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Pimpinella saxifraga - (L.)Huds.
                 
Common Name Greater Burnet Saxifrage, Hollowstem burnet saxifrage
Family Apiaceae or Umbelliferae
USDA hardiness 4-8
Known Hazards Photosensitivity possible in light skinned people. Care needed as pimpinella contains essential oils and saponins [301].
Habitats Hedge banks, woodland edges and other grassy places[9].
Range Europe, including Britain, from Scandanavia south and east to Portugal, the Balkans and Caucasus.
Edibility Rating  
Other Uses  
Weed Potential No
Medicinal Rating  
Care
Fully Hardy Moist Soil Semi-shade Full sun

Summary

Pimpinella saxifraga Greater Burnet Saxifrage, Hollowstem burnet saxifrage


http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Pimpinella_major_Sturm11.jpg
Pimpinella saxifraga Greater Burnet Saxifrage, Hollowstem burnet saxifrage
http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/User:Llez
   
Physical Characteristics
 icon of manicon of flower
Pimpinella saxifraga is a PERENNIAL growing to 0.8 m (2ft 7in) by 0.3 m (1ft).
It is hardy to zone (UK) 5 and is not frost tender. It is in flower from Jun to July, and the seeds ripen from Jul to August. The flowers are hermaphrodite (have both male and female organs) and are pollinated by Bees.The plant is self-fertile.
Suitable for: light (sandy), medium (loamy) and heavy (clay) soils. Suitable pH: acid, neutral and basic (alkaline) soils. It can grow in semi-shade (light woodland) or no shade. It prefers moist soil.

Synonyms
Pimpinella saxifraga var. major L.

Habitats
Woodland Garden Sunny Edge; Dappled Shade; Shady Edge; Meadow; Hedgerow;
Edible Uses
Edible Parts: Leaves;  Seed.
Edible Uses: Condiment.

An essential oil from the roots is used as a flavouring in candy, liqueurs etc[183].
Medicinal Uses


Plants For A Future can not take any responsibility for any adverse effects from the use of plants. Always seek advice from a professional before using a plant medicinally.

Antispasmodic;  Astringent;  Carminative;  Cholagogue;  Diaphoretic;  Diuretic;  Emmenagogue;  Ophthalmic;  
Resolvent;  Skin;  Stomachic.

The leaves are diaphoretic, diuretic, resolvent and stomachic[4]. The plant is harvested as it comes into flower and dried for later use[4]. The root is anti-inflammatory, mildly astringent and expectorant[9]. The fresh root is very hot and acrid, but this pungency is greatly reduced when the root is dried[4]. When chewed, the fresh root is effective in treating toothaches and paralysis of the tongue[4]. An effective diuretic, the root is used in treating disorders arising from obstructions of the viscera[4]. The root is also used for soothing coughs or the effects of laryngitis and bronchitis[9]. The roots can be harvested in the spring or autumn and are dried for later use[9]. The seeds are carminative[4]. The German Commission E Monographs, a therapeutic guide to herbal medicine, approve Pimpinella major Greater Burnet Saxifrage for cough/bronchitis (see [302] for critics of commission E).
Other Uses
None known
Cultivation details
Easily grown in any good soil[1], preferring rather moist conditions[187]. Grows best in a cool position[233]. Plants are hardy to about -20°c[187].
Propagation
The seed requires a period of cold stratification. If you can obtain fresh seed then it is best sown immediately. This can be done in situ if you have sufficient seed, but if you only have a small quantity then it is safer to sow it in pots in a cold frame. Sow stored seed as soon as you can obtain it, this is probably best done in a cold frame. When they are large enough to handle, prick the pot-grown seedlings out into individual pots and plant them out in the summer.

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Other Names
Found In
Weed Potential

Right plant wrong place. We are currently updating this section. Please note that a plant may be invasive in one area but may not in your area so it’s worth checking.

Conservation Status
IUCN Red List of Threatened Plants Status :
Related Plants
Latin NameCommon NameEdibility RatingMedicinal Rating
Pimpinella anisumAniseed (Saunf - Hindi), Anise burnet saxifrage43
Pimpinella diversifolia 01
Pimpinella majorGreater Burnet Saxifrage, Hollowstem burnet saxifrage12
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Expert comment
 
Author
(L.)Huds.
Botanical References
17200
Links / References
For a list of references used on this page please go here
Readers comment
 
Elizabeth H.
john bird Mon Sep 7 2009
Can you describe the fruit? The fruit I have have very long stiles,twice as long as the fruit itself
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Subject : Pimpinella saxifraga  

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