homebanner homebanner homebanner homebanner homebanner homebanner
Quillaja saponaria - Molina.
                 
Common Name Soap-Bark Tree, Soapbark
Family Rosaceae
USDA hardiness 9-11
Known Hazards The plant is toxic if taken internally, tending to dissolve the blood corpuscles[171]. The bark, and possibly other parts of the plant, contains saponins[4]. Although toxic, saponins are very poorly absorbed by the body and so tend to pass through without causing harm, they are also destroyed by thorough cooking. Saponins are found in many plants, including several that are often used for food, such as certain beans. It is advisable not to eat large quantities of food that contain saponins. Saponins are much more toxic to some creatures, such as fish, and hunting tribes have traditionally put large quantities of them in streams, lakes etc in order to stupefy or kill the fish[K].
Habitats Mountainous regions on the western slopes of the Andes[169, 171].
Range S. America - Chile, Peru.
Edibility Rating  
Other Uses  
Weed Potential No
Medicinal Rating  
Care
Tender Moist Soil Full sun

Summary

Quillaja saponaria Soap-Bark Tree, Soapbark


http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Koeh-119.jpg
Quillaja saponaria Soap-Bark Tree, Soapbark
http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/User:Penarc
   
Physical Characteristics
 icon of manicon of cone
Quillaja saponaria is an evergreen Tree growing to 18 m (59ft) by 6 m (19ft) at a slow rate.
It is hardy to zone (UK) 10 and is frost tender. It is in leaf 12-Jan It is in flower from Apr to May. The flowers are hermaphrodite (have both male and female organs) and are pollinated by Insects.Suitable for: light (sandy), medium (loamy) and heavy (clay) soils and prefers well-drained soil. Suitable pH: acid, neutral and basic (alkaline) soils. It cannot grow in the shade. It prefers moist soil.

Synonyms

Habitats
Woodland Garden Secondary; Sunny Edge; South Wall. By. West Wall. By.
Edible Uses
None known
Medicinal Uses


Plants For A Future can not take any responsibility for any adverse effects from the use of plants. Always seek advice from a professional before using a plant medicinally.

Antiseborrheic;  Expectorant;  Skin;  Stimulant.

Soap bark tree has a long history of medicinal use with the Andean people who used it especially as a treatment for various chest problems[254]. The saponin content of the bark helps to stimulate the production of a more fluid mucous in the airways, thus facilitating the removal of phlegm through coughing[254]. The tree is useful for treating any condition featuring congested catarrh within the chest, but it should not be used for dry irritable coughs[254]. The inner bark contains about 9% of complex saponins, known collectively as 'quillajasaponin'[238]. It also contains calcium oxalate and tannin[238]. It has been used internally as a stimulating expectorant, though it can cause irritation and inflammation of the digestive tract and so is no longer considered safe[4, 238]. The internal use of this plant needs to be carefully overseen by a professional practitioner[254]. Sap bark tree is used as a source of compounds for the pharmaceutical industry[238]. It is still used externally as a cutaneous stimulant in the treatment of skin ulcers and eruptions, dandruff etc[171, 238].
Other Uses
Hair;  Soap.

The fresh or dried inner bark is a soap substitute[4, 169, 171]. It contains about 9% saponins and is a very gentle and effective cleaner[169, 171]. It is used for cleaning textiles and the skin[1, 46, 169, 171]. It can also be used as a hair tonic[169, 171]. The saponins are also used in anti-dandruff shampoos and exfoliant cleansers[238]. They are used as a foaming agent in fire extinguishers[238]. The bark also contains considerable quantities of carbonate of lime[1].
Cultivation details
Requires a well-drained fertile soil in a sunny position[200]. Plants are hardy to about -12°c in their natural range in South America[166] but they usually require greenhouse protection in Britain[1]. They can succeed outdoors in the milder areas of this country, often as small shrubs but making a tree in the very mildest areas[166]. The young growth in spring can be damaged by late frosts, so it is best to site the plant in a position sheltered from the early morning sun. This species is cultivated for the saponins in its bark in some warm temperate areas of the world[238].
Propagation
Seed - sow spring in a greenhouse. Prick out the seedlings into individual pots when they are large enough to handle and grow them on in the greenhouse for at least their first winter. Plant out in early summer and give some protection from the cold for at least their first winter outdoors. Cuttings of fully ripe wood of the current year's growth, November in a frame[238].
Other Names
Found In
Weed Potential

Right plant wrong place. We are currently updating this section. Please note that a plant may be invasive in one area but may not in your area so it’s worth checking.

