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Quararibea cordata - (Bonpl.) Vischer
Common Name South American Sapote, Chupa Chupa, Matisia
Family Malvaceae
USDA hardiness 10-12
Known Hazards None known
Habitats Rainforests on fertile soil from fairly high altitudes to lowland coastal regions[307 ]. Found both in areas that are seasonally inundated, and also areas that are not[416 ].
Range S. America - Brazil, Bolivia, Peru, Ecuador, Colombia; C. America - Panama, Costa Rica.
Edibility Rating  
Other Uses  
Weed Potential No
Medicinal Rating  
Tender Moist Soil Full sun

A fast-growing and natural pioneer species within its native range known as Quararibes cordata or South American Sapote is medium-sized tree growing about 30 m in height and 50 cm in bole diameter. The leaves are heart-shaped, green, and alternate. The flowers are creamy-yellow. Though the plant has no medicinal uses, it is valued for its edible, large, and round fruits with yellow-orange pulp and sweet flavor. The wood of this species is easy to cut but has poor mechanical properties. It is used for doors and panelling, and to make light boxes. Plants are grown from seeds.

Quararibea cordata South American Sapote, Chupa Chupa, Matisia

Quararibea cordata South American Sapote, Chupa Chupa, Matisia
Physical Characteristics
 icon of manicon of lolypop
Quararibea cordata is a deciduous Tree growing to 20 m (65ft) by 16 m (52ft) at a fast rate.
It is hardy to zone (UK) 10 and is frost tender. and are pollinated by Insects, humming birds.Suitable for: medium (loamy) and heavy (clay) soils and prefers well-drained soil. Suitable pH: acid, neutral and basic (alkaline) soils and can grow in saline soils.
It cannot grow in the shade. It prefers moist soil.

Matisia cordata Bonpl.

Edible Uses
Fruit - raw[301 ]. The fibrous yellow-orange pulp of the fruit is sweet and is eaten raw[301 ]. The flavour is reminiscent of a very sweet pumpkin with overtones of mango and apricot[301 ]. Opinions vary widely over the quality of this fruit, with some people describing it enthusiastically as like a blend of mangoes, peaches and strawberries, whilst others have found it to be bland[307 ]. There are forms with very little fibre and these can be utilised for juice[301 ]. The fruit is up to 10cm in diameter[416 ].
Medicinal Uses
Plants For A Future can not take any responsibility for any adverse effects from the use of plants. Always seek advice from a professional before using a plant medicinally.

None known


Other Uses
Sheltered seaside. Backyard tree. Public open space. Large conservatory. Agroforestry Uses: A fast-growing, natural pioneer species within its native range. With its edible fruit it could very well be useful in a mixed planting to restore native woodland or to establish a woodland garden[K ]. The large trees of this species are grown in association with avocados. This combination works well because both species have the same soil requirements, and zapote provides necessary shade for the avocados[355 ]. Other Uses The wood is coarse-textured, irregular-grained, light in weight, with a low resistance to wood-eating organisms[625 ]. It is easy to cut, but has poor mechanical properties. It is used as core material for doors and panelling, and to make light boxes[625 ].
Cultivation details
Likes to grow in hot, humid, lowland tropical to subtropical regions with lots of rainfall[335 ]. Plants are very susceptible to frost injury[335 ]. Prefers a fertile, moisture-retentive soil and a position in full sun[307 ]. Young plants are fast-growing[625 ].
Seed - best sown as soon as it is ripe in a partially shaded position in individual containers. A high germination rate can be expected, with the seed sprouting within 20 - 30 days[625 ]. Stem cuttings.
Other Names
Apasi, Chupa chupa, Chupa-chupa, Cordate matisia, Matisia, Patintoqui, Sapote Sapotillo, Saput, Zapote de monte,
Found In
Amazon, Asia, Australia, Bolivia, Brazil*, Central America, Colombia*, Costa Rica, Ecuador, Guatemala, Hawaii, Mexico, Nicaragua, North America, Pacific, Panama, Peru*, Philippines, Puerto Rico, SE Asia, South America, USA,
Weed Potential

Right plant wrong place. We are currently updating this section. Please note that a plant may be invasive in one area but may not in your area so it’s worth checking.

Conservation Status
IUCN Red List of Threatened Plants Status : This taxon has not yet been assessed
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Expert comment
(Bonpl.) Vischer
Botanical References
Links / References
For a list of references used on this page please go here
A special thanks to Ken Fern for some of the information used on this page.
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Subject : Quararibea cordata  

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