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Plantago maritima - L.
                 
Common Name Sea Plantain, Goose tongue, California goose tongue
Family Plantaginaceae
USDA hardiness 5-9
Known Hazards None known
Habitats Short turf in salt marshes near the sea and by streams in mountains, usually in saline or wet soils[17].
Range Western Europe, including Britain, from Scandanavia south and east to Spain, Hungary and Russia.
Edibility Rating  
Other Uses  
Weed Potential No
Medicinal Rating  
Care
Fully Hardy Moist Soil Full sun

Summary

Plantago maritima Sea Plantain, Goose tongue, California goose tongue


http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Plantago_maritima_Sturm63.jpg
Plantago maritima Sea Plantain, Goose tongue, California goose tongue
http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/User:Nova
   
Physical Characteristics
 icon of manicon of flower
Plantago maritima is a PERENNIAL growing to 0.2 m (0ft 8in) by 0.2 m (0ft 8in).
It is hardy to zone (UK) 6 and is not frost tender. It is in flower from Jun to August, and the seeds ripen from Aug to September. The flowers are hermaphrodite (have both male and female organs) and are pollinated by Wind.The plant is self-fertile.
It is noted for attracting wildlife.
Suitable for: light (sandy), medium (loamy) and heavy (clay) soils and prefers well-drained soil. Suitable pH: acid, neutral and basic (alkaline) soils and can grow in saline soils.
It cannot grow in the shade. It prefers moist soil. The plant can tolerate maritime exposure.

Synonyms

Habitats
 Cultivated Beds;
Edible Uses
Edible Parts: Leaves;  Seed.
Edible Uses:

Young leaves - raw or cooked[2, 61, 105, 183]. A delicious flavour[172]. This is one of the nicer-tasting members of the genus, the leaves are fairly low in fibres and make an acceptable addition to a mixed salad[K]. The leaves are canned for winter use in Alaska[183]. Seed - raw or cooked. The seed can be ground into a powder and used as a flour extender[172]. The seed is very small and tedious to harvest[172].
Medicinal Uses


Plants For A Future can not take any responsibility for any adverse effects from the use of plants. Always seek advice from a professional before using a plant medicinally.

Laxative.

Plantain seeds contain up to 30% mucilage which swells up in the gut, acting as a bulk laxative and soothing irritated membranes[238]. Sometimes the seed husks are used without the seeds[238].
Other Uses
None known
Cultivation details
Succeeds in any moderately fertile soil in a sunny position[200]. An important food plant for the caterpillars of many species of butterflies[30].
Propagation
Seed - sow spring in a cold frame. When they are large enough to handle, prick the seedlings out into individual pots and plant them out in early summer. A sowing can be made outdoors in situ in mid to late spring if you have enough seeds.
Other Names
Found In
Weed Potential

Right plant wrong place. We are currently updating this section. Please note that a plant may be invasive in one area but may not in your area so it’s worth checking.

Conservation Status
IUCN Red List of Threatened Plants Status :
Related Plants
Latin NameCommon NameEdibility RatingMedicinal Rating
Alisma plantago-aquaticaGreat Water Plantain, ZE-XIE, European water plantain, American water plantain, Northern water plan13
Plantago affraPsyllium13
Plantago amplexicaulis 12
Plantago arenariaFrench Psyllium13
Plantago asiaticaChe Qian Zi13
Plantago australisMexican Plantain12
Plantago camtschatica 12
Plantago coronopusBuck's-Horn Plantain32
Plantago crassifolia 12
Plantago cunninghamii 00
Plantago debilis 00
Plantago decipiens 12
Plantago depressa 12
Plantago hakusanensis 12
Plantago juncoides 12
Plantago lanceolataRibwort Plantain, Narrowleaf plantain23
Plantago majorCommon Plantain, Cart Track Plant,White Man's Foot ,Plantain23
Plantago mediaHoary Plantain22
Plantago oliganthus 12
Plantago ovataBlond Psyllium, Desert Indianwheat23
Plantago psylliumFleawort23
Plantago rugeliiBlackseed Plantain12
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Expert comment
 
Author
L.
Botanical References
17
Links / References
For a list of references used on this page please go here
Readers comment
 
Elizabeth H.
Emil Nilsson Tue Jan 4 20:55:20 2005
Europaean Plantago maritima are generally self-incompatible (see Ross 1970, Breeding systems in Plantago, Heredity). However, north European populations are self-compatible so variations are known to occur. Furthermore, the species is generally gynodioecious, i.e. female plant co-exist with hermaphrodite plants. Altoghether, this is a interesting plant!

Link: Emil Nilssons research page Ongoing research on gynodioecy and mating system in Plantago maritima

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Subject : Plantago maritima  

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