Conservation Status
IUCN Red List of Threatened Plants Status :
Related Plants
Plant Suppliers: Click here for a List

      You can download this page as a PDF

Due to a fault in the PDF printer we are trying a few different options. Please try the one below

 

Print Friendly and PDF
Expert comment
 
Author
Molina.
Botanical References
200
Links / References
For a list of references used on this page please go here
Readers comment
 
Elizabeth H.
Maurice Jaccard Mon Nov 18 17:47:56 2002
We are import-export company in geneva switzerland, ans we client interested into pannama wood for cosmetic purpose, are manufacturer, could quote for us price for 1 tonne of Kilaya Thanks Maurice Jaccard for TEVA LTD Geneva
Elizabeth H.
hector pinto miranda Mon May 17 00:10:33 2004
QSM CHILE LTDA. PRODUCE SAPONINAS DE QUILLAY DE DIFERENTES PUREZAS, USOS Y PRECIOS. estaremos encantados de enviarles las especificaciones de los productos que fabricamos.

FAVOR ENVIAR CONSULTA y datos A Hector Pinto Miranda, santiago de chile, sudamèrica :hdmp@terra.cl

Elizabeth H.
Tue Jun 29 23:25:47 2004
We would like to offer Killaja Saponaria concentrated to 30%, as well as Quinoa saponine concentrated to 70%. 1 kilo = $US 750.- CIF any airport destination in UE.email to info@quinoafoods.com
Elizabeth H.
Chris Parsons Wed Mar 8 2006
Dear Sir I was appalled to note that "tescos" include this substance in a drink they sell known as "cream soda" I would be most interested in your comments on this matter, bearing in mind its protoplasmic toxin proprerties Regards Chris Parsons ( non cream soda drinker )
Elizabeth H.
Khaled Badran Sun Sep 7 2008
Dear Sir, Will you guide me where to get or bye Quillaia Saponaria barks from ( Source)
Elizabeth H.
Wed Sep 3 2008
Dear Sir , we use quillaia Saponaria bark for educational and academic illustrations . We urgently need 25kg of it kaled badran est. Saudi Arabia- Riyadh E.mail kaledbadran@yahoo.com tel 00966503108048 fax 0096612493624
QR Code

What's this?

This is a QR code (short for Quick Response) which gives fast-track access to our website pages. QR Codes are barcodes that can be read by mobile phone (smartphone) cameras. This QR Code is unique to this page. All plant pages have their own unique code. For more information about QR Codes click here.

1. Copy and print the QR code to a plant label, poster, book, website, magazines, newspaper etc and even t-shirts.
2. Smartphone users scan the QR Code which automatically takes them to the webpage the QR Code came from.
3. Smartphone users quickly have information on a plant directly for the pfaf.org website on their phone.
Add a comment/link

If you have important information about this plant that may help other users please add a comment or link below. Only comments or links that are felt to be directly relevant to a plant will be included. If you think a comment/link or information contained on this page is inaccurate or misleading we would welcome your feedback at admin@pfaf.org. If you have questions about a plant please use the Forum on this website as we do not have the resources to answer questions ourselves.

* Please note: the comments by website users are not necessarily those held by PFAF and may give misleading or inaccurate information.

To leave a comment please Register or login here All comments need to be approved so will not appear immediately.

Subject : Quillaja saponaria  

Plant Uses

Edible Uses
Medicinal Uses
Other Plant uses
Woodland Gardening
Why Perennial Plants?
Top Edible Plants
Top Medicinal Plants
Garden Design
Habitats
Translations

Twiter      Facebook

Content

Content Help
Bookshop
Support Us
Blog
Links
Old Database Search
Suppliers
Contact
About Us
News
Sign In

PFAF Newsletter

Stay informed about PFAFs progress,
challenges and hopes by signing up for
our free email ePost. You will receive
a range of benefits including:
* Important announcements and news
* Exclusive content not on the website
* Updates on new information &
functionality of the website & database

We will not sell or share your email address.
You can unsubscribe at anytime.