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Pancratium maritimum - L.
Common Name Sea Daffodil
Family Amaryllidaceae
USDA hardiness 7-10
Known Hazards The bulb is somewhat poisonous[100].
Habitats Maritime sands or just above the high tide mark, along the Atlantic coast[45, 90, 129].
Range S. Europe.
Edibility Rating  
Other Uses  
Weed Potential No
Medicinal Rating  
Frost Hardy Well drained soil Moist Soil Full sun


Pancratium maritimum Sea Daffodil

Pancratium maritimum Sea Daffodil
Physical Characteristics
 icon of manicon of bulb
Pancratium maritimum is an evergreen Bulb growing to 0.5 m (1ft 8in) by 0.3 m (1ft).
It is hardy to zone (UK) 8 and is frost tender. It is in leaf 12-Jan It is in flower in June. The flowers are hermaphrodite (have both male and female organs)Suitable for: light (sandy) soils and prefers well-drained soil. Suitable pH: acid, neutral and basic (alkaline) soils. It cannot grow in the shade. It prefers dry or moist soil. The plant can tolerate maritime exposure.


 Cultivated Beds; South Wall. By. West Wall. By.
Edible Uses
Edible Parts: Root;  Seed.
Edible Uses:

Bulb - cooked[2, 105]. This report is somewhat dubious since there are reports that the bulb is poisonous. Seed[89]. No further details are given.
Medicinal Uses
Plants For A Future can not take any responsibility for any adverse effects from the use of plants. Always seek advice from a professional before using a plant medicinally.

None known


Other Uses

The woolly hairs on the inside of the seed coat (should this say the seed case?) are used to weave felt shoes and other garments[89, 148].
Cultivation details
Requires a light very well drained sandy soil in a very sunny position[42]. Requires a warm sheltered position when grown outdoors in Britain[200]. Requires a hot dry summer in order to fully ripen its bulb, it is more easily grown in a bulb frame in Britain[200]. Tolerates temperatures down to about -5°c[200], it is only hardy in the milder areas of Britain, requiring protection even there in the winter[1]. The bulb should be planted deeply and rapid spring growth should be encouraged[1]. Another report says that plants are easily grown outdoors in Britain but that the leaves are susceptible to frost damage and the plant does not flower well in an average British summer[90]. The flowers have an exotic lily scent[245].
Seed - best sown as soon as it is ripe in a greenhouse[200]. Pre-soak stored seed for 1 hour in warm water and then sow in spring in a warm greenhouse in a light sandy soil[1]. Germination usually takes place within 1 - 3 months at 22°c. Sow the seed thinly so that the seedlings can be left undisturbed in the pot for their first two years of growth. Give them an occasional liquid feed in the growing season to ensure they do not become nutrient deficient. When the plants become dormant in late summer, pot up the small bulbs placing 2 bulbs in each pot. Grow them on for another one or two years in the greenhouse before planting them out when they are dormant in late summer. Division of offsets when the plant dies down in late summer.
Other Names
Found In
Weed Potential

Right plant wrong place. We are currently updating this section. Please note that a plant may be invasive in one area but may not in your area so it’s worth checking.

Conservation Status
IUCN Red List of Threatened Plants Status :
Related Plants


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Botanical References
Links / References
For a list of references used on this page please go here
Readers comment
   Thu Dec 30 07:27:34 2004
This plant is found in Malta/Mediterranean basin/Europe

More comprehensive details, medicinal properties, uses, botanical data, plant description and photogallery of high resolutions photos of this plant can be seen on an interesting website about the wild plants of Malta: www.maltawildplants.com

Link: Malta Wild Plants Website and photography by Stephen Mifsud, Malta.

Marios Harakis   Thu Feb 9 2006
I found this plant in Cyprus grwing near the sea.
Thomas Gerlach   Thu Mar 30 2006
Very good page with a lot of useful informations! You can find many Pancratium m. also in Andalusia, Atlantic coast, in the dunes.
   Tue Sep 25 2007
Found this flowering in September on a beach near Volissos,Chios, Greece.
Antti S.   Fri Aug 14 2009
Abundant amount of them grow in Crete just on the sand seashore. We have just returned from there and have seen many of them blooming in places where perfprmed artificial irrigation. Amazing plant, charming fragrance. Flowers open at night. It's pity that b ec ause of the ground erosion many bulbs vere lying opened, we tried to plant them again in sutable places. :)
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Subject : Pancratium maritimum  

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