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Pyracantha coccinea - M.J.Roem.
                 
Common Name Firethorn, Scarlet firethorn, Pyracantha, Firethorn
Family Rosaceae
USDA hardiness 6-9
Known Hazards Although no specific mention has been seen for this species, it belongs to a genus where most, if not all members of the genus produce hydrogen cyanide, a poison that gives almonds their characteristic flavour. This toxin is found mainly in the leaves and seed and is readily detected by its bitter taste. It is usually present in too small a quantity to do any harm but any very bitter seed or fruit should not be eaten. In small quantities, hydrogen cyanide has been shown to stimulate respiration and improve digestion, it is also claimed to be of benefit in the treatment of cancer. In excess, however, it can cause respiratory failure and even death.
Habitats Woods and hedges[89].
Range S. Europe. Occasionally found more or less naturalized in Britain[17].
Edibility Rating  
Other Uses  
Weed Potential No
Medicinal Rating  
Care
Fully Hardy Moist Soil Full shade Semi-shade Full sun

Summary
Bloom Color: White. Main Bloom Time: Late spring, Mid spring. Form: Rounded, Spreading or horizontal, Vase.

Pyracantha coccinea Firethorn, Scarlet firethorn, Pyracantha, Firethorn


http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/User:Brosen
Pyracantha coccinea Firethorn, Scarlet firethorn, Pyracantha, Firethorn
http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/User:KENPEI
   
Physical Characteristics
 icon of manicon of shrub
Pyracantha coccinea is an evergreen Shrub growing to 4 m (13ft) by 4 m (13ft) at a fast rate.
It is hardy to zone (UK) 6. It is in leaf 12-Jan It is in flower in June. The flowers are hermaphrodite (have both male and female organs) and are pollinated by Bees.It is noted for attracting wildlife.
Suitable for: light (sandy), medium (loamy) and heavy (clay) soils, prefers well-drained soil and can grow in heavy clay soil. Suitable pH: acid, neutral and basic (alkaline) soils and can grow in very alkaline soils.
It can grow in full shade (deep woodland) semi-shade (light woodland) or no shade. It prefers moist soil. The plant can tolerates strong winds but not maritime exposure.
It can tolerate atmospheric pollution.

Synonyms
Cotoneaster pyracantha. Crataegus pyracantha. Mespilus pyracantha.

Habitats
Woodland Garden Dappled Shade; Shady Edge; not Deep Shade; Hedge;
Edible Uses
Edible Parts: Fruit.
Edible Uses:

Fruit - cooked. Used for making jellies, marmalade and sauces[15, 183].
Medicinal Uses
Plants For A Future can not take any responsibility for any adverse effects from the use of plants. Always seek advice from a professional before using a plant medicinally.



None known
Other Uses
Hedge;  Hedge.

Tolerant of trimming and of reasonable exposure, it can be grown as a hedge[49, 200]. It forms a very spiny barrier[200].
Cultivation details
Landscape Uses:Erosion control, Espalier, Massing, Seashore. Prefers a good well-drained, moisture retentive loamy soil[1, 200]. Succeeds in any soil that is warm and not very heavy[11]. Another report says that it grows well in heavy clay soils. Succeeds on chalky soils[108]. Succeeds in sun or part shade[200] and also on a shady wall[28, 49], though it does not fruit so well in a shady position[200]. Tolerates atmospheric pollution and reasonable exposure[200]. A very ornamental plant[1], there are a number of named varieties[11, 200]. Susceptible to scab and fireblight[11], especially when grown on acid sandy soils[182]. This species, especially the cultivar 'Lelandii', is notably resistant to honey fungus[200]. Intolerant of root disturbance except when young[11]. A good bee plant[108]. Birds are particularly attracted to the fruit of this plant[200]. Special Features:Not North American native, Attractive flowers or blooms.
Propagation
Seed - best sown as soon as it is ripe in a cold frame[200]. Remove all the fruit flesh since this can inhibit germination[200]. Stored seed requires 3 months cold stratification, sow it as early in the year as possible in a cold frame[113]. When they are large enough to handle, prick the seedlings out into individual pots and grow them on in the cold frame for their first winter. Plant them out into their permanent positions in late spring or early summer, after the last expected frosts. Cuttings of almost mature wood, 5 - 10cm with a heel, mid-August in a cold frame[78]. Pot up in October or the following spring[78].
Other Names
Found In
Weed Potential

Right plant wrong place. We are currently updating this section. Please note that a plant may be invasive in one area but may not in your area so it’s worth checking.

Conservation Status
IUCN Red List of Threatened Plants Status :
Related Plants
Latin NameCommon NameEdibility RatingMedicinal Rating
Pyracantha angustifoliaNarrowleaf firethorn, Pyracantha10
Pyracantha crenato-serrata 11
Pyracantha crenulataNepalese White Thorn, Nepalese firethorn11
Pyracantha koidzumiiFormosa firethorn10
Pyracantha rogersiana 00
Pyracantha 'Wateri' 00
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Expert comment
 
Author
M.J.Roem.
Botanical References
1189200
Links / References
For a list of references used on this page please go here
Readers comment
 
Elizabeth H.
Sue Hayden Mon Apr 12 01:46:17 2004
It is true that they root very easy. I stuck a 6" cutting in some sandy loam and forgot about it for a year.This spring I saw this bush growing in my flower bed and low and behold it was my pyracantha I had planted.It has 4 large limbs completely covered with blooms.If it had not been blooming I would probably have pulled it out thinking it was some kind of wild bush. I can't wait to see the berries this fall. I intend to propagate some plants from the seeds this fall.
Elizabeth H.
Forrest Tue Jul 14 2009
We want to plant a pyracantha as a vine that we hope will grow to a height of 9', make a turn and grow another 3' to meet a similarly planted pyracantha on the other side. Is it reasonable to expect this kind of cooperation from a firethorn?
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Subject : Pyracantha coccinea  

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