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Salvia multiorrhiza - Bunge.
                 
Common Name Dan Shen
Family Lamiaceae or Labiatae
USDA hardiness 5-9
Known Hazards None known
Habitats Light woodland and clearings[187]. Sunny sides of hills and stream edges[147].
Range E. Asia - N.E. China.
Edibility Rating  
Other Uses  
Weed Potential No
Medicinal Rating  
Care
Fully Hardy Well drained soil Moist Soil Full sun

Summary

Salvia multiorrhiza Dan Shen


Salvia multiorrhiza Dan Shen
   
Physical Characteristics
 icon of manicon of flower
Salvia multiorrhiza is a PERENNIAL growing to 0.6 m (2ft) by 0.3 m (1ft in).
It is hardy to zone (UK) 6. It is in flower from Jun to September. The flowers are hermaphrodite (have both male and female organs) and are pollinated by Bees.Suitable for: light (sandy) and medium (loamy) soils and prefers well-drained soil. Suitable pH: acid, neutral and basic (alkaline) soils. It cannot grow in the shade. It prefers dry or moist soil.

Synonyms

Habitats
Woodland Garden Sunny Edge;
Edible Uses
Edible Parts: Seed.
Edible Uses:

None known
Medicinal Uses


Plants For A Future can not take any responsibility for any adverse effects from the use of plants. Always seek advice from a professional before using a plant medicinally.

Adaptogen;  Alterative;  Anticholesterolemic;  Antirheumatic;  Antiseptic;  Antispasmodic;  Astringent;  Cancer;  
Emmenagogue;  Hepatic;  Sedative;  Tonic;  Vulnerary.

Dan Shen has long been used in Chinese medicine and recent research has confirmed the validity of its use in the treatment of heart and circulatory problems[254]. The root is adaptogen, alterative, anticholesterolemic, antirheumatic, antiseptic, antispasmodic, astringent, emmenagogue, hepatic, sedative, tonic and vulnerary[147, 176, 178, 218]. It acts mainly on the heart energy, removing excess heat and clearing stagnation[238]. Its use improves the micro-circulation, increases blood flow to the coronary artery, improves myocardial contraction and adjusts the heart rate[176]. It has an antibacterial action, inhibiting the growth of Pseudomonas, E. coli, Vibrio Proteus, Bacillus typhi, Shigella dysenteriae, Shigella flexneri, Staphylococcus aureus etc[176]. It is used internally in the treatment of coronary heart disease, poor circulation, palpitations, irritability, insomnia, breast abscesses, mastitis, ulcers, boils, sores, bruises, menstrual problems and post-natal pains[238]. 'Praised for its alleged medicinal qualities, including a cure for cancer'[187]. The roots are harvested in the autumn and early winter and are dried for later use[238].
Other Uses
None known
Cultivation details
Requires a very well-drained light sandy soil in a sunny position[200]. Prefers a rich soil[1]. Plants can be killed by excessive winter wet[200]. Members of this genus are rarely if ever troubled by browsing deer[233].
Propagation
Seed - sow March/April in a greenhouse[200]. Germination usually takes place within 2 weeks. Prick out the seedlings into individual pots when they are large enough to handle and plant them out in early summer. In areas where the plant is towards the limits of its hardiness, it is best to grow the plants on in a greenhouse for their first winter and plant them out in late spring of the following year. Cuttings of half-ripe wood succeed at almost any time in the growing season[200].
Other Names
Found In
Weed Potential

Right plant wrong place. We are currently updating this section. Please note that a plant may be invasive in one area but may not in your area so it’s worth checking.

Conservation Status
IUCN Red List of Threatened Plants Status :
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Salvia elegansPineapple Sage, Pineapple-scented Sage,10
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Salvia japonica 10
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Salvia melliferaCalifornian Black Sage12
Salvia microphyllaBlackcurrant Sage22
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Salvia multicaulis 10
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Salvia plebeia 11
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12
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Expert comment
 
Author
Bunge.
Botanical References
Links / References
For a list of references used on this page please go here
Readers comment
 
Elizabeth H.
K Patmore Tue Nov 20 2007
Just a quick amendment needed. The correct spelling for this plant is Salvia miltiorhiza(i instead of u and only one r)according to RHS plant finder and Kew world checklist.

Kew World Checklist: Salvia

Elizabeth H.
grace del prado Wed May 21 2008
what is the English name of salvia multiorrhiza?
Elizabeth H.
Heino Konrad Mon Dec 29 2008
Correct name is Salvia miltiorrhiza!
Elizabeth H.
Stephanie Williams Mon Nov 30 2009
The currently accepted name for this plant is Salvia miltiorrhiza Bunge Enum. pl. China bor. 50. 1833 (Mém. Acad. Imp. Sci. St.-Pétersbourg Divers Savans 2:124. 1835) as verified by Germplasm Resources Information Network at the Missouri Botanic Gardens) Thanks Stephanie Williams Medical Herbalist
Michael B.
Feb 7 2011 12:00AM
grace del prado Red Sage is a name often used; the medicinal roots are red (I think! have yet to dig mine up to check) It does seem to like more water than many other sages esp Offic.
Michael Bailes
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Subject : Salvia multiorrhiza  

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