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Picea breweriana - S.Watson.
                 
Common Name Weeping Spruce, Brewer spruce
Family Pinaceae
USDA hardiness 5-9
Known Hazards None known
Habitats Usually on dry mountain ridges and peaks near the timber line, forming small groves around 2100 metres[82], though the best specimens are found in deep moist well-drained soils[229].
Range South-western N. America - California to Oregon.
Edibility Rating  
Other Uses  
Weed Potential No
Medicinal Rating  
Care
Fully Hardy Moist Soil Full sun

Summary

Picea breweriana Weeping Spruce, Brewer spruce


http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/User:Meneerke_bloem
Picea breweriana Weeping Spruce, Brewer spruce
http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/User:MPF
   
Physical Characteristics
 icon of manicon of cone
Picea breweriana is an evergreen Tree growing to 15 m (49ft) by 5 m (16ft) at a slow rate.
It is hardy to zone (UK) 6. It is in leaf 12-Jan It is in flower in May, and the seeds ripen from Oct to November. The flowers are monoecious (individual flowers are either male or female, but both sexes can be found on the same plant) and are pollinated by Wind.Suitable for: light (sandy), medium (loamy) and heavy (clay) soils and can grow in nutritionally poor soil. Suitable pH: acid and neutral soils and can grow in very acid soils.
It cannot grow in the shade. It prefers moist soil. The plant can tolerates strong winds but not maritime exposure.
It cannot tolerate atmospheric pollution.

Synonyms

Habitats
Woodland Garden Canopy;
Edible Uses
Edible Parts: Flowers;  Inner bark;  Seed.
Edible Uses: Tea.

Young male catkins - raw or cooked. Used as a flavouring[172]. Immature female cones - cooked. The central portion, when roasted, is sweet and syrupy[172]. The cones are up to 10cm long[82]. Inner bark - dried, ground into a powder and then used as a thickener in soups etc or added to cereals when making bread[172]. An emergency food when all else fails. Seed - raw. The seed is about 2 - 4mm long[229] and is too small and fiddly to be worthwhile unless you are desperate[172]. A refreshing tea, rich in vitamin C, can be made from the young shoot tips[172].
Medicinal Uses
Plants For A Future can not take any responsibility for any adverse effects from the use of plants. Always seek advice from a professional before using a plant medicinally.



None known
Other Uses
Wood.

Wood - soft, heavy, close grained[82]. It is valued for its use in the pulp industry to make paper[171].
Cultivation details
Likes abundant moisture at the roots, if grown in drier areas it must be given a deep moist soil[11]. Tolerates poor peaty soils[200]. Succeeds in wet cold and shallow soils but is not very wind-firm in shallow soils[1]. Prefers a pH between 4 to 6[200]. Dislikes shade[200]. Intolerant of atmospheric pollution[11]. Resists wind exposure to some degree[200]. In some upland areas, especially over granitic or other base-poor soils, growth rate and health have been seriously affected by aluminium poisoning induced by acid rain[200]. Plants are strongly outbreeding, self-fertilized seed usually grows poorly[200]. They hybridize freely with other members of this genus[200]. Closely related to and often confused with P. smithiana. Very slow growing when young, plants are often no more than 1 metre tall when 10 years old. Growth increases somewhat with age and can average 30cm a year in older trees[185]. Increase in the girth of trees grown in the open can be quite fast, averaging 3cm a year[185]. Trees should be planted into their permanent positions when they are quite small, between 30 and 90cm. Larger trees will check badly and hardly put on any growth for several years. This also badly affects root development and wind resistance[200]. The crushed shoots have a resinous aroma[245].
Propagation
Seed - stratification will probably improve germination so sow fresh seed in the autumn in a cold frame if possible[80]. Sow stored seed as early in the year as possible in a cold frame[78]. A position in light shade is probably best[78]. Seed should not be allowed to dry out and should be stored in a cool place[80]. Prick out the seedlings into individual pots when they are large enough to handle and grow them on in the greenhouse or cold frame for their first winter. They can be planted out into their permanent positions in early summer of the following year, or be placed in an outdoor nursery bed for a year or so to increase in size. They might need protection from spring frosts. Cuttings of semi-ripe terminal shoots, 5 - 8cm long, August in a frame. Protect from frost. Forms roots in the spring[78]. Cuttings of mature terminal shoots, 5 - 10cm long, September/October in a cold frame. Takes 12 months[78]. Cuttings of soft to semi-ripe wood, early summer in a frame. Slow but sure.
Other Names
Found In
Weed Potential

Right plant wrong place. We are currently updating this section. Please note that a plant may be invasive in one area but may not in your area so it’s worth checking.

Conservation Status
IUCN Red List of Threatened Plants Status :
Related Plants
Latin NameCommon NameEdibility RatingMedicinal Rating
Picea abiesNorway Spruce21
Picea asperataChinese Spruce20
Picea brachytylaSargent Spruce20
Picea engelmanniiMountain Spruce, Engelmann spruce22
Picea glaucaWhite Spruce, Black Hills Spruce, Canadian Spruce22
Picea glehniiSakhalin Spruce20
Picea jezoensisYezo Spruce21
Picea marianaBlack Spruce, Swamp Spruce22
Picea omorikaSerbian Spruce20
Picea orientalisCaucasian Spruce20
Picea pungensBlue Spruce, Colorado Spruce20
Picea purpureaPurple-Coned Spruce20
Picea rubensRed Spruce21
Picea sitchensisSitka Spruce22
Picea smithianaMorinda Spruce20
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S.Watson.
Botanical References
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Subject : Picea breweriana  

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