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Pistacia terebinthus - L.                
                 
Common Name Terebinth, Cyprus turpentine
Family Pistaciaceae
USDA hardiness 8-11
Known Hazards None known
Habitats Dry open woods and scrub[45], usually in calcareous soils[50].
Range Europe - Mediterranean.
Edibility Rating  
Medicinal Rating  
Care
Half Hardy Well drained soil Moist Soil Full sun

Summary       

Physical Characteristics       
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Pistacia terebinthus is a deciduous Tree growing to 9 m (29ft) by 6 m (19ft) at a slow rate.
It is hardy to zone (UK) 9. It is in flower from May to July, and the seeds ripen from Oct to November. The flowers are dioecious (individual flowers are either male or female, but only one sex is to be found on any one plant so both male and female plants must be grown if seed is required)The plant is not self-fertile.
Suitable for: light (sandy) and medium (loamy) soils and prefers well-drained soil. Suitable pH: acid, neutral and basic (alkaline) soils and can grow in very alkaline soils.
It cannot grow in the shade. It prefers dry or moist soil and can tolerate drought.

Synonyms
Pistacia terebinthus Terebinth, Cyprus turpentine


http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/User:Franz_Xaver
Pistacia terebinthus Terebinth, Cyprus turpentine
greffer.net
   
Habitats
Woodland Garden Sunny Edge;
Edible Uses                                         
Edible Parts: Fruit;  Leaves;  Oil;  Seed.
Edible Uses: Gum;  Oil.

Seed - raw or cooked[177]. Sweetish[183]. It is sweeter and oilier than an almond[2]. An edible oil is obtained from the seed[117, 183]. The immature fruits, including the stems, are preserved in vinegar and salt. Known as 'atsjaar', they are used as a relish to accompany wines served during meals[183]. The fruit is about 7mm long and 6 mm wide, it contains a single seed[200]. Young leaves - cooked and used as a vegetable[177, 183]. A resin from the trunk is used as a vegetable and as a chewing gum[177, 183].
Medicinal Uses


Plants For A Future can not take any responsibility for any adverse effects from the use of plants. Always seek advice from a professional before using a plant medicinally.

Cytostatic.

The resin obtained from this tree (see below for more details) is antiseptic, antispasmodic, cytostatic, expectorant and vulnerary[100, 238]. It is taken internally in the treatment of chronic bronchial infections, streptococcal, urinary and renal infections, haemorrhage, gallstones, tapeworm and rheumatism[238]. Externally, it is used to treat arthritis, gout, sciatica, scabies and lice[238]. It has also been used in the treatment of cancer[100].
Other Uses
Dye;  Gum;  Oil;  Resin;  Rootstock;  Tannin.

Yields the resin 'Cyprus turpentine', which is obtained from incisions made in the bark (not the trunk) of the tree[1, 2, 11, 46, 117, 200]. The incisions are made from mid summer to mid autumn[238]. It is mainly used medicinally in the treatment of cancer[100] and also as a chewing gum. The plant can be used as a rootstock for the pistachio nut, P. vera[11]. A red dye is obtained from galls that are formed on the leaves by aphis[100]. The plant is a source of tannin[46].
Cultivation details                                         
Requires a deep well-drained light soil[200], preferring a hot dry position in full sun[166]. It grows best in a sandy to stony alkaline soil[238]. This species is hardy in most of Britain but it is slow growing[1, 200]. This contradicts the report, also in [200], that this plant is only hardy to zone 9 and is therefore intolerant of anything other than the lightest frosts. Any pruning that needs to be done is best carried out in the spring[238]. Dioecious, male and female plants must be grown if seed is required.
                                                                                 
Propagation                                         
Pre-soak the seed for 16 hours in alkalized water[78], or for 3 - 4 days in warm water[1], and sow late winter in a cold frame or greenhouse[78, 113]. Two months cold stratification may speed up germination, so it might be better to sow the seed in early winter[113]. The germination is variable and can be slow. Prick out the seedlings into individual pots when they are large enough to handle and grow on the plants for at least their first winter in a greenhouse. Plant out into their permanent positions in early summer and consider giving some protection from winter cold for their first year or two outdoors[K]. Cuttings of half-ripe wood from juvenile trees, July in a frame[113]. Layering.
Related Plants                                         
Latin NameCommon NameEdibility RatingMedicinal Rating
Pistacia atlanticaBetoum, Mt. Atlas mastic tree, Mount Atlas Mastic21
Pistacia atlantica cabulica 10
Pistacia chinensisChinese Pistache, Chinese Pistachio21
Pistacia chinensis integerrima 21
Pistacia lentiscusMastic Tree - Pistachier Lentisque22
Pistacia veraPistachio, Pistachio Nut32
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Expert comment                                         
 
      
Author                                         
L.
                                                                                 
Botanical References                                         
1150200
                                                                                 
Links / References                                         
For a list of references used on this page please go here
Readers comment                                         
 
Elizabeth H.
Dr. Sourav Chandra Fri Nov 2 2007
I need a detailed research work done on the plants extract
Elizabeth H.
Patrick McCoy Mon Jul 13 2009
I need seeds to conduct research on the plant, can anyone provide seeds or cuttings?
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