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Malus baccata mandschurica - (Maxim.)Schneid.
                 
Common Name Manchurian Apple
Family Rosaceae
USDA hardiness Coming soon
Known Hazards All members of this genus contain the toxin hydrogen cyanide in their seeds and possibly also in their leaves, but not in their fruits. Hydrogen cyanide is the substance that gives almonds their characteristic taste but it should only be consumed in very small quantities. Apple seeds do not normally contain very high quantities of hydrogen cyanide but, even so, should not be consumed in very large quantities. In small quantities, hydrogen cyanide has been shown to stimulate respiration and improve digestion, it is also claimed to be of benefit in the treatment of cancer. In excess, however, it can cause respiratory failure and even death.
Habitats Mixed forests on slopes, mountain summits and valleys at elevations of 100 - 2100 metres in northern China[266].
Range E. Asia - northern China to Russia.
Edibility Rating  
Other Uses  
Weed Potential No
Medicinal Rating  
Care
Moist Soil Semi-shade Full sun

Summary

Malus baccata mandschurica Manchurian Apple


(c) 2010 Ken Fern & Plants For A Future
Malus baccata mandschurica Manchurian Apple
(c) 2010 Ken Fern & Plants For A Future
   
Physical Characteristics
 icon of manicon of lolypop
Malus baccata mandschurica is a deciduous Tree growing to 7 m (23ft).
It is not frost tender. It is in flower from Apr to May, and the seeds ripen in September. The flowers are hermaphrodite (have both male and female organs) and are pollinated by Insects.Suitable for: light (sandy), medium (loamy) and heavy (clay) soils, prefers well-drained soil and can grow in heavy clay soil. Suitable pH: acid, neutral and basic (alkaline) soils. It can grow in semi-shade (light woodland) or no shade. It prefers moist soil.

Synonyms

Habitats
Woodland Garden Secondary; Sunny Edge; Dappled Shade;
Edible Uses
Edible Parts: Fruit.
Edible Uses:

Fruit - raw or cooked. The fully ripe fruit is very soft and has a delicious flavour somewhat like stewed apples[K]. The fruit is about 2.5cm in diameter[K].
Medicinal Uses
Plants For A Future can not take any responsibility for any adverse effects from the use of plants. Always seek advice from a professional before using a plant medicinally.



None known
Other Uses
Rootstock.

In NE China, this species is often used as stock for grafting Malus pumila and M. asiatica[266].
Cultivation details
We have very little information on this tree, but one young specimen seen growing at the Hillier Arboretum in Hampshire in September 1993 was about 2 metres tall and bearing a small crop of fruit. It is probable that this species is the same as M. baccata mandschurica[K]. The plant flowers in its fourth year from seed. It has a long flowering season, from early April until towards the end of May at our Cornwall site, and so is well suited as a pollinator of cultivated apple varieties[K]. The following notes are based on the general needs of the genus. An easily grown plant, it succeeds in most fertile soils, preferring a moisture retentive well-drained loamy soil[1, 200]. Grows well in heavy clay soils. Prefers a sunny position but succeeds in partial shade though it fruits less well in such a situation[1, 200]. The fruit is a good wildlife food source, especially for birds[200]. Hybridizes freely with other members of this genus[200]. Plants in this genus are notably susceptible to honey fungus[200].
Propagation
Seed - best sown as soon as it is ripe in the autumn in a cold frame. It usually germinates in late winter. Stored seed requires stratification for 3 months at 1°c and should be sown in a cold frame as soon as it is received[200]. It might not germinate for 12 months or more. Prick out the seedlings into individual pots as soon as they are large enough to handle. If given a rich compost they usually grow away quickly and can be large enough to plant out in late summer, though consider giving them some protection from the cold in their first winter. Otherwise, keep them in pots in a cold frame and plant them out in late spring of the following year. Cuttings of mature wood, November in a frame[11].

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Other Names
Found In
Weed Potential

Right plant wrong place. We are currently updating this section. Please note that a plant may be invasive in one area but may not in your area so it’s worth checking.

Conservation Status
IUCN Red List of Threatened Plants Status :
Related Plants
Latin NameCommon NameEdibility RatingMedicinal Rating
Malus angustifoliaSouthern Crab, Southern crab apple20
Malus baccataChinese Crab, Siberian crab apple21
Malus bracteata 20
Malus brevipes 20
Malus coronariaGarland Crab, Sweet crab apple31
Malus domesticaApple52
Malus florentinaHawthorn-leaf crab apple20
Malus floribundaJapanese Crab, Japanese flowering crab apple30
Malus fuscaOregon Crab, Oregon crab apple32
Malus glabrata 20
Malus glaucescens 20
Malus hallianaHall crab apple20
Malus halliana spontanea 20
Malus hupehensisChinese Crab, Chinese crab apple, Tea Crabapple, Flowering Tea Crabapple20
Malus ioensisPrairie Crab, Prairie crab apple, Texas crab apple, Prairie Crabapple20
Malus ioensis palmeriPrairie Crab20
Malus kansuensis 20
Malus lancifolia 20
Malus praecox 20
Malus prattiiPratt apple20
Malus prunifoliaChinese Apple, Plumleaf crab apple40
Malus prunifolia rinkiiChinese Apple30
Malus pumilaParadise Apple, Common Apple, Apple Tree32
Malus pumila nervosaCrab Apple30
Malus pumila paradisiacaParadise Apple30
Malus sargentiiSargent's apple, Sargent Crabapple20
Malus sieversii 30
Malus sikkimensis 20
Malus spectabilisChinese Flowering Apple, Asiatic apple30
12
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Author
(Maxim.)Schneid.
Botanical References
266
Links / References
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Subject : Malus baccata mandschurica  

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