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Myriophyllum spicatum - L.
                 
Common Name Water Milfoil, Eurasian watermilfoil
Family Haloragidaceae
USDA hardiness 5-9
Known Hazards None known
Habitats Lakes, ponds, ditches etc, to 450 metres. Locally common, especially in calcareous waters[17].
Range Europe, including Britain, Asia, N. Africa, N. America..
Edibility Rating  
Other Uses  
Weed Potential Yes
Medicinal Rating  
Care
Fully Hardy Water Plants Full sun

Summary

Myriophyllum spicatum Water Milfoil, Eurasian watermilfoil


http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Cleaned-Illustration_Myriophyllum_spicatum.jpg
Myriophyllum spicatum Water Milfoil, Eurasian watermilfoil
http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/User:Fabelfroh
   
Physical Characteristics
 
Myriophyllum spicatum is a PERENNIAL.
It is hardy to zone (UK) 6. It is in flower from Jun to July. The flowers are hermaphrodite (have both male and female organs) and are pollinated by Wind.Suitable for: light (sandy) and medium (loamy) soils. Suitable pH: acid, neutral and basic (alkaline) soils and can grow in very alkaline soils.
It cannot grow in the shade. It can grow in water.

Synonyms

Habitats
 Pond;
Edible Uses
Edible Parts: Root.
Edible Uses:

Root - raw or cooked[257]. Sweet and crunchy, the roots were a much relished food for several native North American Indian tribes[257].
Medicinal Uses


Plants For A Future can not take any responsibility for any adverse effects from the use of plants. Always seek advice from a professional before using a plant medicinally.

Demulcent;  Febrifuge.

The plant is demulcent and febrifuge[178].
Other Uses
None known
Cultivation details
Requires a sandy medium, rich in decaying organic matter, in full sun[200]. Plants overwinter as resting buds at the bottom of the pond[1]. Another report says that the plants do not form winter buds, but persist at the bottom of the pond[56]. This species is considered to have the potential to be invasive when introduced into some areas such as Texas[274]. A good water oxygenator[200].
Propagation
Seed - we have no information for this species but the seed is quite probably of limited germination, especially if it becomes dry, and so is best sown as soon as it is ripe in a cold frame if this is possible. Otherwise store the seed in a cool place in a jar of water and sow in the spring. Keep the pots in trays of water. When they are large enough to handle, prick the seedlings out into individual pots and plant them out in the spring. Cuttings can be inserted directly into the soil of the pond at any time in the growing season[56]. Division.

Books by Plants For A Future

Other Names
Found In
Weed Potential

Right plant wrong place. We are currently updating this section. Please note that a plant may be invasive in one area but may not in your area so it’s worth checking.

Conservation Status
IUCN Red List of Threatened Plants Status :
Related Plants
Latin NameCommon NameEdibility RatingMedicinal Rating
Myriophyllum verticillatumMyriad Leaf, Whorl-leaf watermilfoil10
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Expert comment
 
Author
L.
Botanical References
17200
Links / References
For a list of references used on this page please go here
Readers comment
 
Elizabeth H.
Kelli Polleys Mon Jan 10 14:43:33 2005
It's ugly.

Link: WAPMS Plants useful and easy-to-use

Elizabeth H.
Matt Wed Aug 18 23:30:20 2004
Korner S. & Nicklisch A (2002) Allelopathic growth inhibition of selected phytoplankton species by submerged macrophytes. J. Phycol 38: 862-871. Maybe it does have a use!
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Subject : Myriophyllum spicatum  

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