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Papaver nudicaule - L.
                 
Common Name Arctic Poppy, Icelandic poppy
Family Papaveraceae
USDA hardiness 4-10
Known Hazards This plant is toxic to mammals, though the toxicity is low[76].
Habitats Stony slopes, river gravels and sandy meadows[74]. Dry, exposed, rocky openings such as on steep slopes, screes, and outcrops at elevations of 300 - 1000 metres in Alaska[270].
Range Northern sub-arctic regions.
Edibility Rating  
Other Uses  
Weed Potential No
Medicinal Rating  
Care
Fully Hardy Well drained soil Moist Soil Semi-shade Full sun

Summary
Bloom Color: Orange, Pink, Red, White, Yellow. Main Bloom Time: Early summer, Late summer, Mid summer. Form: Upright or erect.

Papaver nudicaule Arctic Poppy, Icelandic poppy


http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/User:Jnn
Papaver nudicaule Arctic Poppy, Icelandic poppy
http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/User:Maedin
   
Physical Characteristics
 icon of manicon of flower
Papaver nudicaule is a PERENNIAL growing to 0.3 m (1ft) by 0.3 m (1ft in) at a medium rate.
It is hardy to zone (UK) 2 and is not frost tender. It is in flower from May to September, and the seeds ripen from Jun to October. The flowers are hermaphrodite (have both male and female organs) and are pollinated by Bees, self.The plant is self-fertile.
Suitable for: light (sandy) and medium (loamy) soils and prefers well-drained soil. Suitable pH: acid, neutral and basic (alkaline) soils. It can grow in semi-shade (light woodland) or no shade. It prefers dry or moist soil.

Synonyms

Habitats
 Cultivated Beds;
Edible Uses
Edible Parts: Leaves;  Seed.
Edible Uses:

Leaves - cooked[2]. Very agreeable to the taste, the leaves are a good source of vitamin C[2]. Some caution is advised, see the notes above on toxicity. Seed - raw or cooked. Oleaginous and antiscorbutic, the seed is very agreeable to the taste[2]. It contains some opium[61]. Caution is advised, see note at top of page.
Medicinal Uses


Plants For A Future can not take any responsibility for any adverse effects from the use of plants. Always seek advice from a professional before using a plant medicinally.

Anodyne;  Antiscorbutic;  Diaphoretic.

Anodyne, antiscorbutic[2, 61]. The flowers and seed capsules are mildly diaphoretic[240].
Other Uses
Dye.

Red and beige dyes are obtained from the flowers[168]. Yellow and brown dyes are obtained from the flower pods[168] (does this mean the immature flower bud or the developing seed head?).
Cultivation details
Landscape Uses:Alpine garden, Container, Foundation, Massing, Rock garden. Prefers a well-drained sandy loam in a sunny position[111, 200]. Prefers a fertile soil[200]. Prefers a deep soil that is poor and dry rather than rich, and strongly dislikes wet conditions[233]. Succeeds in dry soils. Prefers partial shade[188]. There are many named varieties selected for their ornamental value[200]. Members of this genus are rarely if ever troubled by browsing deer or rabbits[233]. A short-lived perennial, it is often grown as an annual or biennial[200]. It often dies out in heavy soils or wet winters[111]. Special Features: Attractive foliage, North American native, Naturalizing, All or parts of this plant are poisonous, Suitable for cut flowers, Fragrant flowers.
Propagation
Seed - sow spring in situ[111]. Plants can be transplanted[200]. Division in March or October with care[111]. Larger divisions can be planted out direct into their permanent positions. We have found that it is better to pot up the smaller divisions and grow them on in light shade in a cold frame until they are well established before planting them out in late spring or early summer. Root cuttings 10cm long, November/December in a cold frame.

Books by Plants For A Future

Other Names
Found In
Weed Potential

Right plant wrong place. We are currently updating this section. Please note that a plant may be invasive in one area but may not in your area so it’s worth checking.

Conservation Status
IUCN Red List of Threatened Plants Status :
Related Plants
Latin NameCommon NameEdibility RatingMedicinal Rating
Argemone albifloraWhite Prickly Poppy, Bluestem pricklypoppy01
Argemone mexicanaPrickly Poppy, Mexican pricklypoppy13
Chelidonium majusGreater Celandine, Swallow Wort, Greater Celandine13
Corydalis ambigua 13
Corydalis aureaScrambled Eggs02
Corydalis cava 03
Corydalis edulis 10
Corydalis falconeri 00
Corydalis govaniana 02
Corydalis incisa 11
Corydalis intermedia 01
Corydalis juncea 10
Corydalis ochotensis 10
Corydalis pallida 10
Corydalis solidaFumewort, Spring fumewort13
Corydalis ternataThree-Leaf Corydalis02
Corydalis vaginans 01
Corydalis yanhusuoYan Hu Suo03
Dicentra canadensisSquirrel Corn12
Dicentra cucullariaDutchman's Breeches02
Dicentra spectabilisBleeding Heart, Japanese Bleeding Heart, Common Bleeding Heart10
Eschscholzia californicaCalifornian Poppy13
Glaucium flavumHorned Poppy, Yellow hornpoppy21
Macleaya cordataPlume Poppy01
Meconopsis aculeata 12
Meconopsis grandisBlue Poppy10
Meconopsis napaulensisHimalayan Poppy11
Papaver argemonePrickly Poppy, Long pricklyhead poppy01
Papaver dubiumLong-Head Poppy, Blindeyes01
12
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Subject : Papaver nudicaule  

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