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Polygala amara - L.
                 
Common Name Bitter Milkwort
Family Polygalaceae
USDA hardiness 5-9
Known Hazards Although no specific mention has been seen for this species, at least one member of this genus is said to be poisonous in large quantities.
Habitats Grassland and damp mountain pastures, especially on chalk and limestone[9, 17].
Range Europe, including Britain, south and east from Norway.
Edibility Rating  
Other Uses  
Weed Potential No
Medicinal Rating  
Care
Fully Hardy Moist Soil Semi-shade Full sun

Summary

Polygala amara Bitter Milkwort


http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/User:Don_Pedro28
Polygala amara Bitter Milkwort
http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/User:Don_Pedro28
   
Physical Characteristics
 icon of manicon of flower
Polygala amara is a PERENNIAL growing to 0.2 m (0ft 8in).
It is hardy to zone (UK) 6. It is in flower from Jun to August. The flowers are hermaphrodite (have both male and female organs) and are pollinated by Insects.Suitable for: light (sandy), medium (loamy) and heavy (clay) soils and prefers well-drained soil. Suitable pH: acid, neutral and basic (alkaline) soils and can grow in very alkaline soils.
It can grow in semi-shade (light woodland) or no shade. It prefers moist soil.

Synonyms
P. amarella Crantz. P. austriaca. P. uliginosa.

Habitats
 Meadow;
Edible Uses
None known
Medicinal Uses


Plants For A Future can not take any responsibility for any adverse effects from the use of plants. Always seek advice from a professional before using a plant medicinally.

Bitter;  Diaphoretic;  Diuretic;  Emollient;  Expectorant;  Galactogogue.

The herb is bitter, diaphoretic, diuretic, emollient, mildly expectorant, galactogogue[9, 21]. An infusion is used to treat stomach upsets, bladder and kidney disorders etc[9]. The plant is harvested as it comes into flower and dried for later use[9].
Other Uses
None known
Cultivation details
Prefers a moderately fertile moisture-retentive well-drained soil, succeeding in full sun if the soil remains moist throughout the growing season, otherwise it is best in semi-shade[200]. Dislikes shade according to another report.
Propagation
Seed - sow spring or autumn in a cold frame[214]. When they are large enough to handle, prick the seedlings out into individual pots and grow them on in the greenhouse for their first winter. Plant them out into their permanent positions in late spring or early summer, after the last expected frosts. Division. Cuttings of young shoots in a frame in late spring[1].
Other Names
Found In
Weed Potential

Right plant wrong place. We are currently updating this section. Please note that a plant may be invasive in one area but may not in your area so it’s worth checking.

Conservation Status
IUCN Red List of Threatened Plants Status :
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Author
L.
Botanical References
17200
Links / References
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Subject : Polygala amara  

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