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Medicago polymorpha - L.
                 
Common Name Toothed Bur-Clover, Burclover
Family Fabaceae or Leguminosae
USDA hardiness Coming soon
Known Hazards None known
Habitats Sandy or gravelly soils near the sea in eastern and southern England[17].
Range Central and southern Europe, including Britain, south and east to N. Africa and Asia.
Edibility Rating  
Other Uses  
Weed Potential Yes
Medicinal Rating  
Care
Well drained soil Moist Soil Full sun

Summary

Medicago polymorpha Toothed Bur-Clover, Burclover


http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Medicago_polymorpha_1%E2%80%94La_flore_et_la_pomone_fran%C3%A7aises.jpg
Medicago polymorpha Toothed Bur-Clover, Burclover
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Physical Characteristics
 icon of manicon of flower
Medicago polymorpha is a ANNUAL growing to 0.6 m (2ft).
It is not frost tender. It is in flower from May to August, and the seeds ripen from Jul to September. The flowers are hermaphrodite (have both male and female organs) and are pollinated by Self.The plant is self-fertile.
It can fix Nitrogen.
Suitable for: light (sandy) and medium (loamy) soils and prefers well-drained soil. Suitable pH: acid, neutral and basic (alkaline) soils. It cannot grow in the shade. It prefers dry or moist soil.

Synonyms
M. denticulata. M. hispida.

Habitats
 Cultivated Beds;
Edible Uses
Edible Parts: Flowers;  Leaves;  Seed.
Edible Uses:

Leaves and young shoots - raw or cooked as a potherb[2, 179, 183]. Only the young leaves are eaten raw[177]. Plants can be harvested on a cut and come again basis, the first harvest can be made about one month after sowing, plants can then be harvested another 3 - 4 times at intervals of a few weeks[206]. The young leaves contain about 6% protein, 0.14% fat, 9.5% carbohydrate, 1.4% ash. They are rich in vitamins A, C, and E[179]. Flowers - raw or cooked[105, 183]. Seed - cooked[257]. The seed can be parched, ground into a powder and mixed with water to make a mush[257].
Medicinal Uses
Plants For A Future can not take any responsibility for any adverse effects from the use of plants. Always seek advice from a professional before using a plant medicinally.



None known
Other Uses
Green manure.

Used as a green manure, it fixes atmospheric nitrogen[46, 206].
Cultivation details
Prefers a dry neutral soil and dislikes shade. Prefers a light well-drained soil[206]. A very variable plant[17]. Cultivated for its edible leaves in China[206]. This species has a symbiotic relationship with certain soil bacteria, these bacteria form nodules on the roots and fix atmospheric nitrogen. Some of this nitrogen is utilized by the growing plant but some can also be used by other plants growing nearby[200]. When removing plant remains at the end of the growing season, it is best to only remove the aerial parts of the plant, leaving the roots in the ground to decay and release their nitrogen.
Propagation
Pre-soak the seed for 12 hours in warm water and then sow in spring in situ[206]. The seed can also be sown in situ in the autumn[206].
Other Names
Found In
Weed Potential

Right plant wrong place. We are currently updating this section. Please note that a plant may be invasive in one area but may not in your area so it’s worth checking.

Conservation Status
IUCN Red List of Threatened Plants Status :
Related Plants
Latin NameCommon NameEdibility RatingMedicinal Rating
Medicago arboreaMoon Trefoil20
Medicago lupulinaBlack Medick21
Medicago sativaAlfalfa, Yellow alfalfa43
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Author
L.
Botanical References
17200
Links / References
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Subject : Medicago polymorpha  

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