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Prunus caroliniana - Aiton.
                 
Common Name American Cherry Laurel, Carolina laurelcherry, Laurel Cherry,
Family Rosaceae
USDA hardiness 7-10
Known Hazards The leaves and young branches of this species contain considerable quantities of hydrogen cyanide, a poison that gives almonds their characteristic flavour. This toxin is readily detected by its bitter taste. It is usually present in too small a quantity to do any harm but any very bitter seed or fruit should not be eaten. In small quantities, hydrogen cyanide has been shown to stimulate respiration and improve digestion, it is also claimed to be of benefit in the treatment of cancer. In excess, however, it can cause respiratory failure and even death.
Habitats Deep, well-drained rich moist bottomlands, bluffs or streambanks[82, 229].
Range South-eastern N. America - North Carolina to Florida, west to Texas.
Edibility Rating  
Other Uses  
Weed Potential No
Medicinal Rating  
Care
Fully Hardy Well drained soil Moist Soil Semi-shade Full sun

Summary
Bloom Color: White. Main Bloom Time: Early spring, Late spring, Mid spring. Form: Oval, Rounded.

Prunus caroliniana American Cherry Laurel, Carolina laurelcherry, Laurel Cherry,


www.flickr.com/photos/dermoidhome
Prunus caroliniana American Cherry Laurel, Carolina laurelcherry, Laurel Cherry,
http://www.flickr.com/photos/28340342@N08/
   
Physical Characteristics
 icon of manicon of shrub
Prunus caroliniana is an evergreen Shrub growing to 12 m (39ft 4in) at a fast rate.
It is hardy to zone (UK) 7. It is in leaf 12-Jan It is in flower from Apr to May, and the seeds ripen in October. The flowers are hermaphrodite (have both male and female organs) and are pollinated by Insects.Suitable for: light (sandy), medium (loamy) and heavy (clay) soils and prefers well-drained soil. Suitable pH: acid, neutral and basic (alkaline) soils. It can grow in semi-shade (light woodland) or no shade. It prefers dry or moist soil. The plant can tolerates strong winds but not maritime exposure.

Synonyms
Laurocerasus caroliniana. (Mill.)Roem.

Habitats
Woodland Garden Dappled Shade; Shady Edge; Hedge;
Edible Uses
Edible Parts: Fruit;  Seed.
Edible Uses:

The fruit might be edible[105]. It has a thick skin and a thin dry flesh[82] and is not edible[227]. It is slightly toxic to humans[229]. The fruit is about 13mm in diameter and contains one large seed[200]. Seed - raw or cooked. Do not eat the seed if it is too bitter - see the notes above on toxicity.
Medicinal Uses
Plants For A Future can not take any responsibility for any adverse effects from the use of plants. Always seek advice from a professional before using a plant medicinally.



Although no specific mention has been seen for this species, all members of the genus contain amygdalin and prunasin, substances which break down in water to form hydrocyanic acid (cyanide or prussic acid). In small amounts this exceedingly poisonous compound stimulates respiration, improves digestion and gives a sense of well-being[238].
Other Uses
Dye;  Hedge;  Hedge;  Shelterbelt;  Wood.

Amenable to trimming, this plant can be grown as a screen and hedge[82, 227]. It can also be used in shelterbelt plantings[200]. A green dye can be obtained from the leaves[168]. A dark grey to green dye can be obtained from the fruit[168]. Wood - hard, heavy, strong, close grained[82]. The trees are seldom large enough for the wood to be exploited commercially[229].
Cultivation details
Landscape Uses:Pest tolerant, Screen, Standard, Street tree, Woodland garden. Requires a well-drained moisture retentive soil[11, 200]. Succeeds in a hot dry position. Succeeds in light shade but fruits better in a sunny position[11, 200]. Thrives in a loamy soil, doing well on limestone[11, 200]. Prefers some chalk in the soil but apt to become chlorotic if too much is present[11]. Fairly wind-resistant[200]. One report says that this species is tender in most of Britain[11], whilst another says that it succeeds in climatic zone 7 (tolerating frosts down to about -15°c)[200]. A fast-growing but short-lived tree[229]. Most members of this genus are shallow-rooted and will produce suckers if the roots are damaged[238]. Plants in this genus are notably susceptible to honey fungus[200]. Special Features:North American native, Naturalizing, All or parts of this plant are poisonous, Fragrant flowers, Attractive flowers or blooms.
Propagation
Seed - requires 2 - 3 months cold stratification and is best sown in a cold frame as soon as it is ripe[200]. Sow stored seed in a cold frame as early in the year as possible[200]. Protect the seed from mice etc. The seed can be rather slow, sometimes taking 18 months to germinate[113]. Prick out the seedlings into individual pots when they are large enough to handle. Grow them on in a greenhouse or cold frame for their first winter and plant them out in late spring or early summer of the following year. Cuttings of half-ripe wood with a heel, July/August in a frame[11, 200]. Softwood cuttings from strongly growing plants in spring to early summer in a frame[200]. Layering in spring.

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Other Names
Found In
Weed Potential

Right plant wrong place. We are currently updating this section. Please note that a plant may be invasive in one area but may not in your area so it’s worth checking.

Conservation Status
IUCN Red List of Threatened Plants Status :
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Latin NameCommon NameEdibility RatingMedicinal Rating
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Prunus americana lanata 31
Prunus andersoniiDesert Peach22
Prunus angustifoliaChickasaw Plum, Watson's plum, Hally Jolivette Cherry31
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Prunus apetalaClove Cherry21
Prunus arabica 21
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Prunus aviumWild Cherry, Sweet cherry42
Prunus besserianaDwarf Almond21
Prunus besseyiWestern Sand Cherry41
Prunus bifrons 21
Prunus bokharensisBokhara Plum21
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Prunus buergeriana 21
Prunus campanulataTaiwan Cherry21
Prunus canescensGreyleaf Cherry31
Prunus capsica 21
Prunus cerasiferaCherry Plum, Myrobalan Plum, Newport Cherry Plum, Pissard Plum41
Prunus cerasifera divaricata 41
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Prunus cerasusSour Cherry12
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Subject : Prunus caroliniana  

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