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Passiflora species - .
                 
Common Name Passion Flower
Family Passifloraceae
USDA hardiness Coming soon
Known Hazards None known
Habitats Not known in the wild.
Range A range of hybrids of garden origin.
Edibility Rating  
Other Uses  
Weed Potential No
Medicinal Rating  
Care
Moist Soil Full sun

Summary

Passiflora species Passion Flower


http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/User:BotBln
Passiflora species Passion Flower
http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/User:BotBln
   
Physical Characteristics
 icon of manicon of climber
Passiflora species is an evergreen Climber growing to 5 m (16ft) by 5 m (16ft) at a fast rate.
It is frost tender. It is in leaf 12-Jan It is in flower from Jun to September, and the seeds ripen from Sep to November. The flowers are hermaphrodite (have both male and female organs) and are pollinated by Bees.The plant is not self-fertile.
Suitable for: light (sandy), medium (loamy) and heavy (clay) soils and prefers well-drained soil. Suitable pH: acid, neutral and basic (alkaline) soils. It cannot grow in the shade. It prefers moist soil.

Synonyms

Habitats
Edible Uses
Fruit - raw or cooked.
Medicinal Uses
Plants For A Future can not take any responsibility for any adverse effects from the use of plants. Always seek advice from a professional before using a plant medicinally.



None known
Other Uses
None known
Cultivation details
This information sheet is for the garden hybrids of this genus that have not been assigned a specific name. General cultivation notes for the genus are given below with more specific information given with each cultivar. Requires a well-drained soil with plenty of moisture in the growing season, otherwise it is not fussy[1, 200]. Dislikes highly alkaline soils[202]. If plants are cut down to the ground by frost they can often regenerate from the base, especially if the plant has been given a god mulch[200, 262]. Very fast growing[11]. Roots of outdoor grown plants should be restricted to encourage fruiting[1]. Plants produce tendrils and climb by attaching these to other plants. If fruit is required, especially when the plant is grown indoors, it is best to hand pollinate using pollen from a flower that has been open for 12 hours to pollinate a newly opened flower before midday[88, 200]. The flowers open in sunny weather and do not open on dull cloudy days[219]. Fruit is only formed after long hot summers in Britain[166]. Plants are very tolerant of pruning and can be cut back to ground level if required to rejuvenate the plant[202]. Any pruning is best carried out in the spring[219]. Plants in this genus are notably resistant to honey fungus[200].
Propagation
Pre-soak the seed for 12 hours in warm water and then sow late winter or early spring in a warm greenhouse. If sown in January and grown on fast it can flower and fruit in its first year[88]. The seed germinates in 1 - 12 months at 20°c. Prick out the seedlings into individual pots when they are large enough to handle. It you are intending to grow the plants outdoors, it is probably best to keep them in the greenhouse for their first winter and plant them out into their permanent positions in late spring or early summer, after the last expected frosts. Mulch the roots well in late autumn to protect them from the cold. This species is a hybrid and, as such, will not breed true from seed. Cuttings of young shoots, 15cm with a heel, in spring[1]. Leaf bud cuttings in spring. Cuttings of fully mature wood in early summer. Takes 3 months. High percentage[3].

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Other Names
Found In
Weed Potential

Right plant wrong place. We are currently updating this section. Please note that a plant may be invasive in one area but may not in your area so it’s worth checking.

Conservation Status
IUCN Red List of Threatened Plants Status :
Related Plants
Latin NameCommon NameEdibility RatingMedicinal Rating
Passiflora actiniaPassion Flower30
Passiflora antioquiensisBanana Passionfruit40
Passiflora caeruleaPassion Flower, Bluecrown passionflower, Blue Passion Flower30
Passiflora edulisPassion Flower, Purple granadilla21
Passiflora herbertiana 20
Passiflora incarnataMaypops - Passion Flower, Purple passionflower, Apricot Vine, Maypop, Wild Passion Flower, Purple Pa33
Passiflora laurifoliaYellow Granadilla42
Passiflora ligularisSweet Grenadilla, Passion Flower50
Passiflora membranaceaPassion Flower30
Passiflora mollisimaBanana Passion Fruit30
Passiflora popenoviiGranadilla de Quijos40
Passiflora quadrangularisGiant Granadilla, Badea42
Passiflora tarminianabanana passionfruit, banana poka40
Passiflora tetrandra 10
Passiflora tripartita mollissimaBanana Passionfruit40
Passiflora umbilicataPassion Flower20
Passiflora x colvilliiPassion Flower20
Passiflora x exoniensisPassion Flower30
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Expert comment
 
Author
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Botanical References
200
Links / References
For a list of references used on this page please go here
Readers comment
 
Elizabeth H.
Rich Wed Oct 10 12:38:19 2001
1. Passiflora, the host plants of Heliconius butterflies contains:

a. toxic alkaloids (strychnine, caffeine, nicotine, cocaine, and morphine are all alkaloids which we extract from plants for pharmaceutical, recreational and agricultural uses. Nicotine sulfate is a potent pesticide) and

b. cyanogenic glycosides (These compounds are essentially sugars attached to a CN or cyanide group . As glycosides, these compounds are non-toxic and contained in an intracellular compartment. A specific glycosidase enzyme resides in a separate compartment. When a herbivore munches on green tissues of a passion vine, the enzyme is brought into contact with the glycoside and cyanide is released.

Information from

Link: Texas University Lecture Notes

Elizabeth H.
Rich Wed Oct 10 12:48:05 2001
The above comment seems to refer to the leaves and not the flowers. Anyone know more on this subject?

Cheers to Linda King (tlady@clara.co.uk) for this info

Another link is

Link: University of Texas newsletter

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Subject : Passiflora species  

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