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Ophiopogon japonicus - (L.f.)Ker-Gawl.
                 
Common Name Snake's Beard, Dwarf lilyturf, Mondo Grass, Monkey Grass, Dwarf Lilyturf
Family Convallariaceae
USDA hardiness 7-11
Known Hazards None known
Habitats Damp ground[174] in shady places in lowland and foothills[58]. Forests, dense scrub in ravines, moist and shady places on slopes and along streams, cliffs at elevations of 200 - 2800 m in China[266].
Range E. Asia - China, Japan, Korea.
Edibility Rating  
Other Uses  
Weed Potential No
Medicinal Rating  
Care
Fully Hardy Moist Soil Wet Soil Water Plants Semi-shade Full sun

Summary
Bloom Color: White. Main Bloom Time: Early summer, Late summer, Mid summer. Form: Rounded, Spreading or horizontal.

Ophiopogon japonicus Snake


http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/User:KENPEI
Ophiopogon japonicus Snake
http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/User:KENPEI
   
Physical Characteristics
 icon of manicon of flower
Ophiopogon japonicus is an evergreen Perennial growing to 0.3 m (1ft) by 1 m (3ft 3in) at a slow rate.
It is hardy to zone (UK) 7. It is in leaf 12-Jan It is in flower in August, and the seeds ripen from Sep to October. The flowers are hermaphrodite (have both male and female organs)Suitable for: light (sandy) and medium (loamy) soils. Suitable pH: acid, neutral and basic (alkaline) soils. It can grow in semi-shade (light woodland) or no shade. It prefers moist or wet soil and can grow in water.

Synonyms

Habitats
Woodland Garden Sunny Edge; Dappled Shade; Ground Cover; Pond; Bog Garden;
Edible Uses
Edible Parts: Root.
Edible Uses:

Root[61]. A bitterness should be removed according to some reports[105, 177] whilst another says that it is sweet and aromatic[178]. Mucilaginous[179, 218]. The root contains about 1.6% protein, 0.5% fat, 80% carbohydrate, 2.3% ash[179].
Medicinal Uses


Plants For A Future can not take any responsibility for any adverse effects from the use of plants. Always seek advice from a professional before using a plant medicinally.

Antipyretic;  Antiscrophulatic;  Antitussive;  Aphrodisiac;  Cancer;  Emollient;  Expectorant;  Nutritive;  
Pectoral;  Sedative;  Sialagogue;  Stomachic;  Tonic.

The root is antitussive, aphrodisiac, expectorant, pectoral, sedative, sialogogue, stomachic and tonic[147, 174, 176, 218, 238]. It is said to have anticancer activity[218]. It is used internally in the treatment of dry coughs, fevers, thirst, dry constipation, insomnia, anxiety and palpitations[238]. It is also frequently used in polyherbal treatments of diabetes mellitus[218]. The roots have an antibacterial action, inhibiting the growth of Staphylococcus, E. coli, Bacillus subtilis, B. typhi etc[176]. The roots are harvested in the spring and dried for later use[238]. The plant is antipyretic, antiscrofulatic, antitussive, emollient, expectorant and tonic[218]. Lowers blood pressure[176]. Nodules on the fibrous roots are used as a nutritive tonic in the treatment of TB[174].
Other Uses
Soil stabilization.

A good carpeting plant[1, 200] that spreads quite freely[208], it is commonly planted as a ground cover or as a low-maintenance grass substitute[187, 208]. It is particularly valuable for preventing soil erosion[200]. Plants should be spaced about 45cm apart each way[208].
Cultivation details
Landscape Uses:Border, Container, Ground cover, Massing, Rock garden, Seashore, Specimen, Woodland garden. Prefers a sandy soil[1]. Succeeds in any moderately fertile well-drained soil and also as a submerged aquatic plant, though it does not flower in such a situation[200]. Succeeds in a sunny position if the soil remains moist all year round, otherwise it should be grown in semi-shade[200]. Plants may require winter protection according to one report[1], whilst another says that they are hardy to about -20°c[200]. Plants only succeed outdoors in the milder areas of the country[208]. This species is cultivated as a medicinal plant in China[178]. Special Features:Not North American native, Invasive, Naturalizing, Inconspicuous flowers or blooms.
Propagation
Seed - best sown as soon as it is ripe in a sandy compost in a cold frame[200]. When they are large enough to handle, prick the seedlings out into individual pots and grow them on in the cold frame for at least their first winter. Plant them out into their permanent positions in late spring or early summer, after the last expected frosts. Division in spring[188].
Other Names
Found In
Weed Potential

Right plant wrong place. We are currently updating this section. Please note that a plant may be invasive in one area but may not in your area so it’s worth checking.

Conservation Status
IUCN Red List of Threatened Plants Status :
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Expert comment
 
Author
(L.f.)Ker-Gawl.
Botanical References
58200266
Links / References
For a list of references used on this page please go here
Readers comment
 
Elizabeth H.
L.Smith Thu Aug 24 2006
I am looking for a source that will tell me how long and at what heat to cook this herb for medicinal use!? lssmith9@earthlink.net
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Subject : Ophiopogon japonicus  

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