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Phyllostachys bambusoides - Siebold.&Zucc.
                 
Common Name Madake, Japanese timber bamboo
Family Poaceae or Gramineae
USDA hardiness 6-9
Known Hazards None known
Habitats Woodland and especially on lower cleared slopes[162]. In open forest or bush-wood at elevations up to 1800 metres[266].
Range E. Asia - China, Japan.
Edibility Rating  
Other Uses  
Weed Potential No
Medicinal Rating  
Care
Fully Hardy Moist Soil Semi-shade

Summary

Phyllostachys bambusoides Madake, Japanese timber bamboo


http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/User:KENPEI
Phyllostachys bambusoides Madake, Japanese timber bamboo
http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/User:KENPEI
   
Physical Characteristics
 icon of manicon of flower
Phyllostachys bambusoides is an evergreen Bamboo growing to 8 m (26ft) by 8 m (26ft).
It is hardy to zone (UK) 7. It is in leaf 12-Jan. The flowers are hermaphrodite (have both male and female organs) and are pollinated by Wind.Suitable for: light (sandy), medium (loamy) and heavy (clay) soils. Suitable pH: acid, neutral and basic (alkaline) soils. It can grow in semi-shade (light woodland). It prefers moist soil.

Synonyms
P. quiloi. P. reticulata. non Rupr. P. sulphurea. 'All Gold'.

Habitats
Woodland Garden Sunny Edge; Dappled Shade; Shady Edge;
Edible Uses
Edible Parts: Stem.
Edible Uses:

Young shoots - cooked as a vegetable[25, 46, 105]. Large but somewhat acrid when raw[61], they require boiling in a lot of water or in several changes of water[183]. The shoots are harvested in the spring when they are about 8cm above the ground, cutting them about 5cm below soil level. The shoots contain about 2.1% protein, 0.3% fat, 3.2% carbohydrate, 0.9% ash[179].
Medicinal Uses


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Antipyretic.

The leaves are antipyretic[218]. New shoots are used in the treatment of haematuria[218].
Other Uses
Soil stabilization;  Wood.

The plant has an extensive root system and is used for erosion control. The stems are used for making furniture, plant supports etc[46, 61, 74]. Fairly thick walled, the canes are considered to be the most versatile of this genus and are used in construction and other industrial uses[195]. Splints made from the stems are good for weaving various bamboo articles[266]. Even the dead culms are durable[195].
Cultivation details
Industrial Crop: Biomass;  Management: Managed Multistem;  Minor Global Crop;  Other Systems: Multistrata.

Requires a rich loamy soil and plenty of moisture in the growing season[1] plus a sheltered position[200]. A very hardy plant[11, 25], tolerating temperatures down to about -18°c, but it dislikes prolonged exposure to hard frosts[200]. Plants can reach 25 metres in height in their native habitat, they are much smaller in Britain but, even so, a height of 12 metres has been recorded in Cornwall. Cultivated for its edible shoots in China[183], it is the most widely grown bamboo in Japan for its useful canes[195]. It has been widely planted for ornament in the Mediterranean and is becoming naturalized there[50]. There are some named forms selected for their ornamental value[200]. 'Castillon' has smaller culms than the species type, the edible shoots are less bitter[195]. A plant of this cultivar at Trebah gardens in Cornwall was growing well in woodland shade, it was 5 metres tall with canes 20mm in diameter[K]. This is a good companion species to grow in a woodland because the plants are shallow rooted and do not compete with deep rooted trees[195]. The rootstock is running but not aggressively so, especially in the cooler climate of Britain[25]. New shoots are produced from late May[25]. Individual stems can be long lived, staying leafy for up to 20 years[195]. This species is notably resistant to honey fungus[200]. Plants only flower at intervals of several years, viable seed is usually produced[122]. When they do come into flower most of the plants energies are directed into producing seed and consequently the plant is severely weakened. They usually die after flowering, but if left alone they will sometimes recover though they will look very poorly for a few years. If fed with artificial NPK fertilizers at this time the plants are more likely to die[122].
Propagation
Seed - surface sow as soon as it is ripe in a greenhouse at about 20°c. Do not allow the compost to dry out. Germination usually takes place fairly quickly so long as the seed is of good quality, though it can take 3 - 6 months. Grow on in a lightly shaded place in the greenhouse until large enough to plant out. Seed is rarely available. Division in spring as new growth commences. Divisions from the open ground do not transplant well, so will need careful treatment and nurturing under cover in pots until at least late spring[238]. Division is best carried out in wet weather and small divisions will establish better than large clumps[238]. Another report says that you can take large divisions from established clumps and transfer them straight to their permanent positions, misting or drenching them frequently until they are established[200]. Basal cane cuttings in spring.
Other Names
Found In
Weed Potential

Right plant wrong place. We are currently updating this section. Please note that a plant may be invasive in one area but may not in your area so it’s worth checking.

Conservation Status
IUCN Red List of Threatened Plants Status :
Related Plants
Latin NameCommon NameEdibility RatingMedicinal Rating
Phyllostachys angustaStone Bamboo30
Phyllostachys arcanaHalf-Black Bamboo30
Phyllostachys aureaGolden Bamboo, Fishpole Bamboo50
Phyllostachys aureosulcataYellow-Groove Bamboo40
Phyllostachys bissetii 00
Phyllostachys dulcisSweetshoot Bamboo40
Phyllostachys edulisMoso-Chiku, Tortoise shell bamboo41
Phyllostachys flexuosaZig-Zag Bamboo, Drooping timber bamboo30
Phyllostachys glauca 30
Phyllostachys iridescens 30
Phyllostachys makinoiKei-Chiku, Makino bamboo30
Phyllostachys meyeriMeyer Bamboo00
Phyllostachys nidulariaBig-Node Bamboo, Broom bamboo50
Phyllostachys nigraBlack Bamboo, Kuro-Chiku43
Phyllostachys nigra henonisHa-Chiku43
Phyllostachys nigra punctataKurodake43
Phyllostachys nuda 40
Phyllostachys parvifolia 30
Phyllostachys praecox 30
Phyllostachys propinqua 30
Phyllostachys purpurata 30
Phyllostachys rubromarginataRreddish bamboo30
Phyllostachys sulphureaOugon-Kouchiku, Sulphur bamboo00
Phyllostachys sulphurea viridisKou-Chiku40
Phyllostachys viridiglaucescensGreenwax golden bamboo40
Phyllostachys vivaxGiant Timber Bamboo, Running giant bamboo30
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Author
Siebold.&Zucc.
Botanical References
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Links / References
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Subject : Phyllostachys bambusoides  

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