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Pistacia vera - L.
                 
Common Name Pistachio, Pistachio Nut
Family Pistaciaceae
USDA hardiness 7-10
Known Hazards None known
Habitats Hilly and mountainous regions, especially on sandstone soils, with a temperature range from -10°c in the winter to 40°c in the summer, to 1500 metres[200]
Range W. Asia.
Edibility Rating  
Other Uses  
Weed Potential No
Medicinal Rating  
Care
Half Hardy Well drained soil Moist Soil Full sun

Summary
Bloom Color: Red. Main Bloom Time: Early spring, Late spring, Mid spring. Form: Oval, Rounded, Spreading or horizontal, Vase.

Pistacia vera Pistachio, Pistachio Nut


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Pistacia vera Pistachio, Pistachio Nut
   
Physical Characteristics
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Pistacia vera is a deciduous Tree growing to 10 m (32ft 10in) at a medium rate.
It is hardy to zone (UK) 9. The flowers are dioecious (individual flowers are either male or female, but only one sex is to be found on any one plant so both male and female plants must be grown if seed is required)The plant is not self-fertile.
Suitable for: light (sandy) and medium (loamy) soils, prefers well-drained soil and can grow in nutritionally poor soil. Suitable pH: acid, neutral and basic (alkaline) soils and can grow in very alkaline soils.
It cannot grow in the shade. It prefers dry or moist soil and can tolerate drought.

Synonyms

Habitats
Woodland Garden Sunny Edge;
Edible Uses
Edible Parts: Fruit;  Oil;  Oil;  Seed.
Edible Uses: Oil;  Oil.

Seed - raw or cooked[2, 46, 61, 74]. The seed is rich in oil and has a pleasant mild flavour[2]. It is very nice when eaten raw and is also widely used in confectionery, ice cream, cakes, pies etc[183]. An edible oil is obtained from the seed but is not produced commercially due to the high price of the seed[183]. The fruits can be made into a flavourful marmalade[183].
Medicinal Uses


Plants For A Future can not take any responsibility for any adverse effects from the use of plants. Always seek advice from a professional before using a plant medicinally.

Miscellany;  Sedative;  Tonic.

The plant is used in China for the treatment of abdominal ailments, abscesses, amenorrhoea, bruises, chest ailments, circulation, dysentery, gynecopathy, pruritus, rheumatism, sclerosis of the liver, sores and trauma[218]. The seed is said to be sedative and tonic[240].
Other Uses
Miscellany;  Oil;  Oil;  Resin.

The seed yields up to 40% of a non-drying oil. It is not used commercially due to the high value of the seed for food[183]. Male trees yield a small quantity of a high grade resin. It is used in paints, lacquers etc[74].
Cultivation details
Global Crop;  Management: Coppice;  Management: Standard;  Other Systems: Strip intercrop;  Staple Crop: Protein-oil.

Landscape Uses:Specimen. Requires a sunny position in a deep well-drained light soil[200]. Succeeds in dry soils. Does well in light calcareous soils[200]. Grows well on poor soils[200]. Prefers long hot summers and low humidity[200]. Plants are not very hardy in Britain and are unlikely to succeed outdoors in any but the mildest areas of the country. They will be hardier in areas with long hot summers that will thoroughly ripen the wood. Plants are prone to fungal root rots[200]. The pistachio nut is often cultivated for its edible seed in warm temperate areas, there are many named forms[183]. It is very unlikely to produce a crop of seeds in Britain, simply because the summers here are not hot enough or long enough[K]. Any pruning that needs to be done is best carried out in the spring[238]. Dioecious, male and female plants must be grown if seed is required. One male plant for every five females is adequate[200]. Special Features: Edible, Not North American native, Attractive flowers or blooms.
Propagation
Pre-soak the seed for 16 hours in alkalized water[78], or for 3 - 4 days in warm water[1], and sow late winter in a cold frame or greenhouse[78, 113]. Two months cold stratification may speed up germination, so it might be better to sow the seed in early winter[113]. The germination is variable and can be slow. Prick out the seedlings into individual pots when they are large enough to handle and grow on the plants for at least their first winter in a greenhouse. Plant out into their permanent positions in early summer and consider giving some protection from winter cold for their first year or two outdoors[K]. Cuttings of half-ripe wood from juvenile trees, July in a frame[113]. Layering.
Other Names
Found In
Weed Potential

Right plant wrong place. We are currently updating this section. Please note that a plant may be invasive in one area but may not in your area so it’s worth checking.

Conservation Status
IUCN Red List of Threatened Plants Status :
Related Plants
Latin NameCommon NameEdibility RatingMedicinal Rating
Pistacia atlanticaBetoum, Mt. Atlas mastic tree, Mount Atlas Mastic21
Pistacia atlantica cabulica 10
Pistacia chinensisChinese Pistache, Chinese Pistachio21
Pistacia chinensis integerrima 21
Pistacia lentiscusMastic Tree - Pistachier Lentisque22
Pistacia terebinthusTerebinth, Cyprus turpentine22
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Expert comment
 
Author
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Botanical References
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Links / References
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Readers comment
 
Elizabeth H.
Jasper Verhaart Thu Jun 4 2009
Dear Sir/Madam We are very interested in Pistacia Vera samplings for a great project. We need Pistacia vera preferably form tissue cultere, if not possible from vegetative multiplication and if that is also not possible from seed. we need them in large numbers. I hope you can send me some more information or maybe you can help me to find a suplier. I look forward to recieving an answer. Kind regerd, Jasper Verhaart Aquapro Holland
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Subject : Pistacia vera  

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