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Phlox paniculata - L.                
                 
Common Name Garden Phlox, Fall phlox, Perennial Phlox, Tall Phlox, Summer Phlox
Family Polemoniaceae
Synonyms
Known Hazards None known
Habitats Open woods, scrub, sides of streams and on hillsides, often on limestone[187].
Range N. America - New Jersey to N. Carolina, west to Ohio and south to Louisiana.
Edibility Rating  
Medicinal Rating  
Care
Fully Hardy Moist Soil Semi-shade Full sun

Summary       
Bloom Color: Orange, Pink, Purple, Red, White. Main Bloom Time: Late summer, Mid summer. Form: Upright or erect.

Physical Characteristics       
 icon of manicon of flower
Phlox paniculata is a PERENNIAL growing to 1.2 m (4ft) by 0.6 m (2ft in) at a medium rate.
It is hardy to zone (UK) 4. It is in leaf 10-May It is in flower from Jun to September. The flowers are hermaphrodite (have both male and female organs)It is noted for attracting wildlife.


USDA hardiness zone : 4-9


Suitable for: light (sandy), medium (loamy) and heavy (clay) soils. Suitable pH: acid, neutral and basic (alkaline) soils. It can grow in semi-shade (light woodland) or no shade. It prefers moist soil.

Phlox paniculata Garden Phlox, Fall phlox, Perennial Phlox, Tall Phlox, Summer Phlox


http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/User:Epibase
Phlox paniculata Garden Phlox, Fall phlox, Perennial Phlox, Tall Phlox, Summer Phlox
http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/User:Sandstein
   
Habitats       
Woodland Garden Sunny Edge; Dappled Shade; Shady Edge;
Edible Uses                                         
None known
Medicinal Uses
Plants For A Future can not take any responsibility for any adverse effects from the use of plants. Always seek advice from a professional before using a plant medicinally.



None known
Other Uses
None known
Cultivation details                                         
Landscape Uses:Border, Container, Specimen. Prefers a rich moist soil with ample moisture in the summer[187]. Succeeds in heavy or light soils so long as they are moist[1]. Grows in full sun or semi-shade, succeeding in the light dappled shade of woodland edges[200]. Plants are hardy to at least -20°c[187]. A very ornamental plant[233], it hybridizes freely with other members of this genus[200]. The type species is rarely cultivated[188] but a number of varieties have been selected for their ornamental value[187]. The flowers emit a deliciously sweet perfume, though some people find it unpleasant especially as the flowers start to fade[245]. A good butterfly plant[30]. Special Features:Attracts birds, North American native, Naturalizing, Wetlands plant, Attracts butterflies, Suitable for cut flowers, Fragrant flowers.
                                                                                 
Propagation                                         
Seed - best sown as soon as it is ripe in a sandy loam in a warm greenhouse. It germinates in the spring[1]. When they are large enough to handle, prick the seedlings out into individual pots and plant them out in the summer if they have grown enough. Otherwise overwinter them in a cold frame and plant them out in the spring. Division in spring or autumn. Very easy, larger divisions can be planted out direct into their permanent positions. We have found that it is better to pot up the smaller divisions and grow them on in light shade in a cold frame until they are well established before planting them out in late spring or early summer. Basal cuttings in spring or mid-summer in a cold frame[111]. Harvest the shoots with plenty of underground stem when they are about 8 - 10cm above the ground. Pot them up into individual pots and keep them in light shade in a cold frame or greenhouse until they are rooting well. Plant them out in the summer. Root cuttings, winter in a cold frame.
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Expert comment                                         
 
      
Author                                         
L.
                                                                                 
Botanical References                                         
43200
                                                                                 
Links / References                                         

[1]F. Chittendon. RHS Dictionary of Plants plus Supplement. 1956
Comprehensive listing of species and how to grow them. Somewhat outdated, it has been replaces in 1992 by a new dictionary (see [200]).
[30]Carter D. Butterflies and Moths in Britain and Europe.
An excellent book on Lepidoptera, it also lists their favourite food plants.
[111]Sanders. T. W. Popular Hardy Perennials.
A fairly wide range of perennial plants that can be grown in Britain and how to grow them.
[187]Phillips. R. & Rix. M. Perennials Volumes 1 and 2.
Photographs of over 3,000 species and cultivars of ornamental plants together with brief cultivation notes, details of habitat etc.
[188]Brickell. C. The RHS Gardener's Encyclopedia of Plants and Flowers
Excellent range of photographs, some cultivation details but very little information on plant uses.
[200]Huxley. A. The New RHS Dictionary of Gardening. 1992.
Excellent and very comprehensive, though it contains a number of silly mistakes. Readable yet also very detailed.
[233]Thomas. G. S. Perennial Garden Plants
A concise guide to a wide range of perennials. Lots of cultivation guides, very little on plant uses.
[245]Genders. R. Scented Flora of the World.
An excellent, comprehensive book on scented plants giving a few other plant uses and brief cultivation details. There are no illustrations.

Readers comment                                         
 
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