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Ononis repens - L.
                 
Common Name Rest Harrow, Common restharrow
Family Fabaceae or Leguminosae
USDA hardiness 5-9
Known Hazards None known
Habitats Dry grassland on calcareous soils[5, 17].
Range Western Europe in Britain, France and Belgium.
Edibility Rating  
Other Uses  
Weed Potential No
Medicinal Rating  
Care
Fully Hardy Well drained soil Moist Soil Full sun

Summary

Ononis repens Rest Harrow, Common restharrow


http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:331_Ononis_repens.jpg
Ononis repens Rest Harrow, Common restharrow
http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/User:Fornax
   
Physical Characteristics
 icon of manicon of flower
Ononis repens is a PERENNIAL growing to 0.6 m (2ft) by 1 m (3ft 3in).
It is hardy to zone (UK) 6. It is in flower from Jun to September, and the seeds ripen from Aug to October. The flowers are hermaphrodite (have both male and female organs) and are pollinated by Bees.It can fix Nitrogen.
It is noted for attracting wildlife.
Suitable for: light (sandy), medium (loamy) and heavy (clay) soils and prefers well-drained soil. Suitable pH: acid, neutral and basic (alkaline) soils. It cannot grow in the shade. It prefers dry or moist soil. The plant can tolerate maritime exposure.

Synonyms
O. arvensis. Auct.

Habitats
 Meadow;
Edible Uses
Edible Parts: Leaves;  Root.
Edible Uses: Drink.

Root - raw or cooked. A liquorice substitute[5, 66]. Soaked in cold water it makes a refreshing cold drink[66]. The young shoots were at one time much used as a vegetable, being boiled, pickled or eaten in salads[4].
Medicinal Uses


Plants For A Future can not take any responsibility for any adverse effects from the use of plants. Always seek advice from a professional before using a plant medicinally.

Lithontripic.

The whole herb has been used in the treatment of bladder stones and to subdue delirium[4].
Other Uses
None known
Cultivation details
Prefers a sunny position in a well-drained neutral to alkaline soil[200]. Succeeds on the tops of walls and on dry banks[200]. Similar to O. spinosa, but this species is rhizomatous[200]. It can spread rapidly when well sited[1] and has become an obnoxious weed in some areas[245]. Mature roots are very tough and the plant gained its common name of 'Rest Harrow' because ploughs and harrows would be unable to break through it (in the days before heavy machinery was used on the land!). The whole plant emits a delicious resinous odour when bruised[245]. A food plant for the common blue butterfly[200]. Dislikes root disturbance[200]. This species has a symbiotic relationship with certain soil bacteria, these bacteria form nodules on the roots and fix atmospheric nitrogen. Some of this nitrogen is utilized by the growing plant but some can also be used by other plants growing nearby[200].
Propagation
Scarify or pre-soak the seed for 24 hours in warm water and sow the seed in the middle of spring in situ[200]. The seed can also be sown in a cold frame in the autumn. When they are large enough to handle, prick the seedlings out into individual pots and plant them out in late spring[200]. Division just before new growth begins in spring[200]. Very easy, larger divisions can be planted out direct into their permanent positions. We have found that it is better to pot up the smaller divisions and grow them on in light shade in a cold frame until they are well established before planting them out in late spring or early summer. Cuttings, September in a cold frame[111].
Other Names
Found In
Weed Potential

Right plant wrong place. We are currently updating this section. Please note that a plant may be invasive in one area but may not in your area so it’s worth checking.

Conservation Status
IUCN Red List of Threatened Plants Status :
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Author
L.
Botanical References
17200
Links / References
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Subject : Ononis repens  

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