sown as soon as it is ripe in the autumn in a cold frame, when it should germinate in early spring. Stored seed can be sown in the spring in a cold frame but will probably germinate better if it is given 2 months warm followed by 2 months cold stratification first[78, 98, 113]. Prick out the seedlings into individual pots when they are large enough to handle. If good growth is made, the young plants can be placed in their permanent positions during the early summer. Otherwise, either put them in a sheltered nursery bed, or keep them in their pots in a sheltered position and plant them out in spring of the following year. Division of suckers in spring or autumn. Very easy.

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Other Names
Found In
Weed Potential

Right plant wrong place. We are currently updating this section. Please note that a plant may be invasive in one area but may not in your area so it’s worth checking.

Conservation Status
IUCN Red List of Threatened Plants Status :
Related Plants
Latin NameCommon NameEdibility RatingMedicinal Rating
Sambucus australasicaYellow Elderberry20
Sambucus caeruleaBlue Elder42
Sambucus chinensisChinese Elder21
Sambucus gaudichaudianaWhite Elderberry20
Sambucus javanicaChinese Elder12
Sambucus latipinna 10
Sambucus melanocarpaBlack Elder, Rocky Mountain elder22
Sambucus mexicanaMexican Elder21
Sambucus microbotrysRed Elder10
Sambucus nigraElderberry - European Elder, Black elderberry, American black elderberry, Blue elderberry, Europea43
Sambucus nigra spp canadensisAmerican Elder43
Sambucus pubensAmerican Red Elder31
Sambucus racemosaRed Elder, Red elderberry, Rocky Mountain elder, European Red Elderberry32
Sambucus racemosa kamtschaticaRed Elder32
Sambucus racemosa sieboldiana 10
Sambucus racemosa var. racemosaRed Coast Elder32
Sambucus wightianaElder02
Sambucus williamsii 12
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Subject : Sambucus ebulus  

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