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Ranunculus repens - L.
                 
Common Name Creeping Buttercup, Prairie Double-flowered Buttercup, Water Buttercup, Creeping Buttercup
Family Ranunculaceae
USDA hardiness 3-8
Known Hazards All parts of the plant are poisonous[19], the toxins being destroyed by heat or by drying[65]. The plant also has a strongly acrid juice that can cause blistering to the skin[65, 183].
Habitats Wet meadows, pastures, woods, dune slacks etc[19]. A common and rampant weed, avoiding acid soils[19].
Range Europe, including Britain, from Norway south and east to Spain, through Asia to China and Japan.
Edibility Rating  
Other Uses  
Weed Potential Yes
Medicinal Rating  
Care
Moist Soil Semi-shade Full sun

Summary
Bloom Color: Yellow. Main Bloom Time: Early summer, Early fall, Late summer, Late spring, Mid summer. Form: Spreading or horizontal, Upright or erect.

Ranunculus repens Creeping Buttercup, Prairie Double-flowered Buttercup, Water Buttercup,  Creeping Buttercup


http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Cleaned-Illustration_Ranunculus_repens.jpg
Ranunculus repens Creeping Buttercup, Prairie Double-flowered Buttercup, Water Buttercup,  Creeping Buttercup
http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/User:Sannse
   
Physical Characteristics
 icon of manicon of flower
Ranunculus repens is a PERENNIAL growing to 0.3 m (1ft) by 1 m (3ft 3in) at a fast rate.
It is not frost tender. It is in flower from May to August. The flowers are hermaphrodite (have both male and female organs) and are pollinated by Bees, flies, beetles.Suitable for: light (sandy), medium (loamy) and heavy (clay) soils and can grow in heavy clay soil. Suitable pH: acid, neutral and basic (alkaline) soils. It can grow in semi-shade (light woodland) or no shade. It prefers moist soil.

Synonyms

Habitats
Woodland Garden Dappled Shade; Shady Edge; Meadow;
Edible Uses
Edible Parts: Leaves;  Root.
Edible Uses:

Leaves - cooked and used as a pot-herb[2, 105]. A famine food, used when all else fails, and I would rather give it a miss even then[K]! See the notes above on toxicity. Root - must be dried beforehand and thoroughly cooked[118]. Personally, I would rather give this one a miss[K], see the notes above on toxicity.
Medicinal Uses


Plants For A Future can not take any responsibility for any adverse effects from the use of plants. Always seek advice from a professional before using a plant medicinally.

Analgesic;  Rubefacient.

The entire plant is analgesic and rubefacient[257]. A poultice of the chewed leaves has been used in the treatment of sores, muscular aches and rheumatic pains[257]. Some caution is advised in the use of this plant, see the notes above on toxicity.
Other Uses
None known
Cultivation details
Landscape Uses:Ground cover, Woodland garden. Prefers a moist loamy soil on the heavy side. A rampantly spreading weed of grassland, few gardeners would want to introduce it to their land[K]. A greedy plant, inhibiting the growth of nearby plants, especially legumes[54]. Special Features:Attractive foliage, North American native, Invasive, Naturalizing, Wetlands plant, Extended bloom season in Zones 9A and above.
Propagation
Seed - sow spring in a cold frame. A very common weed, it doesn't really need any help from us. Division in spring. Very easy, though probably totally unnecessary, larger divisions can be planted out direct into their permanent positions.

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Other Names
Found In
Weed Potential

Right plant wrong place. We are currently updating this section. Please note that a plant may be invasive in one area but may not in your area so it’s worth checking.

Conservation Status
IUCN Red List of Threatened Plants Status :
Related Plants
Latin NameCommon NameEdibility RatingMedicinal Rating
Ranunculus acrisMeadow Buttercup, Tall buttercup, Showy buttercup12
Ranunculus aquatilisWater Crowfoot, White water crowfoot11
Ranunculus arvensisCorn Buttercup01
Ranunculus bulbosusBulbous Buttercup, St. Anthony's turnip12
Ranunculus californicusCalifornia Buttercup10
Ranunculus chinensisHui Hui Suan10
Ranunculus ficariaLesser Celandine - Pilewort, Fig buttercup12
Ranunculus flammulaLesser Spearwort, Greater creeping spearwort01
Ranunculus hirtus 01
Ranunculus inamoeusGraceful Buttercup10
Ranunculus japonicusMao Gen11
Ranunculus kochii 10
Ranunculus muricatusRough-Seed Buttercup, Spinyfruit buttercup01
Ranunculus nipponicus 10
Ranunculus occidentalisWestern Buttercup10
Ranunculus pallasiiButtercup, Pallas' buttercup10
Ranunculus pennsylvanicusPennsylvania Buttercup11
Ranunculus quelpaertensis 10
Ranunculus reptansCreeping Spearwort10
Ranunculus rivularis 01
Ranunculus sceleratusCelery-Leaved Buttercup, Cursed buttercup11
Ranunculus tachreoi 10
Ranunculus ternatus 01
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Expert comment
 
Author
L.
Botanical References
17
Links / References
For a list of references used on this page please go here
Readers comment
 
Elizabeth H.
sylvia stewart Fri Jul 13 2007
i had heard that this plant was poisonous to soil bacteria, and wondered if it is safe to put o n the compost heap after thorough drying or should it just be binned. I am a great believer in drying perennial weed roots# to return some of the nutrition they have absorbed back into the soil via the compost bin. Can you advise, Thankyou
Elizabeth H.
... Sun Dec 2 2007
I've been putting buttercups in the compost heap with no problems getting the pile to heat up and compost.
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Subject : Ranunculus repens  

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